Elements of painting, printmaking, photography, graphics art Or how we talk about images on a flat surface What is it? A two-dimensional object Rejects representation Does not try to represent the “real” Iconic – symbol of the real Techniques to unveil the process Accepts representation Tries to imitate the “real” Tries to be threedimensional Techniques to fool the eye How is it done? How the elements are used And put together describe the composition of the piece Elements of painting/design 1. Line 2. Form 3. Color 4. Space 5. Texture Use of basic elements in composition 1. Repetition 2. Balance 3. Unity 4. Focal area 5. Perspective 6. Chiaroscuro 7. Dynamics The composition of a piece helps us construct meaning in and for the artwork. Line line – actual line on the surface Implied line – suggested line through color, shape, boundaries of objects Painterly line – more implied than real Linear – more actual line than implied Real Line is used to control our eye, create unity and balance, help construct meaning Form Shape of object (as a result of the use of line) Shape of parts of composition Triangle, square, circle, and so on Color – pure color (red, blue,….) Value – amount of black or white in color Intensity – degree of purity of color Hue Space Illusion of three dimensions Texture – suggested roughness or smoothness of objects in the composition Real – what it would feel like if you touched it Implied How those elements are used to create the image…. Repetition The repetition of line, color, shapes Repeat the element in a consistent pattern Repeat the element in a variation of the pattern Juxtapose elements in a pattern Balance Symmetrical Bilateral if divided the same on both sides Asymmetrical Placement of unlike terms Unity Completeness within the frame (closed composition) Incomplete; viewer’s attention drawn outside the composition (open composition) Use of color, line, shape to pull the objects together Focal Area Where one’s attention is drawn Can have more than one focal area Perspective Making a two-dimensional object into the illusion of three-dimensional Linear (1-point) perspective Converging Aerial line to achieve the sense of distance perspective Color, detail, size to create sense of distance Chiaroscuro Contrasts of light and dark Dynamics How lively or stable/stolid does the picture seem? Subject matter Continuum From real (representation) to nonobjective (iconic) Our knowledge of the history of the use of elements also contributes to the meaning of the object.