Indicator Performance Tracking Table (adapted from FANTA II) M&E Capacity Strengthening Workshop Addis Ababa 4 to 8 June 2012 Arif Rashid, TOPS What is IPTT? “The indicator performance tracking table (IPTT) …includes performance indicators (at the impact, outcome and output levels) linked to the food aid program proposal’s objectives, and baseline and target values for each indicator (estimated)” Source: http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/humanitarian_assistance/ffp/ffpib_09.06.pdf Slide # 1 Purpose of IPTT Criteria for reviewing an IPTT to help ensure that it • helps you to improve your program • helps you to meet your reporting requirements and • helps you conduct M&E in ways that are not too costly or burdensome. Slide # 2 How will you use your IPTT? Slide # 3 How will you use IPTT? – 15 minutes • Identify two volunteers in your group. • The first volunteer: take a copy of your IPTT and do the following: • Choose one indicator and explain to your group how you will use it to report to Food for Peace. • Choose a different indicator and explain how you will use it to improve your program. • Choose a different indicator and explain how you will use it to “tell your story” (to tell other organizations, other funders, communities or beneficiaries about your project). • The second volunteer should repeat the same. Slide # 4 How will you use IPTT? – 15 minutes As a group, please select one section of your IPTT. Then look over each indicator in that section and LABEL each indicator as helping you to: • Fulfill reporting requirements • Improve your program • Tell your story. • NONE OF THE ABOVE. JUST LABEL, DON’T MAKE REVISIONS YET Please take 15 minutes for this exercise. Slide # 5 How will you use IPTT? – 15 minutes Tell your group members: • One thing that you found out about indicators or your IPTT that you didn’t know before. • One thing you plan to do differently as a result of what you’ve learned. Slide # 6 How are RF and Indicator levels related? Overarching Goal Impact Indicators/ Higher Outcome Indicators Medium/ Immediate Outcome Indicators Strategic Objective 1 Intermediate Result 1.1 Intermediate Result 1.2 Strategic Objective 2 Intermediate Result 2.1 Outputs Processes Inputs Activities: a) b) c) Activities: a) b) c) Activities: a) b) c) Slide # 7 Need indicator at every level Goal SO IR Activities Farm incomes increased Production of non-traditional crops increased 20 Farmers planted the new crop and followed the intercultural practices learned from the project Project trained 50 farmers on non traditional crops, and distributed seeds and fertilizer Slide # 8 Linking Indicators to RF • In small groups take the activity assigned to you and create 3 indicators to measure the causal chain the activity is part of, one at each level, output, outcome, impact: – Activity 1: Training on proper hand washing techniques – Activity 2: Training farmers on improved crop management techniques – Activity 3: Training on crop storage systems • You have 15 minutes- 5 minutes per indicator! Use the worksheet in the binder • Be prepared to share your indicators with the rest of the participants Slide # 9 Develop Indicators at Each Level Activity assigned to your working group: Level of the Indicator (result) General Guideline Impact (SO level) The change in the condition or situation of the population Measures the highest level of change your project is responsible for bringing about Outcome (IR level) Very often this is a behavior (acting, practicing) or knowledge change, but not always. There are higher and lower level outcomes, i.e. the higher level outcome could be increases in production while a lower level outcome would be the practices that a beneficiary uses. Output (activity level) Direct product of the implementer’s activities Your Proposed Indicator Slide # 10 IPTT Checklist Criteria What to ask yourself when developing or assessing your IPTT Slide # 11 What jobs can your indicator do? Does each indicator serve at least one of the following purposes: • reporting, • telling your story or • improving your program? • For example: does it provide other interesting information– i.e. information that indicates whether the food security situation is improving? whether communities and beneficiaries are making progress? how well we are doing in implementing? Slide # 12 Does each indicator measure a specific result? Overarching Goal Impact Indicators/ Higher Outcome Indicators Medium/ Immediate Outcome Indicators Strategic Objective 1 Intermediate Result 1.1 Intermediate Result 1.2 Strategic Objective 2 Intermediate Result 2.1 Outputs Processes Inputs Activities: a) b) c) Activities: a) b) c) Activities: a) b) c) Slide # 13 IPTT Checklist Criteria Is each indicator precise and well defined enough to give the reader a clear idea of what is being measured? Which is more precise? 1. “% of children malnourished” OR 2. “% of children 6-59 months in the target population who are underweight (weightfor-age Z score < -2)” Slide # 14 IPTT Checklist Criteria Is it FEASIBLE to collect and analyze the data for each indicator? Slide # 15 IPTT Checklist Criteria Is it FEASIBLE to collect and analyze the data for each indicator? Some suggested questions to ask about each indicator: • Can you collect its data through either a populationbased household survey, annual survey of beneficiaries or from program records? • Does your program have the expertise, resources and the staff needed to measure this indicator? • Does it make sense to collect data for this indicator at the time of year you plan to do so (e.g. baseline, annual and final surveys)? • Can you get a big enough sample size to produce reliable data? Slide # 16 IPTT Checklist Criteria Is it FEASIBLE to collect and analyze the data for each indicator? • An IPTT should not have too MANY or too FEW indicators. A BALANCED set of indicators that captures all three aspects – reporting, telling your story and improving program management is expected. Slide # 17 IPTT Checklist Criteria Does the IPTT include gendersensitive indicators appropriate to your RF? • Your IPTT should include gender sensitive indicators that: – Go beyond disaggregation by sex and are not just about women – Are based on the social context and gender relations (i.e. What role does gender play in the results the MYAP wants to achieve; Do mean and women get equal benefits from the project activities; Who put more labor to carryout activities promoted by the project? • Examples: – Men’s knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding – Men’s participation in helping woman get to pre-natal visits – Ratio of women’s to men’s use of inputs OR increased yields Slide # 18 IPTT Checklist Are indicators numbered clearly? Each indicator should have a unique identifying number so they are easy to refer to Is each required indicator labeled as such? Required indicators must be included in the IPTT and it’s helpful if the group requiring the indicator is mentioned, i.e. (Mission), (FFP), (Government) Is the wording for each indicator neutral? (E.g. “% of children exclusively breastfed until 6 months” NOT “increase in the “% of children exclusively breastfed until 6 months) PROGRAM GOAL: Reduce Food Insecurity of Vulnerable Populations in Western Province SO 1: Improved livelihood capacities of vulnerable households Impact 1.1 Average Household Dietary Diversity Score (FFP) (+) Outcome 1.2 Percent of trained beneficiaries (+) scoring 70% or above on post-test scores Slide # 19 IPTT Checklist • Are all the targets in the right place (“Annual” vs. “Baseline, Mid-term Evaluation and Final Evaluation”) PROGRAM GOAL: Reduce Food Insecurity of Vulnerable Populations in Western Province SO 1: Improved livelihood capacities of vulnerable households Impact 1.1 Average Household Dietary Diversity Score (FFP) Outcome 1.2 Percentage of households with access to an improved sanitation facility (+) (+) Slide # 20 IPTT Checklist Criteria Is each target reasonable? • Can you reasonably expect to reach the target? Is it ambitious enough to make a difference to your beneficiaries? • Can you justify your targets? For example is the target based on your organization’s past experience with a Title II program or another similar program? Slide # 21 IPTT Checklist • Are targets clearly defined as cumulative or not? • Do all targets match their indicator in units? Targets are in same format as the indicator (i.e. indicator says “Number of …” but target says “50%”) Slide # 22 This presentation was made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of Save the Children and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.