US History II Midterm Review

US History II
Midterm Review
Federal Government
Describe Amendments 110 (Bill of Rights)
1- freedom of speech, religion, press,
assembly, petition
2-right to bear arms
3- citizens do not have to house soldiers
4- search and seizure
5- double jeopardy, self-incrimination,
eminent domain, due process, grand jury
6- the accused have the right to a speedy and
public trial
7- right to a jury in civil cases (money or
8- no excessive bail or fines, no cruel or unusual
9-people have rights not listed in the
10-rights not listed in the Constitution belong
to the states
What does Amendment 22 state?
No person shall be elected to the
office of President more than
Explain the separation of
Powers of the government are
divided into three branches
Explain checks and balances.
A President’s veto of a bill passed
by Congress best illustrates this
What is a special session?
In a legislature, a special
session is a period when the
body convenes outside of the
normal legislative session.
Define impeachment.
The power of Congress to charge
an official with misbehaviors and
bring that person to trial for
removal from office.
How many electoral votes are
needed to become president?
What is the job of the Executive
To enforce laws
What is the total number of
amendments to the Constitution?
How many members are in the
House of Representatives?
How many members were in the
What is the job of the Legislative
To make laws
What is the cabinet?
Name of the fifteen advisors to
the president
What is the job of the Judicial
To interpret laws and settle
State, County and Local
Who succeeds the governor to
Lieutenant Governor
Who appoints state officials?
Who approves the governor’s
How many legislative districts
are in NJ?
Who receives sample ballots?
Registered voters
World War II
Who was Stalin?
Soviet dictator who transformed
the Soviet Union from a rural
nation into an industrial power
Describe the Holocaust.
The genocide (deliberate
extermination of a specific group
of people) of Jews and other
groups in Europe by the Nazis
before and during WWII
Why did the US enter WWII?
Japan bombed Pearl Harbor
Why were Japanese Americans
placed in internment camps?
Because of anti-Japanese
sentiment (prejudice)
Who were the WAACs and what
were their jobs?
Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps
– nurses, radio operators,
ambulance drivers
What was the Battle of the
Last German offensive, Germany
What happened on V-E
Day/May 8, 1945?
Germany surrendered
What was Germany’s goal in the
Battle of the Atlantic?
Germany’s goal was to keep food
and war supplies from reaching
Great Britain and the Soviet
What was the GI Bill of Rights?
The federal government paid for veterans to go
to college or technical school, gave them loans
to buy homes, farms, and businesses
Korematsu vs. US
Supreme Court upheld the
government’s practice of placing
Japanese Americans in
internment camps
What was the Manhattan
Plan to develop the atomic bomb
What were the two cities where
the atomic bomb was dropped?
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
What was Operation Torch?
Code name for Allied invasion of
North Africa
Which president served more
than two terms?
What was the battle in the Pacific
where Japan’s navy was
essentially knocked out of the
Leyte Gulf

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