Subtle Shifts To Advance 4-H ScienceReadiness Slides adapted by permission from “Are You 4-H Science Ready?” webinar (Oct 2011) by Jill Walahoski & Jessie Bauman - University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension NYS 4-H STEM Academy A professional development event brought to you by the NYS 4-H Office and 4-H STEM PWT Head . Heart . Hands . Health Goals Become more familiar with the 4-H Science Checklist criteria and how they can guide high quality 4-H STEM projects Learn about 4-H STEM terminology and resources Do a “shifted” inquiry activity with your colleagues to explore how we can adapt existing activities and projects Learn with and from your colleagues, and continue the conversation Head . Heart . Hands . Health Agenda Intro to Science Readiness, STEM Checklist 1. Essential Elements 2. Adult Roles 3. Experiential and Inquiry - Helicopter 4. Outcomes 5. Science Abilities 6. Science Standards Assess Science Readiness Head . Heart . Hands . Health Polycom Ground Rules Use Polycom broadcast to share formal presentation Use Webex to chat: questions, observations, suggestions, resources http://cornelluniversity.webex.com Topic: NYS 4H STEM Academy Password: Science Head . Heart . Hands . Health How Much Do You Know?! Are you familiar with the 4-H “Science Checklist?” Is it useful? Can you explain what “4-H Science Ready” means? Head . Heart . Hands . Health Definition: 4-H Science (at national level) [equivalent to 4-H STEM in New York] 4-H Science is the combination of the context of youth development and the content and processes of science = 4-H Science Ready Programs + Head . Heart . Hands . Health Setting the Stage In-Formal – Non-Formal – Formal STEM Education 4-H: non-formal STEM education Facilitated Learning From Horton, Gogolski, and Warkentien, 2007. Science, Engineering, and Technology (SET) Programming in the Context of 4-H Youth Development Head . Heart . Hands . Health STEM - Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Commonly used acronym in education, research, policy, and funding communities Scientists explore the natural world Engineers create the designed world Technologists use knowledge to adapt the natural and designed world Math is the language of science, engineering, and technology(applied math) Tools of the Trade Session 2: Explore It! Design it! Use it! Head . Heart . Hands . Health 4-H Science (national) S.E.T. (original national and other states still using) Inquiry a key ingredient – how science is done STEM Abilities (science process skills) are needed to do inquiry. When learners do inquiry they: develop abilities to do science and think critically use abilities to: learn by connecting previous knowledge with current experience identify and investigate novel experiences to build new ideas Head . Heart . Hands . Health Purpose of 4-H STEM Checklist Guides efforts in developing high quality science programs NYS 4-H STEM Checklist adapted from national Answers the questions: “How do I know what counts as a ‘Science-Ready’ 4-H STEM project?” What does a 4-H STEM project look like? What elements should be included when planning a 4-H STEM project? Head . Heart . Hands . Health NYS 4-H STEM Checklist (interchangeable with national checklist) YD Context Science Content and Process High-quality 4-H STEM programs: 1. Integrate essential elements of PYD 2. Are led by trained staff and volunteers; youth are partners and resources 3. Engage youth in experiential and inquiry based learning 4. Target 4-H Science Logic Model Outcomes; duration and frequency appropriate to reach outcomes 5. Target the development of STEM abilities 6. Are based on science standards Head . Heart . Hands . Health 1. Integration of the Essential Elements of Positive Youth Development BELONGING, INDEPENDENCE, GENEROSITY, MASTERY How do high quality 4-H STEM programs and projects contribute to PYD? Does the programming intentionally provide youth opportunities for belonging, independence, generosity and mastery? Essential Elements Training Curriculum http://www.4-h.org/resourcelibrary/professional-development-learning/ Head . Heart . Hands . Health 2. Experiences led by trained, caring adult staff and volunteers What does it mean to have programs delivered by staff and volunteers trained in positive youth development practices and best practices for delivering science content? Does the program have access to content experts? What if the leader isn’t an expert at the topic? Does the program utilize youth as partners? Do adult leaders serve as coaches and colearners? Head . Heart . Hands . Health Facilitation A Facilitator is like a good coach: Let the players play the game - Coach stays on the sideline – guide, instruct, co-learn Center of learning activity needs to focus on learners Be flexible and provide enough time Give learners latitude to explore Okay not to have answers – learn together, be comfortable in role of learner Source: national 4-H Inquiry-based learning videos Head . Heart . Hands . Health 3. Activities are led with an experiential and inquiry approach Does the program intentionally utilize these approaches? To learn how to do science, experiential is essential, but not enough Experiential + Inquiry: Meaning making (come to understand important ideas) Acquire important knowledge and skills Transfer learning to new situations Head . Heart . Hands . Health “Subtle Shifts” Shifted Helicopter Activity Do the activity at your sites Compare to the ‘unshifted’ version. What differences do you see? What are some “subtle shifts” that can be made? How can this approach help with incorporating inquiry into existing projects? Helicopter Margo Head . Heart . Hands . Health EXPERI ENTI AL LEARNI NG MODEL Experiential Learning 1. Model Experience Learner does an activity or seeks information or knowledge before being told or shown how to find answers. 5. Apply Learner shares how the life skill or knowledge can be used in other settings or activities. Do Apply 2. Share Learner describes the experience and reaction. Reflect 4. Generalize 3. Process Learner relates the life skill or knowledge from experience to everyday experiences. Learner discusses what was most important about what was done. Tools of the Trade Session 4 Source: Based on the work of: Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and Education. New York: Kappa Delta Pi; Kolb, D. A. