here - Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry

Report
OPTOMETRIC EDUCATION PAPER:
AA0 MEETING
DENVER, COLORADO
NOVEMBER 13TH 2014
(140049)
Current Practices of
Interprofessional Education at
Schools and Colleges of Optometry
in the US
Melissa A. Vitek, OD, FAAO
John Baker, OD, MSEd
Jennifer Coyle, OD, MS, FAAO
Elizabeth Hoppe, OD, MPH, DrPH, FAAO
Interprofessional Education (IPE)
Health professionals
and students
learning with,
from and about
one another to
improve
collaboration and
the quality of
patient care
World Health Organization (WHO, 1988)
“Multiprofessional education is not
an end in itself but a means of
ensuring that different types of
health personnel can work together
to meet the health needs of the
people”
…Interactive…
IPEC- Interprofessional
Education Collaborative (2009)
First
‘Supporting
Organization’
Attributes of Graduates of the Schools and
Colleges of Optometry (revised 2011)
Graduates are expected to have:
the ability to appropriately use all resources, including the
use of ancillary personnel, intra- and interprofessional
collaboration, co-management and referral, in ensuring the
best quality of patient care;
Have a commitment to work as an integral member of the
larger interprofessional health care team to improve patient
care outcomes;
ASCO Interprofessional education task force ‘charge’ (2013)
August 2013
Surveyed twenty-one
Schools and Colleges of
Optometry:
– Presidents/Chief
Academic Officers (or
designate)
– Current
Practices/Challenges
21 US Schools and Colleges of Optometry
Participated in ASCO Survey 2013
• AZCOPT: Arizona State College of Optometry at
Midwestern University
• IAUPR: Inter American University of Puerto Rico
School of Optometry
• ICO: Illinois College of Optometry
• IUSO: Indiana University School of Optometry
• MCO: Michigan College of Optometry-Ferris
State University
• MCPHS: Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and
Health Sciences School of Optometry
• NECO: New England College of Optometry
• NOVA: NOVA Southeastern University College of
Optometry
• NSUOCO: Northeastern State University
Oklahoma College of Optometry
• OSU: Ohio State University College of Optometry
• PCO: Salus University Pennsylvania College of
Optometry
• PUCO: Pacific University College of Optometry
• RSO: Rosenberg School of Optometry
• SCCO: Southern California College of Optometry
at Marshall B. Ketchum University
• SCO: Southern College of Optometry
• SUNY: State University of New York College of
Optometry
• UABSO: University of Alabama at Birmingham
School of Optometry
• UCB: University of California Berkley School of
Optometry
• UHCO: University of Houston College of
Optometry
• UMSL: University of Missouri -St. Louis College of
Optometry
• WUCO: Western University of Health Sciences
College of Optometry
Survey Results
19 of the 21 institutions surveyed reported
participation in IPE activities
Professionals Represented
Optometry
Dentistry
Occupational Therapy
Podiatry
Physician Assistant
Health
MD
Nursing
Opticianry
Public
Physical Therapy
DO
Social Work
Pharmacy
Law
Audiology
Dental Hygiene
Low Vision Rehab Specialist
Psychology
Gerontology
Speech-Language Pathology
Veterinary
School of Health Professions
Biomedical Science MS
9 PROGRAMS REPORTED A
REQUIREMENT FOR IPE ACTIVITIES
•
•
•
•
•
AZCOPT
MCPHS
NECO
NSUOCO
PCO
•
•
•
•
SCO
SUNY
UABSO
WUCO
OPTOMETRIC FACULTY PARTICIPATE IN
IPE ACTIVITIES AT 18 INSTITUTIONS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IAUPR
ICO
MCO
MCPHS
NECO
NOVA
NSUOCO
OSU
PCO
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PUCO
RSO
SCCO
SCO
SUNY
UABSO
UCB
UMSL
WUCO
8 INSTITUIONS REPORTED STUDENTS FROM
