english_cou rse_1st_session

Report
Las competencias comunicativas
de la lengua inglesa
INGLES BASICO 1
OBJECTIVES
Develop the learner´s communicative competence in
four areas:
• Linguistic
• Sociolinguistic
• Discourse
• Strategic competence
In other words the learner should be able to
understand and use everyday expressions and very
basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a
concrete type.
Be able to introduce themselves and others and to
ask and answer questions about personal details such
as: where they live, people they know and things they
have, interact in a very simple way provided the
other person in the interactions talks slowly and
clearly and is willing to help.
PREVIOUS
KNOWLEDGE
May I come in?
May I go out?
Please!
Thanks!
Excuse me!
What does _________mean?
How can I say _________ in English/ Spanish?
Can you repeat?
I have finished!
Ready
Not yet!
Greetings/farewells (hello, hi, good morning, bye…)
Instructions (repeat, underline, match…)
GREETINGS
Hello!
Hi!
What’s up!
Good morning
Good afternoon
Good evening
Good night
FAREWELLS
Good bye
Bye
See you
See you later
See you tomorrow
So long
Hello!
I´m glad to meet you.
My name is ___________
You can tell me _____________
I´m Mexican.
I´m from __________________
I like (hobbies) ______________________
LETTERS
ABCDEFGHIJKL
ei
bi
ci
di
i
ef
gi
eich ai jei kei
el
MNOPQRSTUV W
em
REPEAT
en
ou
XYZ
eks
wai zi
pi
kyu
ar
es
ti
yu
vi
daebelyu
SPELLING PRACTICE
ACTIVITY
Line 1
ABC
CBA
BBC
CBB
BCA
Line 2
DEF
FFE
DDF
EFD
DFE
Line 3
GHI
IGH
GGH HIG
IIH
Line 4
JKL
KLJ
LKJ
KKJ
Line 5
MNO OMN NON OMN NOO
Line 6
PQR
RPQ
QPR
RRQ
QRP
Line 7
STU
UST
TSU
SUU
TTS
Line 8
VWX XVW WXV WWX XWV
Line 9
YYZ
ZYE
YOZ
JJL
ZAY
ZYZ
CARDINAL NUMBERS
REPEAT
1- one
2- two
3- three
4- four
5- five
6- six
7- seven
8- eight
9- nine
10-ten
111213141516171819-
eleven
twelve
thirteen
fourteen
fifteen
sixteen
seventeen
eighteen
nineteen
CARDINAL NUMBERS
REPEAT
203040506070809010010001000000-
twenty
thirty
forty
fifty
sixty
seventy
eighty
ninety
one/a hundred
one/a thousand
one/a million
ORDINAL NUMBERS
REPEAT
1st first
2nd second
3rd third
4th fourth
5th fifth
6th sixth
7th seventh
8th eighth
9th ninth
10th tenth
11th eleventh
12th twelfth
13th thirteenth
14th fourteenth
15th fifteenth
21st twenty first
22nd twenty second
23rd twenty third
24th twenty fourth
25th twenty fifth
MONTHS OF THE YEAR
January
Jan.
February
Feb.
March
Mar.
April
Apr.
May*
June*
abbreviations
July*
example:
August
Aug.
September
Sep.
in July
October
Oct.
in 2011
November
Nov.
on May 15th
December
Dec.
*Usualmente Mayo, Junio y Julio no tienen abreviatura en Ingles
DAYS OF THE WEEK
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sun.
Mon.
Tues.
Weds.
Thurs.
Fri.
Sat.
abbreviations
example:
on Sunday
on Friday
En Ingles los días de la semana y los meses se empiezan con
MAYUSCULAS.
IMPORTANT DATES
When is Revolution day? ___________________
When is Christmas day? ___________________
Teacher´s day is on ______________________
Mother´s day is on ______________________
Your Birthday is on _____________________
July is the ____________ month of the year
PERSONAL PRONOUNS
I
You
He
She
It
You
We
They
yo
tú
él
ella
eso (cosas)
ustedes
nosotros (as)
ellos (as)
VERB “TO BE” in Present
I
You
He
She
It
You
We
They
am
are
is
is
is
are
are
are
Yo
Tu
El
Ella
Eso
Uds.
soy, estoy
eres, estas
es, esta
es, esta
es, esta
son, están
Nos somos, estamos
Ellos son, están
Se pueden llevar a cabo contracciones:
I’m, you’re, he’s, she’s, it’s, we’re, they’re
verb “TO BE” (interrogative form)
am
are
is
is
is
are
are
are
I
You
He
She
It
You
We
They
Are you an architect?
