Port evolution

Report
Port constitutive elements & boundaries
Trafi seminar - Helsinki,
September, 16 & 17 2014
EU Commission -Technical Aspects of Port Area Security (TAPS II) developed in
accordance with Annex I of the
Administrative Arrangement No
TREN/08/ST/S07/95282 between DG MOVE and DG JRC
TAPS II Purpose
• TAPS II study addressed the security of the EU port areas
and the application of Directive 65/2005, including the
protection of EU ports from the waterside.
• The work focused primarily on the methodology applied
or applicable in EU ports for the efficient application of
the directive and the technical/scientific aspects/means
for its implementation.
TAPS II Terms of reference
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Legal requirements of Directive 65
Port protection from the waterside
Definition of port boundaries
Security of facilities not being port facilities
Coordination of port facilities and port security
TAPS II Work planning – 5 work packages (WP):
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Definition and context – Systemic outlook of the port
Port boundaries
Waterside port area control (surface and underwater)
Public infrastructure and non-port facilities
Coordination aspects
The definition of ort boundaries
Contents
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Port evolution and consequences
Defining port boundaries : a complex approach
Crossed vulnerability in a complex environment
Boundaries as a phisical limit or as a domain
Port essential and cohesion elements
Proposal for port boundaries definition
Old ports - city ports
• general cargo
• close to core-part of hosting cities.
• expansion of backup areas hardly possible
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Port evolution
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new port functions (e.g. industrial function)
new ships sizes
new operational requirements
containers and technological evolution of intermodal transport
ro – ro
ports changes
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Consequences
• impact on inter-land and inter-land connections (roads,
railways, waterways)
• Need for new facilities and new locations
Port facilities moved toward peripheral or seaward areas, far
from the core of hosting cities
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
• The three phases of port expansion according Any port model
• The process caused port sites adjacent to towns to become
obsolete and to be abandoned, ready for a reconversion
process.
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
• History, tradition, evolution and development, legal and
administrative frameworks
port layout, port boundaries, links with hosting cities and “urban
areas”.
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
The result of this evolution: the port layout
• several factors involved: geographical, historical, political,
operational, etc.
• New ports - old city ports
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
• ports and hosting city relations affected by several factors:
- laws and rules, historical and social, geographical and
morphological aspects, functional requirements, etc.
• The waterfront: a complex struggle
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
How to define boundaries in a complex
environment
• Minimum effort approach
• Functional approach
• Port lay-out approach
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
The systemic approach
• the port is a complex entity resulting to a complex security
system
• all port areas which have a role in the economy of the port
• port operations are the complex result of combined activities
which have their centres inside the port.
• vulnerabilities and risks according a more complex evaluation
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
• The use of a systemic approach will help in:
• including all the important or essential functions of the port;
• considering crossed vulnerabilities among port areas and the
entire port;
• avoiding too fragmented boundaries;
• reaching a proper rate of coherence in port security measures
• adding value to the security of port areas and facilities in
comparison to the other considered approaches.
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
• According this approach the vulnerability of a system
depends on the vulnerability of all its components
• A more complete vision of the port system does not imply the
automatic application of similar security measures
• Security measures are to be defined according clusters of
similar areas
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Security crossed vulnerabilities
Vulnerability
of area XX
Influence as an
adjacent area
Influence on port
services
Vulnerability
Of area YY
HAZAMAT
Vulnerability
of the entire
port
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Definition of port boundaries
• Boundaries as a physical limit
• Boundaries as a domain
2 interlinked concepts : - How boundaries should be defined?
- what a port should consist of?
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Port boundaries as a physical limit
• land boundaries
• Waterside boundaries:
- one of the most important essential elements of the ports;
- strong port cohesion element between different port
facilities
and port areas
- a clear postulate of art. 3.1 of the Directive 65/2005
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Port boundaries as a domain
Parameters affecting port boundaries definition
• port cohesion elements
• Freight type, geographic location, sea and land access, urban
aspect
• port size
• Cross coupled vulnerability
• Need for homogenous & continuous security measures
• port area clusters
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Port essential elements
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PFs
main port infrastructure
water zones and access
inland access
essential port services
general port services
emergency services
Other
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Port essential elements = cohesion elements
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PFs
main port infrastructure
water zones and access
inland access
essential port services
general port services
emergency services
Other
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Port boundary definition process
2 consequent phases :
a) port essential elements definition
b) port additional elements definition
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
1° Phase
• Identification of all port essential constitutive elements
• Identification of a list of port facilities
• Mapping of port cohesion elements vs port facilities
• Identification of relation and interdipendence between port
facilities and port constitutive elements
Identification of port essential elements including a list of port
facilities as part of the same port
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Cohesion
Elements
Port A
Identification
PF 1
PF 2
PF 3
PF 4
Main
Breakwater, dockside
infrastructure
FS
PS
PS
--
Essential
services
Pilotage, towage, mooring, boatmen
PS
PS
PS
PS
Water zones
Corridor as per map, anchorages
FS
PS
--
--
Inland access
Access to national highway
PS
PS
--
--
General
services
Bunkering, supplies, waste reception
PS
PS
--
--
Emergency
services
…..
FS
FS
FS
FS
Supporting
services
….
PS
PS
PS
PS
Other
……
PS
PS
PS
PS
FS  Share fully, if the element of cohesion is, at a great extent, shared with Port A
PS  Share partially, if the element of cohesion is only marginally shared with Port A
--  No sharing, if the element of cohesion is not shared at all with Port A
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Completing the process
2° Phase
• Identification of additional elements
• Verification of the port layout
• Consideration of crossed vulnerabilities (waterzones) and
Permeability to external agents
• Identification of smart pragmatic solutions (orography, roads
network, port infrastructure)
• Avoiding too fragmented boundaries
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
• identification of
infrastructure)
1
2
3
additional
elements
Area classification
Additional elements
Priority
A 1 (non-operational)
Power supply, sector 1
1
A 2 (non-operational)
Industrial area, sector 2
2
A 3 (public)
Restaurants, shops and pubs, sector 3
3
A 4 (public)
Parking, sector 4
1
A 4 (public)
Railways station, sector 3
2
A 5 …..
….. ……
….
(areas,
assets,
 Priority 1: to be included
 Priority 2: to be considered
 Not to be included
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
The final goal :
The definition of port boundaries
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Additional notes
• careful consideration should be given to the presence
(permanent or occasional) of dangerous goods
• The inclusion of an area in the port security boundaries
doesn’t mean that it has to be fenced or submitted to access
restrictions
• clusters of homogenous areas, in terms of access restrictions,
risks and potential incident effects should be identified
• Areas not considered in this process will be out of the
application of any security measures and will not contribute
to the security of the port at all.
PORT EVOLUTION - A COMPLEX APPROACH - CROSSED VULNERABILITIES - PORT BOUNDARIES – PORT COHESION ELEMENTS – PROPOSALS
Port boundary
definition process
• Guidelines for the definition of port boundaries under
Directive 2005/65/EC developed by DG MOVE and agreed by
Members States within the MARSEC Committee
• MARSEC 5110 – Rev.1
Thank you for your attention!
Cmdr Massimo Mosconi
Italian Coast Guard- Genoa District Office
Via Magazzini Generali n. 4
16123- GENOVA (ITALY)
+39 010 2777496
[email protected]

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