Migration and The Early Caribbean Culture

By: Maurica Roachford, Shaquille Job, Akeil Garcia,
Crystol Caesar
 Migration is the physical movement of people from
one area to another, sometimes over a long distances
or in large groups.
Types of Migration
 Internal Migration: Moving to a new home within a
state, country, or continent.
 Regional Migration: Moving from one place to another
within the same geographical region.
 International Migration: Moving from one place to
another that is outside the geographical region.
The Caribbean is a region that has
experienced significant migrations, each
impacting on our social life and culture.
 The first people who migrated to the Caribbean were
the Tainos and the Kalinagoes.
 The Tainos was a peaceful tribe, who were chase by the
kalinagoes for their food and woman.
 Some Tainos migrated from Asia to the Caribbean
Tainos and Kalinagoes Impact on
Our Culture
 Amerindians introduced tobacco smoking, use of
 Medicinal properties of plants and herbs, tropical
products such as root crops, beans etc.
 The European were the second persons to migrate to
the Caribbean.
 Christopher Columbus traveled the world to prove his
theory that the earth was round. Columbus was
supported by the Spanish royal family who was hoping
to get riches from the orient before her rivals (France,
 The migratory movement during the Columbian
period was westward across the Atlantic.
The Europeans Impact on Our
 The Spaniards introduced better island transport
Sturdier houses( Spanish wall).
More elaborate system of government Cabildo,
A new religion (Christianity),
New crops such as sugar cane, banana, citrus (except
grapefruit), different style of dressing, new animals
such as chickens, pigs, goats cattle.
 The Africans came to the Caribbean in the 17th, 18th
and 19th century.
 Millions of Africans were imported into the Caribbean
society by the whites in the Atlantic slave trade. The
Africans were physically and mentally abused and
forced to work on the plantation.
Africans Impact on Our Culture
 Religion- practices which can be recognized in the
cults of obeah, voodoo and Shango.
 Language- Caribbean invented a common language.
This led to the emergence of patois (mixture of
African, French, English and Spanish dialects)
 Food- yam, cocoa, asham, fu-fu, susumba, peanut,
 Music- (congo -talking drum, Abeng, xylophone,
bamboo fife, Jamaican banjo).
 With the abolition of slavery, the planters turned to
Asia for a new supply of labour and for decades
thousands of East Indians(1838) and Chinese{1853)
were brought to the West Indies under a contractual
arrangement to labour on the sugar plantations mainly
in Guyana Trinidad and to a lesser extent Jamaica.
Asians Impact on the Caribbean
 Introduction of new technologies- processing of sugar
 New architectural style using different building
materials: Spanish wall, Georgian.
 New languages: Spanish, English, Dutch, French etc.
 (Jeniffer Mohammed) Caribbean Studies for CAPE
Examinations An Interdisciplinary Approach.

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