CA Doctrine and Concepts (NOV 2013)

Report
Unified Action
Synchronization,
coordination, and/or
integration of the activities of
governmental and nongovernmental entities with
military operations to
achieve unity of effort
Offensive
Support to GCCs and
Ambassadors
Lasting
Stable
Peace
To Achieve . . .
Scene Setter
Defensive
Unified Land Operations
How the Army seizes, retains, and exploits
the initiative to gain and maintain a
position of relative advantage in sustained
land operations through simultaneous
offensive, defensive, and stability
operations in order to prevent or deter
conflict, prevail in war, and create the
conditions for favorable conflict resolution.
Stability
DSCA
By Means of the Army’s Core Competencies . . . Provides the Operational Context
Combined Arms Maneuver
The application of the elements of combat power in unified action to defeat
enemy ground forces; to seize, occupy, and defend land areas; and to
achieve physical, temporal, and psychological advantages over the enemy
to seize and exploit the initiative.
Wide Area Security
The application of the elements of combat power in unified action to
protect populations, forces, infrastructure, and activities; to deny the
enemy positions of advantage; and to consolidate gains in order to retain
the initiative.
With Defeat or Stability Mechanisms . . . How Friendly Forces Accomplish the Mission
Destroy
Dislocate
Disintegrate
Isolate
Influence
Support
Compel
Control
The realm of Civil Affairs and Military
Governance Operations
PREVENT
UNCLASSFIED/FOUO
SHAPE
Foreign Humanitarian Assistance
Build Partner Capacity
Support to Civil Administration
Control Populations and Resources
Transitional Military Authority
Transition
WIN
1
CA Mission
MISSION
1-1. The mission of CA forces is to is to mitigate or defeat threats to civil society and
conduct responsibilities normally performed by civil governments across the range of
military operations by engaging and influencing the civil populace and authorities through
the planning and conducting of CAO, or to enable CMO, to shape the civil environment
and set the conditions for military operations. CA forces plan, prepare for, execute,
assess, and transition CAO at all levels of war. Joint Publication (JP) 3-57, Civil-Military
Operations, states Civil Affairs forces are designated Active and Reserve Component
forces and units organized, trained, and equipped specifically to conduct civil affairs
operations and to support civil-military operations. As defined, CA refers to the force
structure—Soldiers, teams, staff personnel, and units. CA forces conduct CAO supported
by other forces. CAO support the JFC’s CMO intent and are synchronized with the
supported commander’s operational concept.
1-2. CA forces support unified land operations in every environment across the range of
military operations. During unified land operations, CA forces conduct CAO that support
and are nested within the overall mission and commander’s intent. CAO are a
cornerstone to the successful execution of stability tasks.
FM 3-57 Change 1, 30 September 2013
ARMY TASKS and PURPOSES
Army forces demonstrate the Army’s core competencies through decisive action—
the continuous, simultaneous combinations of offensive, defensive, and
stability or defense support of civil authorities tasks. (ADRP 3-0)
CIVIL AFFAIRS MISSION VERBS
CIVIL ENGAGEMENT: COGNITIVE SCALE
Inform
C1
Facilitate Coordinate Collaborate
C2
C3
C4
De-conflict
C5
Resolve
C5
Mitigate
C5
Influence Develop
C6
C6
CIVIL ENGAGEMENT: PHYSICAL SCALE
Distribute
P1
Deliver Contract Supervise
P2
P2
P3
Construct
P3
Conduct
P4
Sustain
P4
CIVIL RECONNAISANCE: COGNITIVE SCALE
Identify
C1
Verify
C2
Refute
C3
Process
C3
Analyze
C4
Review
C5
Assess
C6
CIVIL RECONNAISANCE: PHYSICAL SCALE
Observe
P1
Inspect
P2
Monitor
P3
Detect
P4
Verbs in Red do not exist in TRADOC Pamphlet 350-70-1
UNCLASSFIED/FOUO
DRAFT / Pre-Decisonal
4
TEMPLATING - METT-TC
MISSION
METT-TC
POPULATION
AREA
Civil Considerations
• Size
• Ethnicities
• Religions
Terrain & Weather
• Urban, Desert,
Jungle, Mountain
• Season / Temp
METT-TC
METT-TC
RESOURCES
HN CAPACITY
Troops,Time,Support
METT-TC
Civil Considerations
METT-TC
MILITARY GOVERNMENT MISSION VERBS
SCA & TMA: COGNITIVE SCALE
Estimate
C2
Implement
C3
Manage
C4
Integrate
C5
Mitigate
C5
Educate
P2
Advise
P3
Develop
C6
TMA ONLY
SCA & TMA: PHYSICAL SCALE
Train
P1
Influence
C6
Assist
P4
Direct
P4
Conduct
P5
Govern
P6
Verbs in Red do not exist in TRADOC Pamphlet 350-70-1
UNCLASSFIED/FOUO
DRAFT / Pre-Decisonal
6

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