Ken Robuck - Energy Solutions

Report
Reactor Decommissioning
Marketplace Perspective
Ken Robuck – Decommissioning Focus & Commitment
President - Logistics, Processing and Disposal (LP&D)
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EnergySolutions D&D Commitment
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EnergySolutions is growing and committed to
supporting the commercial nuclear industry
Commercial nuclear D&D is our
#1 “Strategic Initiative” for the future
We are expanding our resources and committing
to the future
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EnergySolutions D&D Team
Ken Robuck
John Sauger
Operations
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Tom Nauman
Business
Development
John Hess
Commercial
Our EnergySolutions leadership team brings over 50
combined-years of direct hands-on D&D experience
Our D&D projects include:
 SONGS
 Zion
 Fukushima Daiichi
 Maine Yankee
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 Big Rock
 LaCrosse
 Connecticut Yankee
 TMI-2
 Humboldt Bay
 Fort St. Vrain
 Saxton
 Millstone-1
 Dresden-1
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D&D Market Overview
Tom Nauman
Senior VP of D&D Business Development
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Decommissioning Strategic Initiative
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EnergySolutions for the last 20-plus years has been a leader in D&D
 From Fort St. Vrain to San Onofre … EnergySolutions has delivered
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EnergySolutions has been a reliable partner to our clients and the future of
nuclear power hangs in the balance of successful D&D
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EnergySolutions is committed to Safety and Environmental Stewardship
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We need to “End with the Start in Mind”
Earning the trust of all stakeholders is key to success
EnergySolutions is uniquely committed to making the investments necessary
to be positioned for the upcoming wave of D&D projects. Examples include:
 Waste Management, Transportation, & Disposal Infrastructure
 Having the resources necessary to provide Technical “Solutions”
 Providing the capital commitment to remove financial barriers
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Key Nuclear Statistics (January 2015)
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30 NRC regulated reactors in the US have entered into D&D
 12 Units have completed DECON
 6 Units - DECON is underway or beginning (Includes SONGS 2&3)
 12 Units are in SAFSTOR (Including VY, Kewanee & Crystal River)
30 countries worldwide are operating 437 nuclear reactors for electricity
generation and 71 new nuclear plants are under construction in 15
countries
License renewal: 75 reactors have received 20-year license renewals to
operate for a total of 60 years, 25 reactors have applied for or
announced intentions to renew their licenses for another 20 years.
Average D&D costs per unit have increased significantly to a range
exceeding $1B/unit (inclusive of associated fuel and site restoration
costs)
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Current Domestic D&D Active Projects
Over the past 18 months, 5 commercial nuclear reactors have entered
the initial D&D process and 4 units are continuing active DECON activities
Vermont Yankee
LaCrosse
Kewaunee
Humboldt Bay
Zion 1 & 2
San Onofre
Crystal River
Active DECON projects (Humboldt Bay, Lacrosse, and Zion 1&2)
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Newly Retired Units Entering SAFSTOR (Crystal River , Kewanee & Vermont Yankee)
Newly Retired Units DECON D&D Op’s Contract “DOC” Under Development” (SONGS 2/3)
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International Commercial Nuclear
D&D Amenable Market
International Commercial Nuclear
D&D Market ($B)
2015 to 2025
Total $ Billions*
United
States
$13.5
$29.0
Projected International Commercial
D&D Market Growth ($B)
Europe
$18.7
$131
$150
$89
$100
$58
Asia Pacific
$20.3
$27
$50
$21.5
$18
UK
Russia
$0
2015 2020 2025 2030 2035
Approximately half of the world’s nuclear reactors are expected to be closed by
2030, creating a substantial market for the commercial nuclear reactor
decommissioning industry in the years to come, states a new report from business
intelligence experts GlobalData.
