Unit 3 Housing and Interior Design

Report
Mrs. Dollard

Single Family Home
◦ are free standing, they don’t share walls with
another unit, may be one story or many, and offer
housing to a single family.

Multiple-family Housing
◦ Duplex--one building that contains two separate
units.

Multiplex--is similar to a duplex, but three or
more units share one building

Townhouse--homes built in rows and
attached to one another at the side walls

Apartments--this term covers any structure
that has rental units for more than 2 families

Condominium--individually owned units in a
multiple-family dwelling. The owner pays a
fee to cover maintaining hallways,
landscaping, and other common areas.

Cooperative--less common form of
ownership. Residents of a multiple-family
dwelling form an organization that owns the
building that owns the building. Members
must buy shares in the building in order to
have a living unit in the building. New
members must be voted on before buying
shares are allowed.

Mobile Home (manufactured housing)--are
movable dwellings. Mobile homes are built
and assembled at a factory and moved to its
location.





Location
Proximity to schools, shopping, church,
parks and recreation
Condition of neighborhood
Affordability
Does it meet the needs of the family:
◦ Appropriate size
◦ handicap accessible


Rent
◦ pay a monthly fee
◦ pay utilities
◦ no up keep
◦ no tax break on loan
Buy
◦ pride in ownership
◦ monthly payment
◦ tax break on interest paid on mortgage
◦ equity
◦ up keep


Personal space--place in the home where a
person can go for privacy
Family space--place in the home that is
shared by all that live there

Personal space to meet personal needs
◦ sleeping, dressing, reading, crafts, entertaining

Arrangement of personal space in areas
shared with another person
◦ create ways to dived the space

Organization of storage space
◦ eliminate clutter
◦ use unused space for storage

Furniture arrangement
 create definite areas for certain activities
 arrange furniture in a convenient and
functional groupings
 consider traffic patterns
 leave space between furniture so it can be
used comfortably
 have items needed in each area of personal
space
 choice of accessories reflects personal taste
 ways to display collections





COLOR
LINE
FORM/SHAPE
TEXTURE
SPACE

Color:
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
gives great life and beauty to room
expresses the personality of entire family
set the mood of a room
seem warmer or cooler
change the apparent size and shape of a room
tie other design elements together
disguise architectural flaws
creates a center of interest

Line--provides a sense of direction because
they cause your eye to move side to side or
up and down.
◦
◦
◦
◦
Vertical lines--point to the sky
Horizontal lines--relaxation, informality
Diagonal lines--activity, movement
Curved lines--activity or relaxation, depending on
the degree to which they are curved.

Form or Shape--make up the object’s shape,
the shape becomes three-dimensional, it gains
depth and is known as form
◦ Form is best determined by how it will be used,
otherwise known as its “function”

Texture--refers to the way a surface feels
when you touch it and to the way you expect
a surfaceto feel when you see it.
◦ Shiny
 brighter and lighter
◦ Smooth
◦ Dull
◦ Rough
 uneven surfaces absorb light and make a room seem
smaller

Space--refers to the three-dimensional area
to be designed such as the room itself
◦ Space can make a room seem quite different
depending on how it’s used
 cozy verses crowded

When used together in design, the elements
of color, line, form, and texture make sense
only when certain principles of design are
applied to them. They are:
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
Proportion
Balance
Emphasis
Rhythm
Harmony

Proportion--the way one part of a design
relates in size or shape to another or to the
whole.
◦ Based on form and size
◦ unequal proportion is more pleasing
 Furniture and accessories that are too large will crowd
a small room and make the room seem even smaller.

Balance--gives a feeling of equal weight
among parts of a design.
◦ Formal--objects on each side of an imaginary
centerline are the same
◦ Informal--the objects on each side of the center are
different in size, form, texture, or color

Emphasis--the point of greatest interest
◦ examples--fireplace, flower arrangement, artwork

Rhythm--feeling of movement, leading the
eye from one point to another
◦ Repetition--repeating color, line, form, texture
◦ Opposition--rhythm formed by lines meeting at
right angles
◦ Gradation--created by a change in color value from
dark to light
◦ Radiation--lines extend outward from a central
point, such as a bouquet of flowers
◦ Transition--rhythm found in curved lines

Harmony--the feeling that all parts of a
design belong together.
◦ Variety is interesting if objects grouped together
have something in common such as color

The ultimate goals of design are beauty, appropriateness
and unity with variation.
◦ Beauty--whatever you consider beautiful enough to go
into your home, will make your home a unique place.
◦ Appropriateness--colors appropriate for the mood,
forms appropriate for their function, and designs
appropriate for you personality.
◦ Unity with variation--design works best when one item
dominates and other items provide variety and contrast.
Rooms are pleasing if they have one dominate color, one
dominate line, one point of emphasis, one dominate type
of balance.



Primary
Secondary
Intermediate/Tertiary

Cool Colors
◦ green
◦ blue
◦ violet

Warm Colors
◦ yellow
◦ orange
◦ red

Monochromatic--variations of one color only
◦ light blue, blue, and dark blue

Complementary--made up of 2 colors directly
opposite each other on the color wheel
◦ blue and orange
◦ red and green

Triadic--3 colors the same distance from
one another on the color wheel
◦ red, blue and yellow


Analogous--2 or more colors next to each
other on the color wheel
◦ blue green, green, and blue
Split complementary--results when a color
is combined with colors on each side of its
complement
◦ blue, red-orange, yellow-orange
Color schemes:
http://www.paintquality.com/color/#






Dust in the direction of the grain
Never use water on wood furniture
Apply a bee’s wax polish once a year on wood
furniture
Vacuum upholstered furniture seasonally
Test cleaning products in an area not seen before
using on entire piece
Protect your furniture with coasters, tablecloths,
or glass to prevent damage

Daily
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
empty trash
make bed
wash dishes
put away clean dishes and wipe down counter
pick up dirty clothes and place in hamper
straighten up
put away clean clothes

Weekly
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
change bedding
clean out and organize refrigerator
clean bathroom
do laundry
vacuum
mop
mow grass
sweep porch, garage, deck

Seasonally
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
clean and straighten drawers
clean bed coverings
clean closets
wash windows and glass doors
shampoo carpets
vacuum upholstered furniture
wash curtains/dry clean drapes
clean out gutters

Protection from fires
◦ fire extinguishers
◦ smoke detectors

Protection from intruders
◦ lock doors and windows
◦ keep bushes trimmed back from windows
◦ well lighted entrances

Protection from falls
◦ well lighted stairs
◦ non-slip mats in bath

Protection from poisoning
◦ Poison control center





1-800-222-1222
don’t mix cleaning supplies
throw out old medicines
read directions
keep dangerous products out of reach of young
children
3/17/2015







Keep thermostat turned down to 68 degrees in
winter
Set air conditioner no lower than 78 degrees
use ceiling fans to circulate heat or cool air
install extra installation
use cold water when possible
run full loads of dishes and clothes
fill sink to rinse dishes instead of running water








Carpenter
Architect
Civil Engineers
Maintenance personal
Plumbers
Electricians
Interior Designers
Showroom salespeople




Likes to work with others
Good listener
Talented/Skilled in trade
Can visualize what others want

similar documents