Urban Development
Wien Vienna Вена
Arch. Franz Gruber „First Eurasian Construction Industry Congress, Astana, 02.12.2014
one of the most rapidly growing metropolises of the European Union
Vienna historical growth
Vienna historical growth
0.55 mil
1.43 mil
1.77 mil
1.60 mil
2.24 mil
1.55 mil
Vienna growth
1.79 mil
>2.04 mil
Challange Urbanisme
People all over the world living in cities… 1900
25%, 2007
50%, 2050
Challange Energy and Resources
Energydemand from now until 2030 about +50%,
Earth Overshoot Day 2014: August
Global Footprint Network
Challange Energy and Resources
Challange Individualisation
Global phenomenon, the culture of free individual choice
changing relationships, nearly 20
% single-person households under 65j in EU
Challenge Connectivity
global growth driver, future market with enormous rate of growth
online shopping is standard for 74
% in GER and AUT (30% in 2000)
Zukunftsinstitut, gfk
Challenge New Mobility
Electrically powerd cars with renewable energy, "public cars" , on an average an
individual car is parking 23 hours per day, carsharingboom worldwide
Statistik Austria, VCÖ 2012
Smart City Wien
Framework strategy launchend in 2011, published in 2014
Time horizon extends to
Broad stakeholder process
Smart City Wien defines the development of a city that assigns priority to, and
interlinks the issues of energy, mobility, buildings and infrastructure.
In this, the following premises apply:
radical resource preservation
development and productive use of innovations/ new technologies
high and socially balanced quality of living
STEP 2025
Urban Development Plan Vienna
Instrument for providing forward-looking answers
in the spirit of „Smart City Wien“ - framework
Created by city administration togehter with numerous experts
started 2011 for adoption into law by 2014
Broad intensive dialogue process among policymakers and administrators,
scientific and business communities, residents and special interest groups
STEP represents a binding guidline
as well as a strategic orientation
serves as basis for all future measures related to spatial development
STEP is the basis for more detailed technical concepts on specific aspects like in
urban development concepts, urban master plans, land-use plans
STEP 2025
Urban Development Plan Vienna
STEP establishes which property/ area/ zone is available
for development, under which regulations
(e.g. building height, etc.)
type of use (recreational area, green space, housing, etc.)
STEP defines rights and obligations for the land owner/ developer/ planner
STEP’s three key items are:
- housing
- free or green space
- mobility
STEP 2025
Mission Statement
STEP 2025
Mission Statement
for green spaces
“Plan documents”
The zoning and development plans of the City of Vienna
are decided by the local council through regulations
which are presented as "Plan Documents”.
These plan documents consist of two parts,
a plan and a text, which define future uses and
the nature of the planned developments.
The plan documents are legally binding.
“Plan documents”
Development process of the plan documents
first step
“blue print” is presented to the city body (Magistrat)
for discussion
second step
“green print” is presented at the city district
for discussion
third step
“red print” can be reviewed by the public
after this procedure they reach the city council for approval
after the approval by the city council there is a final public notice
No more legal claim for amendment/ modification !
“Plan documents”
Content: how to use land + how to build
Building law Vienna
Vienna city development, city planning and building code
Provisions relating to
- building technology and building equipment
- special environmental, health and energy requirements of buildings
- parcel of lands and other constructions and facilities subject to
- requirements and regulations of the present law.
140 articles divided into 12 parts :
Urban planning (1); Change of property boundaries (2); Expropriation (3);
Other ownership restrictions (4); Utility connection payments (5); Compensation (6);
Formal requirements for construction projects (7); Structural use of building sites (8);
Construction guidelines (9); Provisions concerning construction, use and maintenance
of buildings (10); Display and announcement (11); Authorities, political parties and
participants (12).
Building Code for Vienna (BO), Part 3
Through expropriation ownership rights or other rights
existing on foreign land, can be acquired or established,
respectively repealed on the own land.
The expropriation must only be carried out against compensation (note exceptions).
Precondition (Building Code for Vienna (BO), Part 3, § 38)
permitted only for the following purposes:
- Creation of public infrastructure and utility connections
- Execution of construction works or investments on land for public purposes
- Conservation, design or construction of accessibility of the green belt
- Preventing vacancy of single independent non-usable land acc to building law
- Development (planning and construction) of real estate acc to building law
Responsible body: City office for building, energy, rail, and aviation (MA 64)
Building Code for Vienna (BO), Part 3, § 17 Wr.BO
plot ……
without compensation
with compensation
Thank you
Arch. DI Franz Gruber
Member of Board
BEHF Ebner Hasenauer Ferenczy ZT GmbH
A-1070 Vienna, Kaiserstraße 41
T +43 1 524 17 50-67
M +43 664 837 25 11
[email protected]
Astana, 02.12.2014, Franz Gruber

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