Equine Nutrition Sales Presentation

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EQUINE NUTRITION
HORSE= “Hindgut Fermenter”
In the horse, all true digestion is by enzymatic digestion and
takes place in the fore gut (ahead of the cecum). This
accounts for 52-58% of the crude protein digestion and
virtually all soluble carbohydrate digestion (fiber excluded).
In addition, bacterial or microbial digestion of
Fiber occurs in the Hindgut (cecum and colon)
where large quantities of volatile fatty acids are
produced through fermentation and are
absorbed.
This dual system allows the horse to
digest:
1. Simple carbohydrate sources such as starch from
grain in the Fore Gut= ENZYMATIC DIGESTION
2. Fibrous sources such as oat hulls, soy hulls, beet
pulp, hay and pasture are digested in the Hind Gut=
BACTERIAL/ MICROBIAL DIGESTION
FORE- GUT
Duration in the Foregut= 1.5 hours
HIND- GUT
Duration in the Hind-Gut= 2-3 days
For enzymatic and microbial action
to digest feed efficiently, the horse
needs healthy teeth to grind feed
and allow enzymes and bacteria to
attack the plant cell walls.
Teeth should be examined during the
annual health check to ensure that they
are wearing normally and are effectively
grinding the feed.
The emptying time of the stomach after filling can be about
12 minutes, and the rate of passage down the small
intestine is about 1 ft/min. The net result is that food can
go from the mouth to the cecum in about 1½ hours
(FOREGUT TO HINDGUT= 1.5 hours)
The small volume of the stomach and rapid passage of food from
the stomach is the reason horses eat almost continuously, thus
the name……………………. “HAY BURNERS”
Various studies on total passage time, indicate 2-3 days is
required from when food is ingested until it is passed in the
manure. …..The mature horse's large intestine makes up more
than half of the total volume of the digestive tract, is important
for microbial digestion of food and is a major reservoir for water.
When undigested starch and sugars reaches the hindgut, the
microbial fermentation process in the cecum produces a higher
level of lactic acid. This creates a more acidic environment in
the hindgut (lowering the pH), resulting in the state known
as…………………….. “HINDGUT ACIDOSIS”
Risks Related to Hindgut Acidosis
Hindgut acidosis is itself a health risk, as the lower pH can kill
beneficial bacteria and allow dangerous pathogens to
prosper – It is the beginning of more serious digestive
distress.
A high volume of lactic acid in the bloodstream may also
reduce the ability of the horse’s muscles to clear lactic acid
that builds up during exercise. This may, in turn, lead to a
slower recovery from exercise or………. “Tying Up”.
Hindgut acidosis is also known to lead to:
1. Laminitis,
2. Colonic Ulceration
3. Potentially to Colic.
There are good bacteria and bad bacteria in the horse’s gut. The good
bacteria are killed off by sugars, creating lactic acid, which then causes lesions
or ULCERS in the hindgut. The bad bacteria die off very quickly however,
creating Endotoxins.
These Endotoxins seep into the bloodstream through the gut lesions and go
straight to the LAMINAE of the horse’s foot, causing inflammation and
destroying it. The once tightly connected epidermal and dermal laminae lose
hold of each other. …………………………… This is LAMINITIS.
SIGNS OF LAMINITIS
ULCERS- GASTRIC/ COLONIC
SIGNS OF ULCERS
1. Overall Poor Condition
2. Inability to Gain Weight/ Poor Appetite
3. Excessive Chewing/ Teeth Grinding/ Wood Chewing/, etc.
4. Pawing the Ground when eating
5. Physical Discomfort
6. Poor Performance
7. Reluctance to move/ bend / extend
8. Sensitive to external pressure (colonic)
9. Tucked Up/ Tucked Under Body Position
10. Presence of Hemoglobin (Gastric) and Albumin (Colonic)- Fecal Blood
Test
SIGNS OF COLIC
Gas/ Spasmodic, Impaction, Sand,
Parasite, Twisted Gut
Flank Watching
Pawing the Ground
Rolling/ Lying Down
Restlessness
Sweating
Muscle Tremors/ Shaking
Depression/ Decreased Appetite
Lack of Manure Droppings/ Diarrhea
Swishing Tail
Slow Capillary Refill Time/ Pulse
Kicking / Biting at the Belly
Bucking
NUTRITION TIPS FOR OPTIMAL FEEDING
(To Aid/ Prevent -HIND GUT ACIDOSIS, LAMINITIS, ULCERS AND COLIC, etc.)