No, I am not / No, I´m a teacher.
Is she in the classroom?
No, She is in the office.
LA PARTICULA “NOT”
La palabra not se usa en ingles para negar,
generalmente se coloca después del verbo.
Example.I am not an engineer yo no soy un ingeniero
She is not in home
ella no esta en casa
las contracciones para el
pueden ser de dos formas:
you are not =
He is not
=
We are not =
caso
you’re not or
he’s not
or
we’re not or
negativo
you aren’t
he isn’t
we aren’t
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
I
You
He
She
It
You
We
They
My
Your
His
Her
Its
Your
Our
Their
Mi, mis
Tu, tus
Su, sus (de él)
Su, sus (de ella)
Su (cosas)
Su, sus (de Uds.)
nuestro(s)(as)
Sus (de ellos)
Example.She is my sister, is this your book?
• Los números telefónicos y direcciones se dicen primero
número por número o de dos en dos.
55560-8102=
five, five, five, six, oh, eight, one, oh ,two
1495 Main St.= fourteen, ninety-five main street
• Las fechas usan ordinales al hablar, mas no así para
escribirlas.
October 16, 2010 se lee: October sixteenth two thousand ten
• Los números hundred, thousand, million se pueden decir
“one” ó “a”
cien = one hundred / a hundred
millón = one million / a million
• Los números mayores de cien se pueden decir con la palabra
“and”.
A hundred and six (106)
• Después de un millón hay algunas diferencias:
un millón = a million
mil millones = a billion
un billón = a trillion
ARTICLES The, A and AN
El articulo the es el único que existe en ingles y se
traduce: el, la ,los, las.
El articulo indefinido a se emplea antes de palabras
que empiezan con sonido de consonante: a boy, a girl,
a policeman
El articulo indefinido an se emplea antes de palabras
que empiezan con sonido de vocal: an elephant,
an english student, an accountant
COGNATES
Son aquellas palabras en ingles que permiten una fácil
identificación con su significado en español, más sin
embargo habrá que tener cuidado con otras que se
denominan falsos cognados.
Architect-Arquitecto
Mayor-Major
alcalde
-especialidad de estudios
They ______my friends.
Raul and Petra _______ in the club.
My father and I _______ teachers.
He is _____ a policeman, he´s a Lawyer.
The Eiffel tower _____ in Paris.
I ______ in the English course.
______ You happy?
We ______ in the first place.
The dog _____ in the backyard.
_____ he your brother?
They live ____ Chicago.
OCCUPATIONS & PROFESSIONS
Abogado > Lawyer / Attorney
Actor / Actriz > Actor / Actress
Agricultor > Farmer
Albañil > Bricklayer
Arquitecto > Architect
Artista > Artist
Astronauta > Astronaut
Azafata > Air hostess
Bombero > Fireman
Bibliotecario > Librarian
Cajero >Cashier / Teller (En El Banco)
Cantante > Singer
Carnicero > Butcher
Cartero > Postman
Cantinero > Bartender
Cerrajero > Goldsmith
Ciclista > Cyclist
Científico > Scientist
Cliente > Customer
Cocinero > Cook
Conserje > Concierge
Consultor > Consultant
Contador > Accountant
Costurera > Seamstress
Dentista > Dentista
Detective > Detective
Diseñador > Designer
Diskjockey (DJ) > Diskjockey (DJ)
Electricista > Electrician
Empleado > Employee
Empresario > Businessman
Enfermera > Nurse
Escritor > Writer
Estudiante > Student
Hombre De Negocios > Bussinesman
Huésped > Guest
Ingeniero > Engineer
Jardinero > Gardener
Joyero > Jeweller
Juez > Judge
