Chapter 7 Lesson 4

Chapter 7 Lesson 4
The Female Reproductive System
The Female Reproductive System
Three main Functions
- Stores and releases female reproductive
cells called eggs
- System allows fertilization to take place
- Nourishes and protects the developing
child until birth
The Female Reproductive System
Ovaries – Female reproductive glands.
- Produce Estrogen
- hormone that regulates
female sexual development
Fallopian Tube
Egg travels from fallopian tube to uterus
Fertilized egg becomes implanted. The
pear shaped organ where child developes
Lining of the uterus
• Opening at the bottom of the Uterus
• Muscular passageway leading from the
uterus to the outside of the body
• Once puberty begins, the ovaries star to
release a single mature egg (ovulation)
• At same time lining of the uterus thickens
• If fertilization – egg implants
• If no fertilization – egg shed along with
thickened lining (menstruation)
• Happens about every 28 days – last 5-7
• Sperm entering the vagina travel to the
fallopian tubes
• Fertilization takes place I the fallopian tube
when male sperm cell and female cell
• Egg then moves from fallopian tube to
uterus and implants
Caring for the Reproductive
• Shower or bath daily (keeping clean
especially important during menstruation)
• Regular check ups with gynecologist
• Monthly breast exams to check for
unusual lumps
• Keep record of your menstrual cycle, to
make sure it does not become irregular
Problems of the Female
Reproductive System
• Premenstrual syndrome – (PMS) – May cause
physical and emotional changes
– Headaches, breast tenderness, irritability
– May be mild or severe
Toxic Shock Syndrome – Rare Bacterial infection linked
to use of tampons
- high fever, rash and vomiting, death if not treated
- Avoid using high absorbent tampons and change
every 4 hours or more
Problems of the Female
Reproductive System
• Infertility – Being unable to produce
• Vaginitis – Vaginal infection, causing
itching, pain
• Cancer – Can affect breasts, ovaries
uterus, or cervix

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