Smart Grid Roadmap_ISGTF_NS Sodha

Report
Smart Grid Vision
and
Road Map for India
Presented by
Shri N S Sodha
Executive Director, POWERGRID
Head, ISGTF Secretariat
1
Smart Grid Environment
Multi-directional
‘flows’
Central & dispersed
sources
PHEV usage
EHV transmission blocks
End-consumer real time
Information & participation
Seamless integration
of new applications
Central &
dispersed
intelligence
Smart materials and
power electronics
2
Relevance of Smart Grid in India
Power system in India
has roughly doubled in
last decade, growing at
8-10%/yr
Generation installed
capacity of 215 GW, 4th
largest in World
“No access” to
electricity for 30%
Indians
Per-capita consumption is
just one-fourth of World
average, tendency to
grow rapidly due to
electrification
Demand by 2032 is
estimated above 900
GW.
12th Plan target for RE
generation is 36 GW.
Current 12% share of RE
will be > 20% by 2020.
National Mission on
Electric Mobility: target
of 6 Million EVs by 2020
An increased share of
RE requires smarter
systems to manage it
efficiently, and ensure
its stability & reliability
3
Smart Grid for India
Stakeholder Expectations
Quality “Power for All”
• Improve reliability of supply
to all customers – no power
cuts!
• Improve quality of supply –
no more voltage stabilizers!
• User friendly and
transparent interface with
utilities
• Increased choices of service
and tariff etc
• Reduction of AT&C
losses in all utilities to
15% or below
• Peak load management
• Reduction in power
purchase cost
• Better asset
management
• Increased grid visibility
• Self healing
• Renewable integration
Customers
Utilities
•
• Satisfied customers
• Financially sound utilities
• Tariff neutral system
upgrade and
modernization
• Reduction in emission
intensity
Government
& Regulators
4
Smart Grid Priorities for India
No more power
cuts, Prosumer
enablement
Reduce AT&C
losses, improve
QoS
Manage peak
power,
Demand
Response, EV
proliferation
Integrate
Renewables/
Distributed
Generation
efficiently
5
India as Part of Global Smart Grid
Activities
CIGRE
ISGAN
Global Smart Grid Federation
ADB Regional Task Force on Smart Grid
Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP) 2.0​
6
Need for a Roadmap
Smart Grids: Journey from present state of grid towards adding a set of smarter
systems/applications aligned with business priorities of each utility
Successful transformation: detailed planning & development of an implementation
methodology
• Processes/ Selection of technologies & standards/Resources requirements
• Capacity building programs for all Stakeholders
Preparedness: APDRP, R-APDRP & RGGVY launched by GoI experience indicates
adequate preparation for utilities & industries involved in terms of capacity building is
required
Roadmap for implementation of Smart Grids will help all stakeholders which could
ensure completion of projects in planned timelines
7
Smart Grid Roadmap in Other Countries
USA
• Smart Grid Drivers- Emission Reduction , DR, Grid Security, 80% RE & 100%
Customer participation by 2035
• Investment: $4.3 billion/ varied across states
UK
• Formulated 40 year route map with SG drivers as Carbon Reduction, Energy
Security, affordability & economic competitiveness
• Investment: 10 B Pounds for 2010-2020
China
• covering 8 Domains, 28 areas Drivers: emission reduction, EE, RE integration, EV,
Export of power
• Investment: $ 7.5 B in 2010 for pilots
• quality, reliability, optimal usage and cost-efficiency
Canada • Investment: $1.2 B from 2011-13
Australia
• reducing peak load, improving efficiency, accommodating future growth in EV
• Investment: $100M from 2008–2012
8
Smart Grid Pilots in India
• Smart Grid initiatives started at
various Energy Distribution Utilities
MoP – Ministry of Power
• AMI is the functionality opted by
• most of the utilities
13
14
12
10
10
8
7
6
4
3
2
0
PQM
AMI
OM
PQM- Power quality management
AMI- Advanced metering infrastructure
OM- Outage management
PLM- Peak load management
PLM
--- MoP Approved Smart Grid Pilots
Current Status of Smart Grid in India
• Smart Grid initiatives started at various Energy Distribution
Utilities
– Smart Grid pilots sanctioned (MoP)- 14
– Pilots expected to help with technology selection, establish business
case & build regulatory environment for implementing larger SG
projects in future
• Indigenous development of low cost smart meters
– mass roll-out for low volume consumers
– specifications are being formulated and the strategy for
implementation is nearing finalization
•
India Smart Grid Knowledge Portal
– Developed to serve as an effective collaboration and knowledge
dissemination platform for all stakeholders
10
Smart Grid Mission for India
“Quality Power on Demand for All by 2027”
Smart Grid Vision for India
Transform Indian power sector into a secure,
adaptive, sustainable and digitally enabled
ecosystem by 2027 that provides reliable and
quality energy for all with active participation of
stakeholders.
