History of tourism with workshop

Report
THE HISTORY
OF
TOURISM
The word
-TOURISM comes from the Greek word
TORNOS which means a circular
move around a central point or
axis
-TOURIST –
17th century the word ‘tourist’
related to the young aristocratic
people who left for Italy or France
to continue studying
FIRST TRAVELS
Ancient times
 First travels appeared in the Ancient Egypt.
People travelled to take part in religious
celebrations or to admire huge pyramids
ANCIENT TIMES
Also religion was the reason why the Greek
travelled. Their destinations were the oracle of
Delphi or The Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens.
ANCIENT TIMES
 The situation in Rome was totally different. Developed roads inns helped
people travel. Theor safety was regulated by the law. They travelled because
of medical reasons as well as leisure. The most popular resorts wereBadenBaden, Nepal, Vichy
Baden Baden ruins
MEDIVAL
 Reason to travel: Religion
Renaissance – Great Travel
 Marco Polo – travel to China
Renaissance
Christopher Columbus. The discovery of America.
Renaissance
 The shortest way to India – Vasco de Gama
XVII and XVIII century
 Used horse carriages
XVII and XVIII century
 Development of climbing.
 The Mount Blanc was reached in 1786
Grienenwald
Michel-Gabriel Paccard
XVIII century
 Develop of health resorts.
SPA
VICHY
BADEN BADEN
XIX and XX century
 Introduce steam engine. First railway line.
XIX and XX century
 ORIENT EXPRESS
XIX and XX century
Development of international transport.
Mass production of cars by Henry Ford
XIX and XX century
 First motorway in Italy
First travel agency
Winter olimpic games
After World War II
Mediterranean Sea Basin
Ski tourism
After World War II
Country
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
France
United States
China
Spain
Italy
United Kingdom
Turkey
Germany
Malaysia
Mexico
Regional
market
Europe
Americas
Asia
Europe
Europe
Europe
Europe
Europe
Asia
Americas
International
tourism
arrivals
76,8 million
59,7 million
55,7 million
52,7 million
43,6 million
28,1 million
27 million
26,9 million
24,6 million
22,4 million
Country
Regional market
International
tourism
receipts
1
United States
Americas
103,5 billion
2
Spain
Europe
52,5 billion
3
France
Europe
46,3 billion
4
China
Asia
45,8 billion
5
Italy
Europe
38,8 billion
6
Germany
Europe
34,7 billion
7
United Kingdom
Europe
30,4 billion
8
Australia
Oceania
30,1 billion
9
Honk-Kong (China)
Asia
10
Turkey
Europe
23 billion
20,8 billion
Country
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Germany
United States
China
United Kingdom
France
Canada
Japan
Italy
Russia
Australia
Regional
market
Europe
Americas
Asia
Europe
Europe
Americas
Asia
Europe
Europe
Oceania
International
tourism
expenditures
77,7 billion
75,5 billion
58,9 billion
48,6 billion
39,4 billion
29,5 billion
27,9 billion
27,1 billion
26,5 billion
22,5 billion
TO BE
CONTINUED …
(in Italy)

similar documents