Unit 5 Review

Unit 5 Review
A More Perfect Union
 Which
is likely the most valuable
leadership quality for a Supreme
Court chief justice, such as John
Question 1
 An
ability to discuss issues
logically and make wellreasoned arguments
Answer 1
Place the following events in order:
*Thomas Jefferson becomes president
*John Adams becomes president
*George Washington becomes first
*John Marshall is appointed chief justice
Question 2
George Washington becomes first
II. John Adams becomes president.
III. John Marshall is appointed chief justice.
IV. Thomas Jefferson becomes president.
Answer 2
 The
Constitutional Era is
characterized by which of the
Question 3
 Philosophical
differences and
compromises in forming the new
Answer 3
 The
Constitution describes a
government with powers divided
between the national
government and state
governments. This constitutional
principle is known as what?
Question 4
 Federalism
Answer 4
 What
is a grievance?
Question 5
formal complaint
Answer 5
 Which
democratic principle of
the Constitution allows people to
create, change, or alter
Questions 6
 Popular
Answer 6
 What
is the Great Compromise
of 1787?
Question 7
The House of Representatives is chosen
by the people and the number of
representatives is based on the state’s
 Each state will have 2 Senators chosen by
the legislature of the state.
Answer 7
A system of government in which people
elect lawmakers is called
Question 8
Answer 8
What was the framers intent for
developing a process to amend the
Question 9
Allow flexibility for social and
governmental changes over time
Answer 9
Dividing the roles of government into 3
branches, Executive, Legislative, and
Judicial is called
Question 10
Separation of Powers
Answer 10
When each of the 3 branches of
government has a little control, or check,
on the other 2 branches this is called-
Question 11
Checks and Balances
Answer 11
How can an amendment be add to the US
Question 12
2/3 of both houses of Congress propose
the amendment and ¾ of the states ratify
the amendment.
Answer 12
The first 10 amendments to the U.S.
Constitution were intended to protect the
rights of individuals from potential abuses
Question 13
The federal government
Answer 13
Give an example of how the Executive
Branch checks and balances the
Legislative Branch.
Question 14
The president may veto a bill.
Answer 14
Give an example of how the Judicial
Branch checks and balances the Executive
Question 15
The Supreme Court may determine
actions unconstitutional.
Answer 15
Give an example of how federalism works
Question 16
A new amendment is being proposed from
Congress and voted from the states.
Answer 16
Amendment 1: freedom of religion, speech, press
Amendment 2: right to keep and bear arms
Amendment 3: protection from having soldiers camped in
your house
Amendment 4: protection from unreasonable search and
Amendment 5: right to due process of law
Amendment 6: right to a trial by jury for criminals, speedy
Amendment 7: right to a trial by jury for civil affairs
Amendment 8: freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
Amendment 9: protection of other rights not listed in the Bill
of Rights
Amendment 10: power of the states – states and citizens
retain powers not given to the federal government
Bill of Rights

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