The Future Tense

Report
You need to use the Future Tense to help you
achieve a Grade C and above.
There are 2 future tenses in Spanish, as there are in English…
I will…(do something)
I am going to …(do something)
Read through this Powerpoint, write notes into your exercise
book and complete all of the exercises.
The Near Future
The near future allows you to talk about the future using the structure “ir + infinitive”.
It is the English equivalent of “I am going to…”
These are the parts of ‘ir’ = to go….
Person
The part of ‘Ir’
I
You (singular)
He/she/it
We
You (plural)
They
Voy
Vas
Va
Vamos
Vais
Van
EXAMPLES….
1. Voy a jugar al fútbol
2. Va a jugar al fútbol
3. Vamos a estudiar el arte
4. Van a estudiar el arte
=
=
=
=
+
the infinitive (a whole verb)
(eg. comer = to eat)
I am going to play football
he / she is going to play football
we are going to study art
they are going to study art
¡A practicar!
Translate the sentences into Spanish using
the FUTURE tense
1. I’m going to write a letter_________________________________________
2. He is going to play football ________________________________________
3. We are going to listen to music ____________________________________
4. Are you (sing.) going to watch television? ____________________________
5. They are going to eat paella. _______________________________________
6. I am going to go to university _______________________________________
7. She is going to study Spanish _______________________________________
8. It is going to be fun _______________________________________________
9. We are going to travel by plane _____________________________________
10. I am going to eat more vegetables __________________________________
¡A practicar!
Translate the sentences into English
1. Voy a hablar con mi profesor_________________________________________
2. Va a comprar un coche nuevo________________________________________
3. Vamos a celebrar tu cumpleaños______________________________________
4. ¿Qué vas a hacer después de tus examenes?____________________________
5. Van a mandar mensajes ____________________________________________
6. Voy a escribir una carta_____________________________________________
7. Ella va a trabajar en un teatro________________________________________
8. Voy a leer un libro en francés ________________________________________
9. Vamos a beber una botella de agua____________________________________
10. Va a ser una experiencia maravillosa__________________________________
Simple Future
The simple future allows you to talk about what you will do in the future.
This is an easy tense to remember as the same endings get added to all the infinitives.
Person
Whole verb ending in -ar-er-ir
I
You (singular)
He/she/it
We
You (plural)
They
whole verb + -é
whole verb + -ás
whole verb + -á
whole verb + -emos
whole verb + -éis
whole verb + -an
Estudiar = the whole verb (to study) then add the appropriate ending
EXAMPLES….
1. Estudiaré el chino
=
2. Viajará por todo el mundo =
3. Trabajaremos con niños =
4. Verán una película en español
I will study Chinese
He / she will travel around the world
We will work with children
=
they will watch a Spanish film
¡A practicar!
Translate the sentences into Spanish using
the FUTURE tense
So, look up the verb ‘to talk’ and add the appropriate ending for ‘her’
1. I will talk to my sister. _____________________________________________
2. He will study Spanish. _____________________________________________
3. We will go to Mexico. _____________________________________________
4. Will you (sing.) live in England? _____________________________________
5. They will drink wine.______________________________________________
6. I will probably stay at Arnold. _______________________________________
7. I think I will look for a job as a nurse. _________________________________
8. I will live in Blackpool forever._______________________________________
9. Anis and Bliss will get married (casarse) in ten years.
_________________________________________________________________
10. Fiona will perhaps live in Spain. (quizás = perhaps)
_________________________________________________________________
¡A practicar!
Translate the sentences into English
TO HELP: Work backwards! Look at the ending to identify the person, then remove
the ending to find the verb
1. Iré a Francia para las vacaciones_____________________________________
2. Vivirá con su abuela ______________________________________________
3. Cantarán una canción de JLS________________________________________
4. Beberemos mucho _______________________________________________
5. Compraré unos regalos para mis amigos_______________________________
6. ¿Visitarás al museo Prado en Madrid?_________________________________
7. Buscaré trabajo como periodista _____________________________________
8. Me levantaré a las 5.30 – qué horror_______________________________________
9. En dos años terminaré mis Alevels _________________________________________
10. En el futuro descancarán más ___________________________________________
There are, however, some irregular verbs:
Write them down in your book
.
Poner = to put
yo pondré = I will put
Haber = to be (used
with weather)
habrá = it will be
Decir = to say
yo diré = I will say
Salir = to go out
Hacer = to do / make
yo saldré = I will go out yo haré = I will do /
make
Poder = to be able to
Tener = to have
yo podré = I will be able
yo tendré = I will have
to
Querer = to want / love
yo querré = I will want /
love
Venir = to come
yo vendré = I will come
Saber = to know
yo sabré = I will know
TRANSLATE: this is a mixtures of the two future tenses!
El Futuro Inmediato
El Futuro
Simple
1.
I am going to play
11.
I will play
2.
You (s) are going to live
12.
You (s) will live
3.
We are going to read
13.
We will read
4.
They are going to make
14.
They will make
5.
You (pl) are going to be
15.
You (pl) will be
6.
He is going to have
16.
He will have
7.
I am going to listen
17.
I will listen
8.
We are going to write
18.
We will write
9.
They are going to study
19.
They will study
10.
You (s) are going to travel
20.
You will travel

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