11
2027
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Quality Power for all
Electrification of 100% households
24x7 quality supply on demand to all citizens
Technology trials through smart grid pilots
DISTRIBUTION
Full rollout of smart grids in pilot areas
National wide smart grid deployments
Availability of indigenous smart meter
AMI rollout of all consumers with load > 20kW
AMI rollout of all consumers with load > 2kW
National optical fibre network
Reduce AT&C losses to below 15%
Reduce AT&C losses to below 10%
Utility specific roadmaps
Capacity building programs
Microgrids in 200 villages
Microgrids in 1000 villages
2027
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Visibility and control of grid b/w all sources of production and consumption
TRANSMISSION
Larger number of PMUs on the transmission network
Custom made PMU analytics
50,000Kms OPGW cable installed over transmission lines
Reduce transmission losses to below 3.5%
Reduce transmission losses to below 2.5%
Renewable integration upto 30GW
Renewable integration upto 80GW
Renewable integration upto 130GW
13
2027
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Policy, Standards and Regulations
Finalization of norms for cyber-security
Dynamic tariffs, Feed in tariffs
Policies supporting mandatory roof top solar generation
Promoting data standards in all domains of smart grids
EV charging facilities
Demand Response ready appliances
14
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
DISTRIBUTION:
Mandatory roof top solar power generation
• for large establishments with connected load >20Kw
EV charging facilities
• At available consumer spaces
• Quick/fast charging facilities in fuel stations
Microgrids
• 200 villages by 2017
• 1000 villages by 2022
• To ensure minimum 8 hrs of electric supply
15
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Appropriate policies and programs to provide access for
electricity for all
• Life line supply (to be defined) by 2015
• Electrification of 100% households by 2017
• 24x7 quality supply on demand to all citizens by 2027
Integrated technology trials
• Through a set of smart grid pilot projects by 2015
• Based on Outcome of Pilots, full rollout of smart grids in pilot project
areas by 2017 in urban areas (to be defined) by 2022
• Nationwide deployment by 2027
16
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Availability of an indigenous smart meter by
2014
• AMI roll out for all customers with load > 20 KW by 2017
• with load > 10 KW by 2022
• for all consumers by 2027
Formulation of effective customer outreach and
communication programs
• for active involvement of consumers in the smart grid
implementation
17
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Utility specific strategic roadmap(s)
• Required business process reengineering, change management
and capacity building programs to be initiated by 2014
Enabling programs and projects in distribution
utilities to reduce AT&C losses
• below 15% by 2017
• below 12% by 2022
• below 10% by 2027
18
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Conversion of existing distribution sub-stations to GIS based
substations
• in Metro Cities in a phased manner (by 2022)
National Optical Fibre Network
• Connecting all the 2,50,000 Gram panchayats in the country by Optical Fibre
Cable
• Fiber optic link at the nearest 33/11 kV substation to support smart grid in
distribution by 2015
Efficient scheduling and dispatch of distributed energy
resources (including captive plants)
19
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Development of technologies and solutions
• To manage peak demand, optimal use of installed capacity and reduce load
shedding and black-outs
• - Microgrids, storage options, virtual power plants (VPP), vehicle to grid
(V2G), solar to grid (PV2G), and building to grid (B2G) technologies
Completion of existing complementary or building block
projects as part of RAPDRP
• Consumer indexing, Asset Mapping and System strengthening activities etc.