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Domestic Commercial Nuclear D&D
Amenable Market
Plants Actively Pursuing DECON or
Entering SAFSTOR
2015
2015 Domestic Commercial
D&D Market
Total $ Billions*
SONGS
$53
$60
Crystal River
$0.6 $0.1
Kewanee
$1.2
$1.0
$1.0
$4.3
Vermont
Yankee
$50
$37
$40
$23
$30
$20
Humboldt
Bay
$10
LaCrosse
$0
$8
$10
2015 2020 2025 2030 2035
* Estimates include Spent Fuel Management Costs
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License Stewardship “Zion Model”
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What is the Zion D&D model and why is it a good for the
Industry…and ES?
D&D is not a typical Utility core competency
Transfer risk for D&D – one contracting entity to carry the risk
SAFSTOR is not a low risk model
Disposal space is finite
Regulatory baselines can change (Fukushima)
Plants continue to need managing – cost money
Stakeholders do not like multi-generational “mothballing” the problem
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We have proved accelerated cleanup can be achieved at lower cost
The business model is good for ES. It provides a long term project
backlog and early waste management and disposal
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Zion Model D&D -“Different by Design”
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EnergySolutions acquired the Zion plant on September 1, 2010
10 CFR 50 Licenses transferred from Exelon to ZionSolutions
NDT funds transferred to ES/ZS Trustee
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10-Year Maximum Completion Schedule
12-14 years earlier than Exelon’s previous schedule
Current plan is to finish in 8-9 years
Exelon’s
Schedule
ZionSolutions’
Schedule
D&D Planning Start
2013
2010
D&D Operations Start
~2015
2010
Site Restoration Complete
2032
2020 2019
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Zion Project Update
John Sauger
Executive VP of D&D Operations
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Zion Project Status
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Key Project Status & Overview
 ISFSI and Spent Fuel Campaign
 Reactor Vessel Internal
Segmentation
 License Termination Plan
Development and Submittal
 Schedule & Upcoming Major
Milestones
 Cost Projection Update
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Zion ISFSI
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Industry record setting
cask loading campaign (61
casks in 52 weeks)
Largest Decommissioned
site ISFSI in the US to date
Extra effort (fuel bale
repairs) expended to
ensure ultimate
compliance with TBD
Department of Energy
requirements
First modern D&D ISFSI
Security command center
to be accepted by NRC
Zion Fuel Transfer Team - January 10, 2015
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Reactor Vessel Internals Segmentation
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Reactor Vessel Internals Segmentation
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Mechanical cutting completed in both Reactor Vessels.
 Utilized mechanical cutting to avoid significant secondary waste
creation and eliminate the significant radiological concerns
experienced in previous D&D projects
 Lessons learned and experience to provide benefit to future D&D
projects
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Most cost effective vessel internal segmentation project to date
 Optimized cutting and waste loading campaign to minimize class B&C
waste costs
 Worked both units in parallel to stay off of critical path and not
interfere with Spent fuel loading
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Setting up for innovative reactor vessel segmentation project that
will allow for gondola car transportation of vessel and Class A
disposal at Clive
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License Termination Plan Submittal
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The Draft Zion License Termination Plan was finished and submitted
to the NRC in December 2014
End State Conditions Include:
 Lake Intake and Discharge Piping abandoned in place
 All Class A,B & C waste disposed off site
 Spent Fuel & GTCC in Dry Storage on ISFSI
 ISFSI, switchyard, roads, rail & fences remain
 Land restored to allow unrestricted use of the site IAW NRC criteria
with the exception of the ISFSI
 All structures removed to 3 ft below grade
 The NRC License revised for ISFSI only and transferred back to Exelon
 Land returned to Exelon for future beneficial re-use
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Zion Project: Schedule Update
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Schedule Update per Exelon Agreement: Major Milestones
Include:
 Completion of ISFSI (Complete)
 Completion of Reactor Vessel Segmentation (Complete)
 Completion of Major Component Removal Projects (In Progress)
 Submittal of approval of LTP (Complete)
 Completion of Radiological DECON (2018)
 Completion of Final Site Survey (FSS) (2018)
 Completion of Site Restoration (2019)
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