Jubilado > Retired
Ladrón > Thief
Locutor > Announcer
Maestro > Teacher
Marinero > Sailor
Mecánico > Mechanic
Mesero/ Mesera > Waiter / Waitress
Militar > Army Man
Monje / Monja > Monk / Nun
Músico > Musician
Niñera > Babysitter
Panadero > Baker
Peluquero > Hairdresser
OCCUPATIONS & PROFESSIONS
Periodista > Journalist
Pescador > Fisherman
Piloto > Pilot
Pintor > Painter
Plomero > Plumber
Policía > Policeman
Profesor > Teacher
Psicólogo > Psychologist
Químico > Chemical
Recepcionista > Receptionist
Reportero > Reporter
Sacerdote > Priest
Salvavidas > Life guard
Sastre > Tailor
Secretaria > Secretary
Vendedor > Salesman
Veterinario > Veterinary
Vigilante / Guardia > Guard
Zapatero > Shoemaker
Centro Ciudad/Downtown
Ayuntamiento/City Hall
Sede Policiaca/Police Headquarters
Correos/Post Office
Metro/Subway
Banco/Bank
Tienda/Shop-Store
Corte/Courthouse
Escuela/School
Parque/Park
Glorieta/Roundabout
Plaza/Square
Centro Comercial/ Mall
Auditorio/Auditorium
Estadio/Stadium
Cementerio/Cemetery
Mercado/Market
Ferretería/Hardware Store
Papelería/Stationery Store
Gimnasio/Gym
Catedral/Cathedral
Iglesia/Church
Escuela/ School
Universidad/ University
Secundaria / High School
Vivero/Plant Nursery
Granja /Farm
Campo/Field
Gasolinera/Gas Station
PLACES
Clínica/Clinic
Hospital/Hospital
Restaurante/Restaurant
Bodega/Wine Shop
Tienda De Comestibles/Grocery Store
Zapatería/Shoe Store
Farmacia/Pharmacy
Joyería/Jewelry Store
Mueblería/Furniture Store
Panadería/Bread Store
Pastelería/Pastry Shop
Carnicería/Butcher Shop
Pescadería/Fish Market
Estudio De Grabación/RecordingStudio
Autopista/Freeway
Carretera/Highway
Barrio-Colonia/Neighborhood
Embajada/Embassy
Estación De Bomberos/Fire Station
Aeropuerto/Airport
Concesionario/Car Dealership
Teatro /Theater
Cine/Movie Theater
Parque Zoologico/Zoo
Parque De Atracciones/Amusement Park
Jardines Botanicos/Botanical Gardens
Parque/ Park
Father
Mother
Brother
Sister
Son
Daughter
Grandfather
Grandmother
Grandson
Granddaughter
Godmother
Godfather
Aunt
Uncle
Mother in law
Brother in law
Nephew
Niece
Cousin
Son in law
Daugther in law
Stepfather
Relative
Husband
Wife
Padre
Madre
Hermano
Hermana
Hijo
Hija
Abuelo
Abuela
Nieto
Nieta
Madrina
Padrino
Tía
Tío
Suegra
Cuñado
Sobrino
Sobrina
Primo (a)
Yerno
Nuera
Padrastro
Pariente
Esposo
Esposa
IDENTIFY
COGNATES
TOOL
FOCUS
ADJECTIVE
PLACE
ADVERB
NOUN
SHOE
TABLE
TIME
DOLPHIN
NAME
MEXICAN
DOLLAR
MONEY
TELEPHONE
ENGLISH
TRIANGLE
ORGANIZATE
JUMP
ABANDON
LIBRARY
NEGATIVE
ORANGE
OFFICE
PARENTS
FAMILY
STUDY
SECOND
CENTURY
VISIT
SOFA
PICTURE
How are you?
I’m _________
What is your name?
My name is______________
Nice to meet you
Nice to meet you too.
How old are you?
I’m _____ (years old)
PRACTICE What is your address?
What´s your phone number?
What do you do?
Fine/ok/so-so
_________________________
Number + street name + St / Ave / Rd.
__ __ __ __ __
One by one or two by two.
I’m a / an _______________
occupation
REGULAR VERBS
Abandon
Adapt
Add
Admire
Admit
Announce
Answer
Appear
Ask
Attack
Attend
Award
Awake
Bake
Behead
Brush
Burn
Call
Change
Clean
Close
Climb
Collect
Compose
Communicate
Conquer
Construct
Combine
Cover
Cross
Cry
Decide
Defeat
Demonstrate
Descend
Design
Develop
Die
Direct
Discuss
Dream

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