PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual For Consideration by PARCC Governing Board June 26, 2013 Trinell Bowman, Maryland Tamara Reavis, Achieve PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual First edition • Represents best thinking of PARCC states to date; focus is on accessibility and accommodations for computer-delivered PBA, EOY and MYA • First edition has support of majority of PARCC State Leads. • Future editions will be drafted based on upcoming field tests, research, and operational testing. 2 Development & Review Manual was developed and reviewed over the past year through an iterative process involving the following groups: – State experts serving on the PARCC Accommodations, Accessibility and Fairness Operational Working Group; – K-12 PARCC State Leads; – Additional state agency experts (including special education and English learner experts); – External experts, including English learner expert Lynn Shafer Willner, the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO) and the PARCC Technical Working Groups on Equity, English Learners and Students with Disabilities; – National advocacy groups for SWD, ELs, and equity and fairness; and – Staff from PARCC’s project management partner Achieve. 3 Technical Working Group 4 Name Affiliation Dave Edyburn Claudia Flowers Dianne Piche Alba Ortiz Diane Spence Martha Thurlow Diane August H. Gary Cook Kenji Hakuta Alba Ortiz Charlene Rivera Amy Epstein Keena Arbuthnot Edward Bosso Yvette Jackson Carol D. Lee Teresa L. McCarty Dianne Piche University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee University of North Carolina-Charlotte Leadership Conference on Civil Rights The University of Texas at Austin Region 4 Education Service Center, Braille Services National Center on Educational Outcomes Center for Applied Linguistics University of Wisconsin-Madison Stanford University The University of Texas at Austin George Washington University Leadership Public Schools Louisiana State University Gallaudet University National Urban Alliance for Effective Education Northwestern University Arizona State University Leadership Conference on Civil Rights Daniel Wiener, chair Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education PARCC Accessibility System Features for All Students Tools embedded Accessibility Features for All Students Identified in advance Accommodations 5 Accessibility Features for All Students • Features that PARCC will make available to all students, either through the online platform or through the test administration process. • Each student should determine whether they wish to use the support on an item-by-item basis, based on the supports they use during instruction and in daily life. • Some features must be identified in advance as part of the student’s Personal Needs Profile (PNP) because of the concern of student overload or clash of supports. • All of these features are based on research and universal design features principals. 6 Accessibility Features for All Students Audio Amplification Blank Paper (provided by test administrator) Eliminate Answer Choices Flag Items for Review General Administration Directions Clarified (by test administrator) General Administration Directions Read Aloud and Repeated as Needed (by test administrator) Highlight Tool Headphones Magnification/Enlargement Device NotePad Pop-up Glossary Redirect Student to the Test (by test administrator) Spell Checker Writing Tools 7 Accessibility Features to be Selected in Advance Accessibility Features Adaptive and Specialized Equipment or Furniture Answer Masking Background/Font Color (Color Contrast) General Masking Line Reader Tool Text-to-Speech for the Mathematics Assessments 8 Accommodations for Students With Disabilities Proposed Presentation Accommodations for Students with Disabilities ELA/Literacy Text-to-Speech or Video of a Human Interpreter for the ELA/Literacy Assessments, including items, response options, and passages Refreshable braille displays Closed-Captioning of Multimedia Passages Descriptive Video Mathematics Video of a Human Interpreter Both Content Areas Assistive Technology Hard-copy braille tests Video of a Human Interpreter for Test Directions Tactile Graphics Paper-and-Pencil Edition 10 Proposed Response Accommodations for Students with Disabilities ELA/Literacy Scribing or Speech-to-Text (i.e., Dictation/Transcription or Signing) for constructed responses Word prediction PBA Mathematics Calculation Device and Mathematics Tools (on Noncalculator Sessions) Both Content Areas Assistive Technology Scribing or Speech-to-Text for selected response items Braille Note-taker Other Proposed Accommodations for Students with Disabilities Category Accommodation Timing & Scheduling Extended Time Setting 12 Many settings that were once considered accommodations are now consider accessibility features for all students and will be included in the test administrator manual. These include – separate location, small group testing, specified area or seating, time of day, and frequent breaks. Accommodations Policies for English Learners Proposed Guidance on Selecting Accommodations for English Learners When selecting accommodations for ELs, consider the student’s: 1. Level of English language proficiency (ELP) on the state ELP test o Beginning, Intermediate, or Advanced 2. Literacy development in the native language o Native language literacy o Interrupted schooling/literacy background 3. Background factors that impact effective accommodations use o Grade/age o Affective filter (i.e., level of student anxiety/comfort with English) o Time in U. S. schools 14 Mapping Accommodations to ELP WIDA ACCESS for ELLs® English Language Proficiency (ELP) Levels Level 1 Entering ELDA English Language Proficiency Levels Level 1 Composite ELP Level (Acosta et al., 2008) Pre-Functional Beginning Level 2 Emerging Level 2 Beginning Level 3 Developing Level 3 Intermediate Intermediate Level 4 Expanding Level 4 Advanced Intermediate Level 5 Bridging Level 5 Advanced Level 6 Full English Proficiency not exited Level 6 15 Reaching Advanced Accommodations for English Learners recommended for use by ELs at this English language proficiency level • Highly Recommended for use by ELs at this English language proficiency level ○ May not be appropriate for students at this ELP level Accommodation English/ Native Language Word-to-Word Dictionary (ELA/Literacy & Mathematics) Test Directions clarified by test administrator in student’s Native Language (ELA/Literacy & Mathematics) Scribe or Speech-to-Text: Responses Dictated for Mathematics assessment in English (Mathematics) Extended Time (ELA/Literacy and Mathematics) 16 Beginning Intermediate Advanced • • • • š š • • • š Next Steps • AAF OWG and core writing team to finalize document and accompanying tools • Stakeholder out reach and communications to key audiences • Released to the public July 25, 2013 17 Draft Motion for Consideration The Governing Board votes to approve the first edition of the PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual for the field test in 2013 – 2014. Based on item try-out, field testing and other research, this document will continue to be revisited in an iterative manner, consistent with best practice.