Silk Painting Crafts What is Silk Painting? Silk painting is creating art on fabric with silk as the canvas. History of Silk Painting • Silk painting can be traced back to the 2nd century AD in India when the 'wax resist' technique for embellishing silk was used. • The batik industry in silk flourished about 200 years later. • In the 1920s hand painted silk designs began to appear in France. • It wasn't until the 1970s that silk painting became really popular in the U.S. Materials Needed: *Resist - wax resist, gutta resist *Dye *Brush *Smock - dyes will stain clothes! *Paint cups *Cup of Water *Newspaper over work space *Silk Steps: The Serti (closing or fence) technique: Step 1: Prewashing your silk Step 2: Preparing your design Step 3: Making a Stretcher Frame Step 4: Stretching your silk Step 5: Applying gutta or resist Step 6: Applying dyes or paints Step 7: Setting/Fixing the color Step 8: Removing clear gutta or clear water-based resist Applying resist: Applying Dyes: The technique of applying dyes is very similar to painting with watercolors. Example of silk painting in progress: Example of completed silk painting using the Serti Technique: Another example: another example… Your assignment: Paint a mandala design on a pre-stretched round silk. Step 1: Come up with an original mandala design Step 2: Transfer the design onto the pre-stretched round silk Step 3: Trace your design with gutta or resist Step 4: Neatly paint the design with dyes What is a mandala? The word mandala is from Sanskrit, a classical Indian language developed over 2,300 years ago. Loosely translated to mean circle. Mandala In Nature: The "circle with a center" pattern is the basic structure of creation that is reflected from the micro to the macro in the world as we know it. It is a pattern found in nature and is seen in biology, geology, chemistry, physics and astronomy. Flowers, the rings found in tree trunks and the spiraling outward and inward of a snail's shell all reflect the primal mandala pattern. Examples of Mandalas in Nature: Mandalas in Art and Culture: The mandala pattern is used in many religious traditions: The Americas: Native Americans- medicine wheels Aztec - calendars In Asia: The Taoist "yin-yang" symbol Tibetan mandalas Europe: Christian Cathedrals - Rosetta windows Mandala examples in Art and Culture: Mandala Silk Paintings: QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.