Integrating Care after Trauma: The Chardon School Response

National Federation of Families for Children’s Mental
Jim Adams, CEO, CBHE
Geauga County Board of Mental Health And Recovery Services
November 22, 2014
A Quick Quiz…
What percent of all youth homicides happen at school in any given year?
 A. 14% B.21% C. 10% D. none of the above
Multiple shooting deaths at school have increased over the past twenty
years? True or False
What percent of high school students were threatened or injured with a
weapon on school property in 2011?
A. 8% B. 18% C. 23% D. 48%
Individuals that commit acts of violence on school grounds with a gun, give
some indication of their intentions to other individuals….
A. 20% B. 40% C. 50% D. 75% …of the time.
Quick access to social media today by students is…
A. A good thing. B. A bad thing.
Just the Facts as Reported:
 February 27, 2012, at approximately 7:30 a.m.
 Shooting occurred in the cafeteria of Chardon
High School, Chardon, Ohio
 One Shooter, no accomplices, 22 caliber
handgun – taken from a family member’s house
 Six victims shot within 38 seconds, three were
declared dead within days, one treated at the
scene, two admitted to separate hospitals.
 Of the two hospitalized victims that survived,
one was discharged after several days, one is
permanently paralyzed.
Parents and children are reunited
at a different Chardon School.
Cell phones fail. Parents can not reach kids being held inside at the middle
school. Mental Health professionals help to unite families and begin providing
trauma and grief support.
The mother of the female victim does not learn of her daughter’s injuries until
she is told while waiting in line.
A look at the Facts:
 School shootings are VERY rare.
 Shootings occur most often on the first day of the
school week, often at the beginning of the semester
Weapons used in school shootings are most often
taken from a family member or friend’s house
At Columbine High School the two perpetrators had
successfully completed an early intervention
program for at-risk youth
At Chardon High School, the lone shooter had
posted images of himself with weapons on the
School shootings are VERY rare.
Risk factors for violence…
Including Violence to Self…
History of violence
Inadequate leisure activity
Problems at work or school
Changes in Eating Patterns, Sleeping Patterns
Comments about causing harm to self or others
Giving away prized possessions
Recent loss or traumatic experience
Risk Factors vs. Protective Factors:
 Risk Factor:
Low parental involvement
Lack of appropriate free time
Poor Commitment to School
Neighborhood Crime and
Low Support from local
 Protective Factor:
Up to 3 relationships with
trusted adults.
Availability of community
resources, e.g. parks,
Perception of reward and
expectation of school
Community Celebrates
(From Search Institute –
Developmental Assets)
Predicting Violence:
*Is an individual with a mental illness more likely to commit
1. More likely to be a victim
2. Increase chance if untreated, with a co-occurring
substance abuse diagnosis
3. Federal definition of violent crimes: murder,
robbery, rape, assault
4. Individuals with untreated mental illness and
substance abuse = 4% -5%, same as general
Predicting Low Probably Base Rate Events
Virtually Impossible! Due to the extremely low
Clinicians tend to over predict
Risk Factors can be mitigated with Assets
…”when the incidence of any form of violence is very low and a very
large number of people have identifiable risk factors, there is no reliable way to pick out
from that large group the very few who will actually commit the violent act.” FBI
The ACE Study: How Does Trauma Impact
Children and Adults?
What you need to know!
 Survey to Study relationship between
childhood trauma, and physical and
mental health issues in adults.
 Over 17,000 responses.
 Findings showed the relationship
between trauma or stress in childhood
experiences and social, emotional, or
cognitive impairment.
 Examples: Increased risk of unhealthy
behaviors, risk of violence or revictimization, disease, disability and
“early death.”
What are the factors?
 1.
Recurrent physical abuse
 2.
Recurrent emotional abuse
 3.
Contact sexual abuse
 4.
An alcohol and/or drug abuser in the household
 5.
An incarcerated household member
 6.
Family member who is chronically depressed, mentally ill,
institutionalized, or suicidal
 7.
Mother is treated violently
 8.
One or no parents
 9.
Physical neglect
 10.
Emotional neglect
Things to remember:
Trauma is often a community
 Some of the first calls into the
24 hour Mental Health Crisis
line were from war veterans.
 Every school district had a
threat of some type.
 Family and extended family
are scattered throughout the
 Children play ball, go to
camp, go to church, with the
victims, even if they aren’t in
the same school.
Different people, different
 Individuals with severe and
persistent mental illness were
having devastating
 Young children were also
afraid to go back to school.
 First responders had a vast
array of personal reaction.
 Teachers who had the
shooter and victims in the
past experienced guilt and
 The community mourns.
Utilization of Services
Increases –
CBITS identifies 23% of students in
the High School at time of
shooting at risk of significant
mental health problems.
Columbine identified 15% at
Some students just
Increase in Psychiatric Residential
Treatment Facility use for
Chardon students doubled in
just 2 years.
About 33% of school staff did
not return after the first year.
Chardon students represent 50% of
all residential placements, but
comprise only 24% of total
student population.
Some first responders did not
return to work.
Social Media:
*Facebook and social media
sites begin to emerge, set
up by students. A vigil is
held the evening of the
shooting on Chardon
Square, facilitated solely
by social media.
*Social Service Agencies
like United Way, Mental
Health, 211, law
enforcement, are
inundated with calls.
 Cell and hard line phone
systems fail in an
 Students monitor social
media in all settings.
 Schools are establishing “see
something, say something”
 What is school policy on cell
phone use during school
 Is your school monitoring
social media sites?
What a Continuum Looks Like…
 Youth Mental Health First
Suicide Prevention
Cognitive Behavioral
Intervention for Trauma in
Trauma Informed Care
Crisis Intervention Training
Peer to Peer, Family to
Family, Parents and
Teachers as Allies
Single Most Common Theme Brought
up By Counseling Clients After a
Traumatic Event:
Issues of Faith
We are still learning…
 Contact Us At:
 Jim Adams, CEO
 Geauga County Board of
Mental Health &
Recovery Services
13244 Ravenna Road
Chardon, Ohio 44024
[email protected]
(440) 285-2282
Geauga County Courthouse, Chardon, Ohio
February 27, 2012

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