Domestic Service in the South and the Montgomery

Report
Rosa Parks Booked
for Arrest
http://www.prlog.org/11427765-rosa-parks-montgomery-bus-boycott.html
DOMESTIC SERVICE IN THE SOUTH
 Domestic Workers work within the employers home.
 Jobs include cooking, cleaning, care for children, ironing,, laundry,
running errands, etc.
 During the Post Slavery Period, “In the eyes of the former slaveholders,
"domestic service" must have been a courteous term for a contemptible
occupation not a half-step away from slavery.”
 The buses in Montgomery served each day as many as 40,000 blacks
and 12,000 whites
 First ten seats of every bus were reserved for white riders
 Last 26 seats were reserved for blacks
HOW MANY OF THE DOMESTIC
WORKERS WERE BUS RIDERS AND
LATER BECAME FREEDOM WALKERS?
http://eblackstudies.org/intro/chapter11.htm
Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott by Russell Freedman
BEFORE ROSA PARKS
 Jo Ann Robinson, educator and civil rights activist
 Verbally attacked by bus driver Christmas 1949
 Printed 35,000 handbills for the Bus Boycott when Rosa
Parks was arrested; helped deliver them
 1950’s elected president of the WPC (Women’s Political
Council)
http://www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/robinson-jo-ann-1912-1992
 Sixteen-year-old Edwina Johnson and her brother Marshall
 Arrested for sitting on a bus next to a white man and boy and refusing to move
 Spent two days in jail
Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott by Russell Freedman





Claudette Colvin, teenager
An A student at Booker T. Washington High
March 2, 1955
Sent to jail for refusing to give up her seat
Charged for violating segregation laws, assault, battery,
resisting arrest
Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott by Russell Freedman
BEFORE ROSA PARKS
 Mary Louise Smith
 18 years-old at the time
 Arrested when she refused to move to the back
of the bus
 After being asked three times by the bus driver
she said, “I am not going to move out of my
seat. I am not going to move anywhere. I got
the privilege to sit here like anybody else does.”
 Pleaded guilty; fined $5
http://www.riversofchange.org/women_smith.html#
Freedom Walkers: The Story of the Montgomery Bus Boycott by Russell Freedman
TWO MONTHS LATER ON DECEMBER 1, 1955…
THE FAMOUS ROSA PARKS
“People always say that I didn't give up my seat because
I was tired,” Rosa Parks wrote in her autobiography,
“but that isn't true. I was not tired physically, or no
more tired than I usually was at the end of a working
day. I was not old, although some people have an
image of me as being old then. I was forty-two. No, the
only tired I was, was tired of giving in.”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8A9gvb5Fh0
Watch-Learn-Share
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE
MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT?
 December 1, 1955 Famous Rosa Parks Arrest
 Bus Boycott ended in December 1956
 Bus Boycott was lead by Martin Luther King Jr.
 Bus Boycott lead to the Freedom Walkers
 Freedom Riders and Sit-ins followed in a number of Southern States
 February 1, 1960 First anti-segregation sit-in at Woolworths’ whites-only
lunch-counter in Greensboro, North Carolina was lead by four black
college students
 May 4, 1961 First Freedom Riders – seven blacks and six whites tested
equal access to services at bus terminals from Washington DC to New
Orleans
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE
MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT?
Seated, left to right, are Joan Trumpauer
(now Mulholland), and Anne Moody
(Coming of Age in Mississippi). Anne is
now 71 years old. She lives in New York,
has one daughter and does not grant
interviews. She works for a poverty
program in the city.
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE
MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT?
Left, David Richmond, Franklin McCain, Ezell
Blair, and Joseph McNeil
Above right, Matthew Walker, Peggy Alexander, Diane Nash and Stanley Hemphill
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE
MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT?
Above, John Lewis, O.D.
Hunt, and Dennis
Gregory Foote, after their
arrest at a downtown
lunch counter. Right,
students who were also
arrested.
Fisk University
student Jean Wynona
Fleming
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE
MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT?
Gasping for breath, James Bevel and John Lewis are trapped
inside a Nashville restaurant filled with insecticide gas when the
manager turns on a fumigating machine to disrupt a sit-in.
DO YOU REALLY KNOW ABOUT THE
MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT?
 Sit-in images were taken from: http://www.crmvet.org/images/imgcoll.htm
 Freedom Rider Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d8CAKAXR-AM
THINK–REFLECT-LISTEN-SHARE
Music: http://www.folkways.si.edu/albumdetails.aspx?itemid=1071

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