Commercial Revolution - Mr. Zittle`s Classroom

Medieval Europe
The Commercial Revolution
AKS 37
Ch. 14.2
EQ: What was the Commercial
Revolution, and what was its
impact on Medieval Europe?
Three-Field System
Farm Farm
Fallow means left unfarmed
The Three-Field System
Could farmers yield more crops using half
of their land or two-thirds of their land?
The Guild
A group of individuals working together to
improve economic and social conditions for
its members
Wine makers
How to become a Master
Guild Summary
What is the purpose of a guild?
What is an example of a guild?
The Commercial Revolution
• The expansion of trade and business that
transformed Europe during the 16th and 17th
• Most trade took place in towns
Many serfs
left the manor and urban centers (cities)
increased in population
• Trade routes were re-established with the East
and North Africa
The Commercial Revolution
Commercial Revolution
What was the commercial Revolution?
Where did most of the trade take place?
What trade routes were re-established?
What do you think the increase in trade did
for towns?
The Revival of Learning
Muslim Connection
How did Europe re-establish a connection to
the East?
Greek philosophy and learning
What was the impact of the Commercial
Revolution on Medieval Europe?
Changes in Medieval Society
Test on Medieval Period Friday
Review on Thursday
Syllabus signed and returned on Friday!
England and France Develop
(14.3 – 14.4); AKS 37
EQ: What were the two major powers of
Europe coming out of the Medieval Period?
How did they become the major powers?
William the Conqueror
The Battle of Hastings (1066) – William,
The Duke of Normandy (part of Northern
France), invaded England
William was a Norman (Northman); a
descendent of the Vikings
In what battle did William conquer
What year?
William was the Duke of ____________?
Bayeux Tapestry
The Magna Carta
The Nobles of England forced King John to
sign in 1215
Protected the feudal rights of the Nobles at
Eventually, many argued that the Magna
Carta applied to all English Citizens
This is one of the influential documents of
Western Democratic Government
At first, the Magna Carta protected the
rights of what group?
The Magna Carta became a foundation
document of what U.S. documents?
Bubonic Plague
Effects of the Plague
Bubonic Plague of 1300’s
People thought it was
punishment from God;
Church prestige suffered
Town populations fell along
with European population
Peasant revolts demanding
higher wages
The Plague
Started with a headache
Then… back ache, nausea, vomiting, back pain, soreness
in his arms and legs
Within a day or two, the swellings appeared. They were
hard, painful, burning lumps on his neck, under his arms,
on his inner thighs. Soon they turned black, split open, and
began to ooze pus and blood. They may have grown to the
size of an orange.
Then it really gets ugly… the death within a week.
Warning… next slides are
Bubonic Plaque
What did people of Europe think caused the
Where did the Plague originate?
What were some of the effects of the
Write a story…
You are a serf in Medieval France. The
year is 1372 and the Plague has hit your
town. Explain why you think this is
happening, and how you think you might be
able to protect your family. Include as
many factual details as possible including
three effects of the Plague.
One Paragraph
The Great Schism of 1305 (The
Western Schism)
Main idea: was based on an argument over
who was the real Pope
Phillip IV of France persuaded the
Cardinals in France to elect a second Pope
Where is the original Pope?
Second Pope located in Avignon, France
Now there were two Popes!
Lasted for 69 years
EFFECT: Weakened the Papacy
What was the main effect of the Great
The Hundred Years’ War (1337 –
Between England and France
The King of England was a claimant to the
French thrown
Effects of the Hundred Years’
Ended Chivalry
England and France emerged as leading
powers in Europe
What caused the Hundred Years’ War?
What was the result?
EQ Review
What were the two major powers of Europe
coming out of the Medieval Period? How
did they become the major powers?

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