Tamor MITFordShell Workshop Intro

Report
Ford Sustainbility
Challenges
Mike Tamor
Executive Technical Leader, HEV&FCV Technology
Ford Research & Advanced Engineering
Two ‘Legs’ of Sustainable Personal Transportation
• Use Less Fuel
– Reduce Gross Energy Consumption
• Weight, friction, aerodynamics, auxiliary loads
– Increase Instantaneous Powertrain Efficiency
• Advanced Combustion (eco-boost, HCCI …)
• Improved Driveline (dual-clutch transmission …)
– Increase Average Powertrain Efficiency
• HEV  Powertain Electrification
• Use Renewable Fuel
– Renewable Chemical Fuel
• Alternative Source of Fuel Does Not Equate to
Alternative Chemistry of Fuel
– Renewable Electricity  Fuel Electrification
Requirements for Transportation Fuel
‘Renewable’ or not, hydrogen (H2) and hydrocarbon (HC) are the
only suitable chemical carriers for transportation energy.
Use Series HEV for ‘Fuel Arbitrage’
Today’s Grid & Future HEV P/T in Today’s Platform*
Includes
Transmission Loss
Coal:
211 g/km
Nat. Gas:127 g/km
US Avg.: 130 g/km
 
Oil:
NG:
SR-NG:
Electrolysis:
145 g/km
114 g/km
173 g/km
517 g/km
170 g/km
today Includes Refining
 
SR-NG:
116 g/km
Electrolysis: 344 g/km
62 mpg
41 mpg
*transitional scenario
measures impact of new
vehicle technology with today’s
energy infrastructure.
0.33 kWhe/mile
0.200 kWh/km
Highly-optimized
Series HEV
Series-HEV as Power Generator vs. the Grid
EV - Grid Today
EV - SoA Grid
@ 220 Wh/km
Gasoline
HEV
Future
Coal
Future
NG
SRNG-FCV
CNG-HEV
Conventional
Vehicle
Ford Challenges
• Meeting aggressive CAFÉ and CO2 standards without
compromising attributes and remaining profitable.
– Light-weight material (cost, manufacturing, safety)
– Powertrain Electrification
• HEV (cost)
• PHEV (cost, cost, cost)
• BEV (cost3, range, re-charge time)
• Defining long-term (post-2020) platform and product
strategy in face of uncertain CO2 policy and renewable
fuel availability.
–
–
–
–
Is Ethanol the only renewable fuel?
Will CAFÉ be corrected for renewable fuel?
Will electricity be treated as zero-CO2?
How might non-vehicle CO2 emissions be tracked, and what is
anticipated strategic impact?
Thank You!
Crib from Graedeel & Allenby, ‘Industrial Ecology’, 1995
GHG
Emissions &
Oil
Dependenc
e
GHG Reduction
Vehicle Electrification
Increased CO2 from Coal
Energy ‘Independence’ Vehicle Electrification
Increased CO2 from Coal
Coal-to-Liquids
Be
careful what you wish for, “
you may receive it.
-- Aesop, The Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing
-- Jacobs, “The Monkey’s Paw”, Harpers (1902)

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