Improvement in power quality and quantum across the board
20
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
TRANSMISSION
Development of a reliable, secure and resilient grid
• enables greater visibility and control of efficient power flow
between all sources of production and consumption by 2027
• Implementation of Wide Area Monitoring System by 2017
Support implementation of smart grid technologies
• 50,000 Kms of OPGW cable to be installed over transmission
lines by the year 2017
21
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Enabling programs and projects in transmission
utilities to reduce transmission losses
• to below 3.5% by 2017
• to below 2.5% by 2022
Implement power system enhancements to facilitate
evacuation and integration
• 30 GW renewable capacity by 2017
• 80 GW by 2022
• 130 GW by 2027
22
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
POLICY, STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
Establishment of CERT-Distribution and finalization of norms for
cyber security (including audit) of distribution systems by 2014
Policies for grid-interconnection of captive/consumer
generation facilities (including renewables)
• technically feasible into consideration
• policies for roof-top solar
• policies for peaking power stations
Policies for Incentivizing Utility employees based on KPIs
23
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Policies supporting improved tariffs such as
• dynamic tariffs based on frequency bands or time of day basis
• variable tariffs including demand response programs for Critical peak pricing
Policies for public infrastructure
• EV charging facilities by 2015
• DR ready appliances by 2020
Development of appropriate power system standards for smart
grid development in India
• active involvement in smart grid standards development
24
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
OTHER ISSUES
Encourage participation of customers in the energy
markets that make them “prosumers”
• tariff mechanisms like feed in tariffs that are higher
• new energy products
• energy options and programs to – producers and consumers
Create an effective information exchange platform in
real time which will lead to the development of
energy markets
25
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
Creation of adequate resource pools
• Investment in research and development, training
and capacity building programs
• export of smart grid know-how, products and
services
26
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
• Expectations From INDUSTRY/ VENDORS
Emerge as effective system
integrators while providing the
IT/communication systems to the
utilities
Promote vendor coalitions for
cross domain knowledge sharing
across ICT and power sector
domains to develop vendor
cooperative eco-system for
delivering better solutions
Develop Indigenous technologies
to provide solutions for the
unique problems of the
electricity sector in the country,
in turn expected to boost
National economy
Develop capabilities to export of
Smart Grid products, solutions
and services to overseas
27
Draft Smart Grid Roadmap
• Expected timelines with key activities
12th Plan (2012 – 2017)
• Completion of pilots
• Augmentation of data
centers and
communication network
for AMI Roll out
• Distribution Automation
& GIS/Automated
distribution s/stns.
• Development of
indigenous smart meter
• Dynamic tariffs,
Sustainability Initiatives
–promoting distributed
generation
13th Plan (2017 – 2022)
• Nationwide AMI roll out
for customers >10KW
load
• Mandatory Roof Top
Solar for large
establishments
• Total Renewable
integration of 80GW;
• EV charging
infrastructure
• Development of micro
grids in total 1000
villages
• Distribution Automation
14th Plan (2022 – 2027)
• Development of 50
Smart cities.
• Mandatory roof top
solar
• Total Renewable
integration of 130
GW; 10% EV
penetration
• Nationwide AMI roll
out for customers
• Continuous Research
&Development ;
• Choice of electricity
supplier
• Stable 24X7
power supply
(more details are available in the proposed draft roadmap)
28
Next Steps…
• Discussions with Stakeholders and finalization
of the Roadmap
• Institutional Framework for Smart Grid
Development
Approach-1
Approach-2
• ISGTF can be strengthened with
manpower from different power
sector/ICT domains
• ISGTF should have broader powers
in taking decisions in matters
related to smart grid developments
• National Council for Smart Grids
(NCSG) may be created
• NCSG to be given statutory powers
to approve Rules & Regulations
29
Key Questions
Is the 15 year time
frame reasonable?
