chapter 4 health

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Chapter 4
Managing Stress
What is Stress?
• The reaction of your body and mind to
threatening or challenging events in life
• What are some examples in your life??
Stressors- Causes of stress
3 Types
• Major Life Changes
– Examples
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Death
Divorce
College
Etc. etc.
Stressors-Causes of stress.
3 Types
• Everyday Problems
– Examples
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Losing something
Forgeting something
The way you look
Etc. etc.
Stressors- Causes of stress.
3 Types
• Physical
Surroundings
– Examples
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Bus
Subway
Airports
Weather conditions
Other Stressors
• Future
• Conflicts- Friends & Family
• Special Events
– Dates
– Tryouts
– Interviews
Stress
• Positive Stress
– Eustress
Negative Stress
- Distress
Stages of Stress
• Alarm
• Resistance
• Exhaustion
Alarm Stage
• Homeostasis- normal
body state is effected
• Adrenaline is
released
• Fight or Flight
response
Resistance Stage
• Not able to fight or
flight
• Body becomes more
susceptible to
problems
• Body cannot restore
homeostasis
Exhaustion Stage
• Worn down
• No longer able to fight
off stressor
• Could result in
serious illness or
death
Recognizing signs of stress
• Physical
• Emotional
• Behavioral
Stress Injuries & illness
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Lowered resistance
Less focus
Ulcers
Asthma
High Blood Pressure
Heart Disease
Stress & Personality
• Type A- rushed & competitive
• Type B- calmer & less-competitive
• WHO HAS MORE STRESS???
Traits
• Perfectionism
• Negative Thinking
• Hardiness- resistance to stress
Managing Stress
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Confront the problem
Time management
Physical Activity
Relaxation
Mental rehearsal
Biofeedback
Humor
Getting help

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