2 point perspective surrealism

Perspective Drawing
During the Renaissance
artists became interested
in making two-dimensional
(flat) artwork look threedimensional. They
developed a system to
show depth logically and
 Many of the earlier
works artists created
showed little depth.
 Does this picture
reflect depth? Why or
why not?
 How could this
picture be changed
to increase its’ depth?
 Artists used
mathematics and
close observation to
invent linear
 Linear perspective
allows artists to trick
the eye into seeing
depth on a flat
Influential People during the Renaissance
 Art:
 Michelangelo
 Leonardo da Vinci
 Science
 Galileo
 Literature
Raphael, School of Athens,
One-point linear perspective
 Shakespeare
Horizon Line
The place where the earth and the sky meet.
Represents the viewer’s eye level
You can see the top
of an object if it is
below eye level, below
the Horizon Line.
If an object is above
eye level, above the
Horizon Line, you can
not see it’s top.
Horizon Line
= place where earth and sky meet
 Vanishing Point The single point on the horizon
where all the lines on the ground level seem to
come together and meet.
Orthogonal Line
Lines that meet at the vanishing point. They appear to
go back into space. Diagonal.
1 Point Perspective
In one point perspective, there is
one vanishing point from which
all lines radiate outwardly from.
Aerial View
If you are standing facing the wall straight on, this is how it would
appear. All parallel lines are going to the ONE Vanishing Point !
One Point :: Review Video
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ZYBWAifEs&feature=player_embedded
Draw a horizontal line
between the two
where you want your forms
to end.
Vertical lines go from the top of
the page to bottom of the page
and are perpendicular to the
bottom edge of the picture. Along
with orthogonal and horizontal
lines they make up a one-point
perspective drawing.
• Use one point
when you
are facing a
 Artists use one-point perspective to show
objects face-on.
 Most lines are vertical, horizontal, or
orthogonal drawn to a single vanishing point.
Essentially . . .
If you are facing a flat wall
straight on . . . use 1 Point !
If you are facing a corner
(inside or out) . . . use 2
2 Points
Points !
Let me show you . . .
*Notice how much smaller this photo is in order to
make room for the orthogonals to reach the
vanishing points within our view! When drawing
you can make a smaller picture area on a larger
piece of paper, or attach flaps of paper to the
sides of your drawing paper.
Two-Point Perspective
In two-point perspective, there exist two
points from which an object’s lines radiate
from; the sides of the object vanish to one of
two vanishing points on the horizon line. An
object’s vertical lines do not relate to the
perspective rules of the horizontal lines.
2 Point Perspective
Eye Level Line
Aerial View
The Vanishing
Points go OFF
the paper!
If you are standing facing the corner, this is how it would appear.
All parallel lines are now going to TWO Vanishing Points !
2 point perspective ::
video review
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UP9x1322dK8&f
Now join the back and top
corners to the opposite
vanishing point to
complete the top of the
Erase the extra orthogonals. Now
you have a form
drawn in two-point perspective!
• Surrealism Art movement in the 19241950’s in Europe.
• Fantastical visual
imagery from the
subconscious mind is
used with no
intention of making
the work logically
• Surrealism is an invented word "sur"
means beyond or farther than, so
"surreal" means to go beyond real.
• Surrealism tried to meld the conscious
and the unconscious, the world of
dreams and fantasy along with reality
so that the line between these ideas
was completely blurred.
• wanted to shock their viewers with the
unexpected and make people think in
new ways.
Surrealist Artists:
Max Ernst
Salvador Dali
Rene Magritte
Jean Arp
Joan Miro
Man Ray
M.C. Escher
Rene Magritte was a Belgian
surrealist painter.
• He painted in a realistic style.
While the objects appear to the
viewer to be recognizable, the
composition of those
recognizable objects appears
• What parts are real and which
are imaginary?
His paintings are expressive for
their juxtaposition of common
objects, often altered in scale,
and placed in absurd settings.
Magritte is deeply interested in
the process of thought, and his
paintings tend to raise the
awareness of the viewer to their
own thought processes.
Surrealistic Techniques “How to make the
ordinary look extraordinary”
• Scale
• Levitation
• Juxtaposition
• Dislocation
• Transparency
• Transformation
SCALE Changing an object’s scale, or relative size.
Personal Values
LEVITATION Floating objects that don’t normally float
JUXTAPOSITION Joining two images together in
impossible combinations
Taking an object from its
usual environment and
placing it in an
unfamiliar one
TRANSPARENCY Making objects transparent that are not
usually transparent
TRANSFORMATION Changing objects in unusual way
THINK…. Dreams….
• Have you ever dreamt about a person or place,
but in your dream they looked different?
• Have you ever dreamt you were floating?
• Were you huge? Were you tiny?
• Have you ever dreamt you could fly, swim
underwater, walk on the moon…
Your project requirements
• You must use two point perspective
• Will choose at least 5 random words from a hat to
illustrate in your “surreal scene”
• Surrealistic (use methods like scale, levitation,
juxtaposition, dislocation, transparency,
• Can be domestic or public, inside or outside scene
• Blend & layer colored pencils smoothly with good

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