Is the approach and
strategy right? How are
top-down and bottomup to be balanced
(national vs. utility)?
What measures to be
taken by Utilities?
Are the short term and
long term objectives
right?
What are consumer’s
benefits and how to
involve them in the
smart grid journey?
30
Thank You!!!
31
12th Plan (2012 – 2017)
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Reduction of transmission losses (>66 kV)
to below 3%
Reduction of AT&C losses in all
Distribution Utilities to below 15%
Augmentation of Control Centres and
Data Centres for all states to cater to
deployment of Smart grids
Reduction in Power Cuts;24
Hrsavailability of power at principal cities,
22 hrs for all towns and Life line supply
to all by 2015;
Grid connection of all consumer end
generation facilities where feasible
Development of indigenous smart meter.
Total Renewable integration of 30 GW;
and EV trials, 2% EV penetration.
Compulsory Roof top PV and Energy
efficient building code for new
Government offices and Group Housing
Projects by 2014.
Development of micro grids in 200
villages.
EV charging station in urban areas
Improvement in Power Quality
GIS substations/ Automation of
substationsin all metros
Implementation of dynamic Tariff.
13th Plan (2017 – 2022)












Reduction of transmission losses (>66
kV) to below 3%
Reduction of AT&C losses to below
12% in all Utilities
Improvement in Power Quality
Electrification of all households by
2020
Nationwide AMI roll out for customers
>10KW load
Total Renewable integration of 80GW;
5% EV penetration
Development of micro grids in total
1000 villages.
EV charging station
GIS substations/Automation of
substations in all state capitals &
principal cities.
Energy Efficiency Programs for all
lighting in urban areas.
Standards Development for Smart
Infrastructure (SEZ, Buildings,
Roads/Bridges, Parking lots, Malls) and
Smart Cities
UHV and EHV Strengthening
14th Plan (2022 – 2027)











Reduction of AT&C losses to below
10% in all Utilities
Stable 24x7 power supply to all
categories of consumers all across
the country
Choice of electricity supplier(open
access) to all consumers
Nationwide AMI roll out for
customers
Total Renewable integration of 130
GW; 10% EV penetration
Development of micro grids in 5000
villages.
Development of 50 Smart cities.
Energy Efficiency Programs for all
lighting across nation
Export of SG products, solutions and
services to overseas
Continuous Research &Development
; Training & Capacity Building.
Active Participation of “Prosumers”
32
12th Plan (2012 – 2017)





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Tariff mechanism for small roof top
solar PV’s
Energy Efficiency Programs for lighting
in Metros & state capitals.
Standards Development for Smart
Grids including EVs and its charging
infra.
Strengthening of EHV System
Strengthening of FOcommunication
system
1200 kV UHVAC testing and simulation
studies
Research & Development, Training &
Capacity Building. 10% Utility
technical personnel to be trained in
Smart Grid Technologies
Customer Outreach & Participation
Sustainability Initiatives
SG Pilots, full SG roll out in pilotproject
cities
Development of 5 Smart cities
Establishment of Smart Grid Test bed
and Smart Grid knowledge center.
13th Plan (2017 – 2022)





Research & Developments; Training 
& Capacity Building. 25% Utility
technical personnel to be trained in
Smart Grid Technologies
Export of SG products, solutions and
services to overseas
Customer Outreach & Participation
SG roll out in urban areas
Development of 25 Smart cities.
14th Plan (2022 – 2027)
SG rollout nationwide
33

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