The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

Report
The
Pre-Raphaelite
Brotherhood:
between Painting and
Poetry
Nature of the movement
In art it refers to the PreRaphaelite Brotherhood,
a group of avantgarde
painters
(associated with the art
critic John Ruskin).
In literature it describes
the poets who had some
connections with these
artists and whose work
shares some of the
characteristics of PreRaphaelite art.
The Pre-Raphaelites turned away from the materialism of
industrialised England.
Where does the name come from?
The Pre-Raphaelites thought Raphael had
produced technically perfect religious
pictures, but with little spiritual feeling.
On the contrary, they admired the art and
painters before Raphael.
Pre-Raphaelite painters’ features
•
Beauty and comparative
semplicity of the Medioeval world
•
Fidelity to nature: first-hand
ditailed representation of humble
objects and natural elements in
natural light
•
Preference of bright, jewel-like
colours that where often used in a
symbolic way
Rossetti concentrated on bust-length oil
paintings of sensuous beautiful women
rendered in vibrant colours (whose image
defied every Victorian convention).
Pre-Raphaelite poetry
• Several of its members wrote poetry
themselves.
• Also, many of the most notable PreRaphaelite paintings were inspired by the
works of Dante, Shakespeare, Keats and
Tennyson.
Pre-Raphaelite poetry’s features
• Emphasis on beautiful, sensuous details
• Symbolic meaning associated with
common objects or situations
• Feelings of nostalgia for a dream-like
Medioeval world
• Use of melodious language
The 2nd wave of the Pre-Raphaelitism
• Under Klimt’s direction the second wave of the PRB
developed in 1860s into Aesthetic Pre-Raphaelitism,
which opened the way to the Arts and Crafts
Movement, to Aestheticism and Decadentism and to
Art Nouveau.
In this second wave two new artists emerged:
Sir Edward Burne-Jones, who painted beautiful
Romantic dreams;
William Morris, who initiated a trend of interior
decoration.
• In this second wave literature focused on sensuous
description and subjective psycological states.
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Who founded the
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood?
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
John Millais
William Holman Hunt
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Who founded the
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood?
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
John Millais
William Holman Hunt
Click
get outto
Who founded the
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood?
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
John Millais
William Holman Hunt

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