GREAT LAKES LITERACY PRINCIPLES: RELATING OCEAN LITERACY TO THE NORTH COAST Rosanne W. Fortner Lyndsey M. Manzo Director COSEE Great Lakes [email protected] Science Teacher Ohio Sea Grant Educator [email protected] 1 2 PURPOSE OF THE PRESENTATION To share information regarding Rationale for Great Lakes Literacy Principles Development and validation process Content of the principles and concepts Resources available at greatlakesliteracy.net Current uses with varied audiences 3 PARTNERS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GLLP 4 EVIDENCE OF NEED FOR GLLP Low knowledge among students [38-48%] Fortner & Mayer 1991 Public knowledge also low [45%] with recreationists somewhat higher [56%] Fortner et al. 1991 Great Lakes offer excellent opportunities to learn the range of science content in Standards NRC 1996 Teachers’ priorities for topics include water quality, water uses & conservation, environmental responsibility, toxic chemicals Fortner & Corney 2001; Fortner & Meyer 2000 Place-based education Sobel 2004; Malinowski & Fortner 2010 5 PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT October – December 2009 COSEE GL Advisors/Staff draft GLLPs based on Ocean Literacy and Lake Erie Literacy Reviewed by 80+ scientists & educators in Great Lakes region January – April 2010 Compilation and integration of suggestions Final review by key scientists & educators July – September 2010 Introduced at NMEA in TN Brochure and website development THE GREAT GREAT LAKES! 7o30” of latitude ~16o of longitude 16,000 km shoreline 20% of world’s fresh surface water 85 million people [1/4 of U.S. population] 13 million K-12 students 2 countries, 8 states, 2 provinces, 19 tribes Great Lakes literacy is an understanding of the Great Lakes’ influences on you and your influence on the Great Lakes. 6 7 A GREAT LAKES LITERATE PERSON understands the essential principles and fundamental concepts about the characteristics, functioning and value of the Great Lakes; can communicate accurately about the Great Lakes’ influence on systems and people in and beyond their watershed; and is able to make informed and responsible decisions regarding the Great Lakes and the resources of their watershed. 8 9 GREATLAKESLITERACY.NET Great Lakes Literacy Principles • brochure • pdf version • Link to Ocean Literacy Principles Educator Resources • Lessons (Greatest of the Great Lakes, Fresh & Salt) • Links to related data sets, information & supplemental materials • NSES alignment Development • Bridge from ocean literacy to Great Lakes literacy • Links to regional agencies • Contributors 10 RELATIONSHIP TO OCEAN AND LAKE ERIE LITERACY PRINCIPLES & FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS Resources Standards 11 RELATIONSHIP TO STANDARDS 12 13 RESOURCE PAGE Additional support for implementation: Lessons Content Links Datasets Tools 14 LESSONS COSEE Great Lakes Curricula 15 GLLP SPECIFIC RESOURCES 16 GLLP SPECIFIC RESOURCES 17 OTHER RESOURCES & LINKS 18 OTHER RESOURCES & LINKS 19 OTHER RESOURCES & LINKS AUDIENCES SERVED 21 USES IN EDUCATION Preservice and inservice teacher education courses at The Ohio State University, F.T. Stone Laboratory Eastern Michigan University [preservice and education research] University of Illinois [service learning] The College of Exploration [4 online workshops archived for educator use] PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT BY NOAA PARTNERS MI Sea Grant, 4200 4th grade students/year with 150 teachers; 1500 public attendees MI Sea Grant & EMU, lessons matched with GLLPs [began with NOAA ELG] 22 PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT BY NOAA PARTNERS Great Lakes Observing Systems Workshops, 2010 - 2011 23 Newspapers in Education, 2010, PA Sea Grant PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT BY NOAA PARTNERS Great Lakes Discovery Traveling display aligned with Principles Requires proposed activities to be aligned with Great Lakes Literacy Principles 24 25 INFORMAL EDUCATION AND OUTREACH Aquatic Visitor Center, South Bass Island, Lake Erie 12,000 visitors/season [5A, D, F, G, I, 6D] F.T. Stone Laboratory student workshops 150 teachers, 6000 students/yr [all GLLP] IL-IN, PA and NY Sea Grant educators, with GLRI support [6 A, C, F] 26 OTHER INFORMAL PARTNERS USING GLLP John G. Shedd Aquarium, Chicago Great Lakes Science Center, Cleveland Structuring programs around Great Lakes Literacy Great Lakes Aquarium, Duluth Expanding and updating Great Lakes Hall with Great Lakes Literacy Principles Great Lakes Research and Education Center, Indiana Dunes NP Guidance for programming and new exhibits Hosting new EPA programs with focus on Great Lakes Literacy Alliance for the Great Lakes Education Consortium focuses on Great Lakes Literacy Principles 27 USES BY SCIENTISTS Michigan State University, geography courses Grand Valley State University, limnology courses USEPA GLNPO programs for R/V Lake Guardian CILER animations of Principles 28 REACHING OUT TO EDUCATION GROUPS National COSEE Council, ongoing since 9/09 National