1. Feed your horse only what they need (based on Body Condition and Activity Level)
2. Feed Low Starch- High Fiber/ High Fat Rations
3. Promote “Healthy Bacteria” in the Hind Gut
4. Offer Free Choice -Good Quality Forage (obtain a forage analysis if available)
5. Feed/ Ration Balancers in small/ frequent portions (2 -4 x’s per day)
6. Follow an Effective De-Worming Schedule/ Parasite Control
7. Schedule an Annual Dental/ Teeth Checkup
8. Avoid sudden changes in feed/ forage/ rations.
9. Offer access to Clean Water at all times.
10. Offer “Balanced” Chelated/ Organic Vitamins & Minerals
11. Maintain Hydration levels (ie: salt blocks, direct fed electrolytes)
12. Feed a high quality Feed produced specifically for horses (no cross contamination)
NUTRITION FOR FOALS
The foal and growing horse have undeveloped cecal and colonic digestion as
compared to the adult horse. There is very little microbial digestion before
three months of age. Therefore, the foal requires a diet low in fiber and
easily digested in the fore gut.
Foals who are seen eating their mothers manure are thought to be obtaining
a bacterial culture necessary for future microbial digestion
Equine Internal Parasites
Where they live……….
How to find them…….
Fecal Egg Count
Large Roundworms
Botfly Larvae
Small Strongyles
Bloodworms
Tapeworms
SIGNS OF INTERNAL PARASITES
•Dull, rough haircoat
•Lethargy (decreased energy) or depression
•Decreased stamina
•Unthriftiness or loss of condition
•Slowed growth in young horses
•Pot belly (especially in young horses)
•Colic
•Diarrhea
YOUR HORSE’S CHECKLIST
Clean Water
To maintain proper hydration levels
To protect from ingestion of mycotoxins
Balanced Vitamins / Minerals
Enzymes
Active Probiotics
For absorption / utilization of nutrients
To allow for digestion of feed/ forage
To Promote/ Maintain gut health
Electrolytes
To Maintain proper hydration levels
Protein
Fiber
Fat
Carbohydrates (Non-structural)
To Promote / maintain optimal body condition
To optimize Fermentation
To provide “cool” energy/ optimal body condition
To control Starch/ Sugar
Supplements
To address specific health-related concerns
Worming Program
To protect your horse from internal damage
Annual Dental Check
To promote proper digestion
To build a Happy, Healthy and “Willing Partner”……
VITAMIN AND MINERAL SUPPLEMENTS FOR HORSES
A vitamin and mineral premix should be specific for the classification of horse
(age, reproduction status, workload, etc). The key to using vitamin and mineral
supplements is to incorporate them to “balance the diet” and to avoid oversupplementation.
NOTE: Overfeeding vitamin and mineral supplements may create an imbalance in
the amount of vitamins and minerals in your horse’s diet and can be toxic.
HAY BALANCERS/ RATION BALANCERS
If your horse is primarily receiving its nutrition from hay, then you should
consider a supplement that balances for the vitamins, minerals and nutrients
that may not be present or may have leached out of the hay.
**The longer the hay has been stored the lower the nutritional content will be**.
NOTE: Obtaining a Hay Analysis is helpful when confirming the vitamins/
minerals in the forage and the deficiencies that exist.
Equi-Ferm XL is a Pre-Biotic and Pro-Biotic in all Tribute Equine Nutrition Feeds.
Equi-Ferm XL works by:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Stabilizing digestive flora
Improving fiber digestion
Maximizing the absorption of key nutrients
Source of essential amino acids
Equi-Ferm XL is a micro-encapsulated live yeast (reaches the hindgut in the active form), a
rich source of metabolites to improve your horses feed and fiber digestion. This powerful
combination enhances digestive functions so the horse gets the most out of everything it
eats. This strain has been screened and selected from thousands of other strains for it’s
capacity for improved digestive function and animal performance. It has been validated by
leading research centers and in more then 50 scientific publications. EQUI-FERM XL will
propel the performance and overall well-being of your horse to the next level.
THE ESSENTIALS
RATION BALANCER
EXTRUDED FAT SUPPLEMENT
To be used as a “TOP DRESS” or as a RATION BALANCER…. To add
an Active Pro-biotic and “fill the gaps in the forage” or “bulk feed”
program.
COMPLETE FEEDS
EVERY HORSE IS DIFFERENT……..What is the “RIGHT PLAN?” for yours??
Your Horse’s Nutrition Plan is based on:
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2.
3.
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6.
7.
8.
Body Condition
Activity Level
Age / Breed/ Reproduction Needs
Special Conditions (ie: Cushings, etc.)
Training/ Performance Needs
Type of Forage the Horse is fed
Owners Budget
Feeding Schedule/ Arrangement
We specialize in developing the “Right Plan” for your Budget and your Horse (s)……..
What’s included:
1.
2.
3.
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Individual Body Condition Scoring
Performance/ Activity Level – “Goals Based Analysis”
Review of Specific Needs/ Special Conditions
Feed Cost Calculators (comparison of different options)
Consultation with your Vet or Farrier as needed
Customized Rations offered thru our Certified Equine Nutritionist
Liaison with Coach/ Trainer / Owners
Correspondence with Saddle Fitter/ Maker to discuss goals with relation to
body condition.
We are here to help protect the “health of your horse” and
“your investment” in your Equine Partners and Equestrian
Pursuits………

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