Chapter 19- World War II Review

Report
Chapter 19- World
War II
Review
{
alliance between Mussolini and Hitler
Rome-Berlin Axis
agreement between Hitler and Stalin
Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
no weapons or fortifications permitted
demilitarized
policy of satisfying reasonable demands in exchange for peace
appeasement
Hitler’s “lightning war,” using air-supported panzer divisions
blitzkrieg
site of Allies’ D-Day invasion
Normandy, France
the German air force
Luftwaffe
target of Japanese attack December 7, 1941
Pearl Harbor
leader of the German SS
Heinrich Himmler
crowded, designated containment or holding areas within cities for Jews
ghettos
Hitler’s largest extermination center in Poland
Auschwitz
the mass slaughter of European civilians, especially Jews
Holocaust
assembling and preparing for war
mobilization
“divine wind”
kamikaze
British name for German air raids
blitz
postwar ideological conflict between the United States and the USSR
Cold War
Hitler was confident that the Western states who had signed the
Treaty of _________ would not use force to maintain it.
Hitler was confident that the Western states who had signed the
Treaty of Versailles would not use force to maintain it.
Hitler demanded, and was given the ___________, an area in
northwestern Czechoslovakia.
Hitler demanded, and was given the Sudetenland, an area in
northwestern Czechoslovakia.
Great Britain’s policy of ____________ toward Germany was based
on the belief that the satisfaction of reasonable demands would
maintain peace in Europe.
Great Britain’s policy of appeasement toward Germany was based
on the belief that the satisfaction of reasonable demands would
maintain peace in Europe.
__________________ boasted that the Munich Conference meant
“peace for our time.”
Neville Chamberlain boasted that the Munich Conference meant
“peace for our time.”
Two days after Hitler’s invasion of ______, Britain and France
declared war on Germany.
Two days after Hitler’s invasion of Poland, Britain and France
declared war on Germany.
Hitler planned to conquer the ___________ in order to secure land
and Slavic slaves to strengthen the Reich.
Hitler planned to conquer the Soviet Union in order to secure land
and Slavic slaves to strengthen the Reich.
The Battle of _________ was a crushing defeat for Germany
because the entire German Sixth Army, considered the best of the
German troops, was lost.
The Battle of Stalingrad was a crushing defeat for Germany
because the entire German Sixth Army, considered the best of the
German troops, was lost.
In 1940, Japan was forced to decide which it needed more,
__________’s raw materials or ___ oil and scrap iron.
In 1940, Japan was forced to decide which it needed more,
Manchuria’s raw materials or U.S. oil and scrap iron.
Japan had conquered Southeast Asia during World War II using
the slogan “_______________”
Japan had conquered Southeast Asia during World War II using
the slogan “Asia for Asiatics.”
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on
the U.S. Pacific fleet at ___________.
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on
the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor.
The Battle of _______ Island was the turning point of the war in
the Pacific.
The Battle of Midway Island was the turning point of the war in
the Pacific.
In order to address labor shortages during the war, Japan brought
in _______ and _______ laborers.
In order to address labor shortages during the war, Japan brought
in Chinese and Korean laborers.
Truman wanted to avoid an invasion of _____ because he believed
that Americans would suffer heavy losses.
Truman wanted to avoid an invasion of Japan because he believed
that Americans would suffer heavy losses.
The slaughter of European civilians, particularly European Jews,
by the Nazis became known as the _________.
The slaughter of European civilians, particularly European Jews,
by the Nazis became known as the Holocaust.
The _____________ were special strike forces charged with the
task of rounding up and killing the Jews.
The Einsatzgruppen were special strike forces charged with the
task of rounding up and killing the Jews.
When the Einsatzgruppen proved to be too slow for the Nazis,
they built special extermination camps in ______.
When the Einsatzgruppen proved to be too slow for the Nazis,
they built special extermination camps in Poland.
Some people did not believe or acknowledge the full horrors of
Hitler’s slaughter of civilians for all of these reasons; World War I
___________ had exaggerated German atrocities, some people
pretended not to_____, and Allied forces chose to focus on
______________.
Some people did not believe or acknowledge the full horrors of
Hitler’s slaughter of civilians for all of these reasons; World War I
propaganda had exaggerated German atrocities, some people
pretended not to notice and Allied forces chose to focus on
winning the war.
At Yalta, the Big Three of the Grand Alliance included, _______
________, ___________________, & ____________.
At Yalta, the Big Three of the Grand Alliance included, Winston
Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, & Joseph Stalin.
At Yalta, the Big Three all insisted that Germany surrender
_____________.
At Yalta, the Big Three all insisted that Germany surrender
unconditionally.
At the Yalta Conference, the Allies agreed to the establishment of a
______________ organization after the war.
At the Yalta Conference, the Allies agreed to the establishment of a
United Nations organization after the war.
At the Tehran Conference, Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill agreed
to a _______ of postwar Germany.
At the Tehran Conference, Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill agreed
to a partition of postwar Germany.
At the Potsdam Conference, Truman demanded ___________
governments throughout Eastern Europe.
At the Potsdam Conference, Truman demanded freely elected
governments throughout Eastern Europe.
_____ wanted to create a buffer to protect the Soviet Union from
the West by creating satellite, pro-Soviet state governments.
Stalin wanted to create a buffer to protect the Soviet Union from
the West by creating satellite, pro-Soviet state governments.
The _________ was the period of political tension following World
War II.
The Cold War was the period of political tension following World
War II.

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