Science Teachers Association, 3/10 National Project WET Conference, 6/10 National Marine Educators Association, 7/10 State science education and EE associations, since 7/10 North American Association for Environmental Education, 10/10 NOAA Education Council, 7/11 National Council for Geographic Education, 8/11 Great Lakes Stewardship Initiative, 11/11 Great Lakes Climate Change Science and Education Systemic Network , 1. The Great Lakes, bodies of fresh water with many features, are connected to each other and to the world ocean. A. GL dominate North American landscape, form political boundary B. System includes Lakes Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie, Ontario; plus connections, harbors, bays C. 20% of world’s fresh surface water; coastline longer than Atlantic D. Flow West-East; rivers transport materials into watershed and ocean E. Integral part of water cycle, impacted by system changes F. Currents within lakes, influenced by wind, waves, density, sun, shape of basin G. Lake levels change with precipitation, runoff, snowmelt, evaporation, wind. H. Stratification occurs winter and summer in some parts of lakes; turnover restores nutrients and O2 to depths. I. Although Lakes are large, resources are limited. 2. Natural forces formed the GL; the lakes continue to shape the watershed’s features. A. B. C. D. E. Bedrock types: igneous & metamorphic in upper lakes, sedimentary in lower lakes. Many rocks shaped by glaciers. Ice Ages brought mile-thick ice, depressed crust that is rebounding now; Beach ridges mark ancient lake shores. Lake level changes influence physical features of coast. Erosion definition and materials movement Sediments, origin and distribution 3. GL influence local and regional weather and climate A. B. C. D. E. GL affect weather and climate by impacting the basin’s energy and water cycles. Water cycle processes in the GL region GL modify local weather and climate Influence on regional climate; downwind precipitation GL are influenced by larger climate change patterns; with global change the region can expect warmer and drier conditions. 4. Water makes Earth habitable; fresh water sustains life on land. A. B. Fresh water has unique properties. Its density and electrical conductivity [a measure of salinity] are lower than that of salt water. Water is essential for life. All living processes occur in an aqueous environment. 5. The GL support a broad diversity of life and ecosystems. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. Size range from bacteria to sturgeon Most life is microorganisms; important 10 producers GL watershed supports organisms from every kingdom on Earth. Life cycles, adaptations and relationships Habitat is 3-Dimensional, from shoreline and surface to lake floor Habitats defined by environmental factors; life not evenly distributed Ecosystem processes affect distribution & diversity. Wetlands, including marshes and estuaries, provide important ecosystem values and functions. Ecosystem altered by non-native species 6. The GL and humans in their watersheds are inextricably connected. A. B. C. D. E. F. GL supply fresh water, food, minerals, energy to >40M people 1/3 of N Am population lives in the GL watershed. Lakes affected directly by human decisions and actions in 8 states, 2 provinces, and tribal lands Laws govern input and withdrawal from lakes; development, pollution, biological alteration impacts Land use, natural hazards, shoreline modifications can exacerbate effects of natural changes. People must learn to live sustainably to conserve & manage resources. 7. Much remains to be learned about the Great Lakes. A. B. C. D. E. F. Ongoing explorations offer opportunity for inquiry and investigation. Understanding is more than curiosity; it contributes to protection of the system and its resources. The GL have changed over time; sustainability depends on understanding the potential and the limitations of the system. New technologies expand exploration, monitoring, and information for decision making. Models help understand complexity the complexity of the GL. GL understanding is interdisciplinary, requires collaboration, education and communication. 8. The GL are socially, economically and environmentally significant to the region, the nation and the planet. A. B. C. D. E. F. GL are sources of Inspiration, recreation, renewal and discovery; they are also important in the heritage of many cultures. The GL have been important in historical human settlement. Climate moderation affects on culture, agriculture, health, activities Shipping moves millions of tons of cargo annually through the lakes, but is also a vector for nonnative species invading the system. The economy associated with the Great Lakes is diverse. Historical degradation & lessons learned; now the GL are a model for environmental protection, restoration, innovation. 37 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS COSEE CA sponsorship Ohio Sea Grant Communications COSEE GL staff and advisors Reviewers of drafts Early adopters!