Multi-dimensional personality tests

Report
PERSONALITY
Minnesota Multiphasic
Personality Inventory (MMPI)
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Original development 1940 –Hathaway &
McKinley
(MMPI-2 1989) MMPI-2-RF 2008
Over 18 years
MMPI -A – 1992 (adolescent) 14 – 18 yrs
Clinical populations
paper-pencil, computer or audio
35-50 minutes
About 338 questions
Minnesota Multiphasic
Personality Inventory
(MMPI-2-RF)
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Criterion based (or data reduction)
large pool of questions
select appropriate criterion groups
factor analysis
MMPI – 2-RF scales
50 scales
 8 Validity scales
 addiction scales
 supplemental scales
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Problems with MMPI-2
norms
 inter-item consistency is low
 high inter correlations between scores
 validity
 reading at 6th grade
 self-report
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California Psychological
Inventory-260 (CPI)
Developed 1956 -- revised 2005
 assess normal adult personality
 260 true/false questions (1/2 from MMPI)
 30-45 minutes
 paper-pencil
 normed on college students
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California Psychological
Inventory (CPI)
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29 socially desirable behavioral tendencies
Interpersonal styles
self acceptance
self control
flexibility
more positive than MMPI
 used for educational, vocational, counseling
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Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
(MBTI)
Isabel Briggs Myers and Katherine Briggs
 1940s
 Based on Jung’s personality dimensions
 126 forced choice questions
 20-30 minutes
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Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
(MBTI)
Heavily used in research
 lots of validity studies
 used in academic and counseling settings
 vocational preferences
 interpersonal interactions
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Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
(example of MBTI types)
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Measures 4 dimensions of personality
extroversion-introversion (EI)
sensing-intuition (SN)
thinking-feeling (TF)
judgement-perception (JP)
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combine into 16 personality types e.g. ESTJ
Self assessment of MBTI scales
 Extrovert/Introvert
Very strong E
medium E
centered
medium I
very strong I
 Sensing/Intuition
Very strong S
medium S
centered
medium N
very strong N
medium F
very strong F
 Thinking/Feeling
Very strong T
medium T
centered
 Judging/Perceiving
Very strong J
medium J
centered
medium P
very strong P
Keirsey Temperament Sorter – II
KTS-II
Created by David Kerisey
 1978
 Similar to MBTI test profile
 High reliability and validity
 Shorter
 Computerized
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KTS scales
4 Scales – similar to MBTI
-- different words, same letters
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(E)=Expressive vs. (I)=Attentive
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(S)=Observant vs. (N)=Introspective
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(T)=Tough-minded vs. (F)=Friendly
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(J)=Scheduling vs. (P)=Probing
MBTI/KTS/images
Scores????
1. MBTI – individual scales
2. MBTI - combinations
3. KTS
4. “projective ABAB
Reliability ????
Validity ????
Standardization ????

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