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learni ng and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: PrenticeHall Inc.; and Pfeiffer, J. W., & Jones, J. E. (1983). References guide to handbooks and annuals. John Wiley & Sons, Where can inquiry fit into an experiential learning model? Head . Heart . Hands . Health Promising Practices for Inquiry I WONDER wall STEM Word Wall “That’s what scientists do…” “That’s the kind of questions that scientists ask” Call them: “ornithologists,” “geologists,” “soil scientists”… Find ways to publish student work Getting kids outside generates questions Jennifer Fee’s suggestions at the Spring 4-H STEM PWT Retreat Head . Heart . Hands . Health Why Inquiry? The best way to learn science is to do science Learner-centered Uses natural curiosity to motivate us to learn (enhances learning) Allows learners to decide how to find the answer to a question Can effectively teach content Helps develop scientific process skills/abilities and independent thinking skills Complements the experiential learning approach and activities that are already used in 4-H Learning is a social process; inquiry is a social process Head . Heart . Hands . Health What does Inquiry look like? Follow Science process rules: come up with a claim that can be supported by evidence that has been shared with peers Learner-centered – youth are in charge of learning Adult serves as coach/facilitator Learning is intentional Active, open questioning Opportunities for active investigations that include acquisition of knowledge and skills Flexible – can utilize different types of inquiry: Structured, Guided, Open Aligns with research base about how kids learn Head . Heart . Hands . Health How Do I Use Inquiry? Adult’s job: understand what the youth know, what they want to know, and support them getting there; keep them safe and provide supplies Provide a context that sparks interest, that gets youth wondering Ask open-ended questions; repeat concepts in their words, then provide name to reinforce concept Provide time to explore and wonder Let them arrive at their own testable question Ask “What do you think will happen…?” Encourage generation of additional or new questions Head . Heart . Hands . Health Questions That Promote Learning “The critical element to inquiry is that the child seeks answers to questions and is not given answers” (Marek & Cavallo, 1997, p. 22) Open Questions – do not have a single or right answer Closed Questions – factbased or memory recall; some may be answered with yes or no Broad Questions – a variety of acceptable and sometimes unpredictable responses Focused Questions – particular, predictable responses Head . Heart . Hands . Health 4. Programs target the outcomes of the 4-H Science Logic Model and consider the appropriate frequency and duration Do the program outcomes align with one or more outcomes of the national and/or New York State 4-H Science/STEM Logic Model? Are the program hours and frequency appropriate for accomplishing the intended outcomes? Head . Heart . Hands . Health STEM Outcomes Think of a particular child you work with: 1. What does this child now know, what skills have they developed or what attitudes have evolved? 2. What would you hope they do or achieve as a result of what they know? 3. How could this impact the conditions of their life and potentially of others? Head . Heart . Hands . Health Outcomes What has changed as a result of the program? In the previous scenario: 1. Short-term outcomes (KASA – knowledge, awareness, attitudes, skills, aspirations) 2. Mid-term outcomes (behavior changes) 3. Long-term outcomes (conditions, public value) Head . Heart . Hands . Health 5. Opportunities to improve Science Abilities (skills that enable anyone to do science) The 30 4-H STEM Abilities can be categorized within seven Science Process Skills: Observing Questioning Hypothesizing Predicting Planning and Investigating Interpreting Communicating See ‘4-H SET Abilities Related to the Science Process Skills’ handout from Training Guide for The Power of Wind (p.101) Head . Heart . Hands . Health 4-H STEM Abilities / Science Process Skills Do the program activities intentionally target one or more of the STEM abilities? Does the delivery of the program include strategies planned to develop or strengthen one or more of the abilities? Is it easier to embed the 30 4-H STEM Abilities into 7 overriding process skills? Head . Heart . Hands . Health 6. Programs based on National Science Education Standards NSES Content and Process Skills: Science as Inquiry Physical, Life, Earth & Space Sciences Science and Technology Science in Personal and Social Perspectives History and Nature of Science Head . Heart . Hands . Health National Science Education Standards (NRC 1996) The 4-H Science Initiative is based on the National Science Education Standards. The NSES present a vision of a scientifically literate populace with the principles: Science is for all youth. Learning science is an active process (inquiry based). Science reflects the intellectual and cultural traditions that characterize the practice of contemporary science. The Standards outline content youth need to learn about science. Head . Heart . Hands . Health 6. Next Generation Science Standards - new Common Core Standards http://www.nextgenscience.org Depth over breadth in science education Greater coherence in learning across grade levels Helping students understand the cross-cutting nature of crucial concepts, such as energy and matter, that span scientific disciplines. Ensure that students apply their learning through scientific inquiry and the engineering-design process to deepen their understanding. Head . Heart . Hands . Health How to Assess your Program for 4-H Science Readiness Analyze program on content and context Compare checklist items to… Curriculum used Activities County and State Activities Club or Group Activities Activities done at home Participation Structures Program Context Curriculum Used Led by Trained Staff/Volunteers X Science Standards X Activities County and State X (Context) X X X X Essential Elements Experiential and Inquiry X Done at Home X Science Abilities LM Outcomes Club and Group Participation Structure X X X X X Head . Heart . Hands . Health UPCOMING RESOURCES http://www.4-h.org/resource-library/professional-developmentlearning/science-training-guides-resources/ Watch for national 4-H Science webinars Why Science & Science Self-assessment online learning module is now under development. Evaluation Basics – multiple online learning modules under development Additional modules on Inquiry-based Learning coming this fall Archived national Adobe Connect webinars are being repurposed. The webinars will be edited and turned into Adobe Presenter presentations with engagement activities. Will be available as MP3 file podcasts on national Online Learning Center. Head . Heart . Hands . Health Wrap Up We hope you will continue this discussion with your colleagues and let us know what further professional development opportunities would be helpful Please send your site notes so we can share and learn from what each site discussed Thank you for completing the evaluation form!