Interior Design Chapter 15

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Interior Design
Chapter 15
Home Styles Since 1700
The 18th Century
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Immigrant Styles: Collection of styles that
needed to adapt to the new land
English: Timber sawed into boards
Dutch: Stone and brick
Germans: Wood and quarry stone
Swedes: Squared logs
Spanish: Cut stone and adobe brick
Georgian Style
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Named after the kings of England, colonists copied
design that had been popular in England
Formal, Balanced Design
Hip Roof
Large symmetrically placed windows
Pilasters at the door
Doorways often topped with a Pediment
Cornice trim: Tooth-like pattern
Chimney: Central or at each end of the roof
Contrasting Materials: Red brick and white wood
trim
Georgian Style Examples
The Federal Period
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Adam Style:
- Rectangular design with one or more stories
- Gabled Roofs
- Symmetrically placed windows
- Fanlight: semicircular, round or oval window
with fan-shaped panes of glass, above the door
or in the pediment
- Decorative interiors, mantels especially
decorative
Adam Style Example
The Federal Period
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Early Classical: Started by President Thomas
Jefferson, who was also an architect
- Similar to Adam style
- The difference is the Portico: a tall, open
porch, supported columns, over the front
entrance
Early Classical Revival Style
Example
The 19th Century
Industrial Revolution was taking place
People lived near the factories in poor quality
homes so they could be near the work
Tenements: Apartment complexes with minimum
standards of sanitary, safety, and comfort
Housing reflected a mixture of ideas and a spirit
of fantasy and excitement
The Romantic Revival Period
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Greek Revival Style: Popular around the time
of the Civil War, Southern Plantation Style,
page 349
Gothic Revival Style: Pointed arches,
decorated with gingerbread, lacy-looking,
cutout wood trim
Italianate Style: Overhanging hip roofs with
decorative brackets, or supports, page 350
The Victorian Period
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Mansard Style: It has a mansard roof which
has two slopes on each side
Queen Anne Style: The most fanciful of the
Victorian styles, often has a circular tower,
decorative details were highlighted by
different colors of paint
The Early 20th Century
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Two architectural movements: traditional and
modern
The most creative and productive times in the
history of home design
Period Revival Styles
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Colonial Revival Style
Tudor Style: Half-timbered exterior and a
distinctive chimney pot: earthenware pipes
places at the pipes of chimneys
Chateauesque Style: Castlelike details of
French palaces
Mission Style: Hispanic heritage, fashioned
after mission churches, page 354
Modern Styles
Prairie Style: Frank Lloyd Wright, emphasized
horizontal lines, low-pitched roofs, influenced the
American Foursquare: square, two story house with a
hip roof and wide front porch
 Craftsman Style: Developed the Bungalow: A small
one-story house with an overhanging roof and
covered porch
 International Style: Emphasized function and
usefulness, decorative trim was avoided, page 356
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The Mid 20th Century to Today:
Postwar Modern Styles
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Ranch Styles: Easy access to all rooms on ground
level
Contemporary Style: Used to integrate the landscape
around it, sometimes called American International
Split-Level: Modification of a Ranch Style home,
provides the same space without the size of the lot
needed for a Ranch
Shed Style: Name came from steep pitched shed roof
Unique Designs
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A-Frame: Gabled roof goes to the ground on
two sides
Geodesic Dome: Triangular frames that are
joined to form a self-supporting roof and walls,
interior walls are not needed to support the
structure

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