DIFFERENT PROFESSIONS TEACHING ONE ANOTHER
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AZCOPT
MCO
MCPHS
NECO
PCO
PUCO
UABSO
WUCO
CASES ARE DISCUSSED IN AN
INTERPROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT AT
12 INSTITUTIONS
• IAUPR
• PUCO
•
•
•
•
•
MCO
MCPHS
NECO
NOVA
PCO
•
•
•
•
•
RSO
SCO
UABSO
UMSL
WUCO
EXAMPLES OF IPE COURSES
• Interdisciplinary
Healthcare
• Basic Science (various
courses)
• Evidence Based Practice
• Clinical Reasoning
• Interprofessional
Relations and
Interprofessional
Collaborative Practice
• Interprofessional
Education Series
• Interprofessional Case
Conference
• Interdisciplinary
Geriatric Care
• Ethics in Healthcare
• Global Health
• Team-based Grand
Rounds
14 REPORTED PROVIDING
INTERPROFESSIONAL PATIENT CARE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IAUPR
ICO
MCO
MCPHS
NECO
NOVA
NSUOCO
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PCO
PUCO
RSO
SCCO
SUNY
UABSO
WUCO
8 INSTITUTIONS REPORTED PARTNERS WITH
SCHOOLS AND PROGRAMS OUTSIDE THEIR
INSTITUTIONS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ICO
MCPHS
NECO
NSUOCO
PCO
SCCO
SCO
UCB
Examples of IPP
• Wellness clinics
• Interprofessional Externship
Rotations
• Interdisciplinary Diabetes Eye
Wellness Clinic
• Interprofessional Diabetes
Clinic
• Hospital-based clinical
programs
• Hospital-based team meetings
• Interprofessional Collaborative
Practice Model at a health
center
• Community clinics
• Interprofessional
Collaborative Teams
• Clinical affiliations with
school districts and local
medical groups
• Clinical Core with
standardized patients
• Development of
management plans for
simulated patients
• Geriatric Education Centers
REPRESENTATIVES FROM 11 INSTITUTIONS
PARTICIPATED IN AN IPEC SPONSORED
WORKSHOP
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AZCOPT
IUSO
MCO
MCPHS
NECO
NOVA
PUCO
RSO
UABSO
UMSL
WUCO
Trends
• Those institutions housed in Universities with other
healthcare degree programs were more likely to offer
formal IPE courses
• Those institutions not housed in Universities with
other healthcare degree programs were more likely to
offer patient care oriented interprofessional activities
Trends (cont’d)
• Most optometric faculty
involvement is on a
volunteer basis
• Those reporting no
barriers to IPE did not
report a robust IPE/IPP
offering
• Not a direct correlation
between those attending
an IPEC conference and
the quantity and variety
of IPE/IPP offerings
19 out of 21
Reported
Participation
In IPE
19 out of 21
Reported
Barriers
To IPE
Equal number
Reported
both
Participation in and
Barriers to IPE
BARRIERS TO IPE
•
•
•
•
•
•
Lack of resources
Geographical barriers
Lack of time
Scheduling barriers
Lack of funding
Lack of knowledge of
first steps
• Lack of trained faculty
• Lack of administrative
support
• Cultural barriers
• Lack of interest
• Lack of space
• Political hurdles
Institution Request from ASCO
•
•
•
•
•
•
Grant and other funding
Faculty training/workshops
Curriculum ideas
Consulting
Literature on IPE
Serve as an advocate for optometric inclusion and
recognition on a national level
• Convene an IPE conference at a national
optometric forum
• Facilitate making IPE a requirement for
accreditation
ASCO IPE TASK FORCE HAS PLANS FOR AN IPE
SUMMIT FEBRUARY 2016: SCCO at MBKU
Proposed Goals:
To assemble, representatives from ASCO member
institutions and other champions of interprofessional
collaboration
Share best practices in IPE and IPP
Share current practices and ideas on further
development for the evaluation of the impact of IPE and
IPP
[email protected]
[email protected]
QUESTIONS?

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