Chapter 5 Section 2 Notes

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CHAPTER 5 SECTION 2
The Reign of Louis XIV
RELIGIOUS WARS AND
POWER STRUGGLES
 Henry Navarre•
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Descended from Louis IX
was the first king of the Bourbon Dynasty (Henry IV)
Gave up Protestantism- “Paris is well worth a mass.”
Spent time rebuilding peace and prosperity for France
Is stabbed to death b/c of religious compromises
 Edict of Nantes
• Huguenots would set up their own houses of worship in certain cities.
* What did the Edict of Nantes do and how did it lead to Henry IV death?
LOUIS XIII AND
CARDINAL RICHELIEU
 Louis XIII was a weak king but appointed strong
minister
 Cardinal Richelieu• 2 main things to increase the Monarchy’s Power
• 1. Moved against the Huguenots
• 2. Weakened the nobles’ power
• Involved France in the Thirty Years War
CARDINAL RICHLIEU
LOUIS XIV COMES TO
POWER
 Louis XIV- Most powerful ruler in French history
• “L’etat c’est moi.”
 Louis the Boy King
• Is only fourteen- real ruler Cardinal Mazarin
• Anti- Mazarin riots – Louis’ life threatened
 Louis Weakens the Nobles’ Authority
• Excludes nobles from councils
• Increased power of intendants- collected taxes and administered justice.
 Jean Baptist Colbert- Louis’ minister of finance
• Believed in Mercantilism and wanted to make France self Sufficient
Why did Louis XIV want to decrease
Noble’s power? And How did he
accomplish this?
 After Colbert’s death Louis cancels Edict of Nantes
•
Slows economic progress b/c artisans and business
people leave the country
LOUIS XIV
THE SUN KING’S GRAND
STYLE
 Louis surrounds himself with luxury
 Louis controls the Nobility
• Nobles lived at the Palace, and had the “honor” of waiting on Louis
• Having nobles live there made them dependant on the king an took them
away from home
• Versailles like a small royal city-showed power
 Patronage of the Arts
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Louis a Huge supporter of the arts
Moliere-Tartuffe
Danced in the Ballet The Sun King
Purpose of art to glorify the King
VERSAILLES
LOUIS FIGHTS
DISASTROUS WARS
 Under Louis France is most powerful country in Europe
 Attempts to expand Frances’s Boundaries
• 1667 Louis expands into Spanish Netherlands and gains 12
towns
• 1672 Goes into Dutch Netherlands- very few gains, flood the
countryside
• By end of 1680s other countries of Europe came together to
match France’s power
• The people suffered b/c of poor harvests and high taxes for
war
LOUIS FIGHTS
DISASTROUS WARS
 The War of Spanish Succession
• 1700 Charles II dies w/out an heir= promised the throne to Louis grandson
Phillip Anjou.
• Other countries threatened
• Ban together and fight the Spanish War of Succession
• War drags on until 1714
• End result
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Phillip Anjou could remain king as long as the thrones were not united
Hapsburgs get Spanish Netherlands
Prussia and Savoy recognized kingdoms
Britain- Gained Gibraltar and gained permission to send African slaves to the
American Colonies from Spain
• France gave them Nova Scotia and Newfoundland

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