Lesson learnt on cholera Project 2010-2011

Report
West and Central Africa Regional WASH Coordination Model
DG ECHO - Aide Humanitaire & Protection Civile
Experience at regional level
in West and Central Africa
A regional space for improving the efficiency of the
humanitarian response
Strengthening the WASH coordination and inter-sectoral
collaboration from the regional till the country level
Christophe Valingot (ECHO RO), Jainil Didaraly, (RECA WCAR), François Bellet (UNICEF RO)
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
West and Central Africa Regional WASH Coordination Model
DG ECHO - Aide Humanitaire & Protection Civile
Experience at regional level
in West and Central Africa
1. Specific regional background
2. Joint WASH regional approach
3. Regional added value
Christophe Valingot (ECHO RO), Jainil Didaraly, (RECA WCAR), François Bellet (UNICEF RO)
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
1. Specific regional background
Humanitarian background:
Countries in Emergencies :
• Half of 24 in chronic or frequent crisis
• Around 10 (national) clusters or “emergency sector groups”
activated: DRC, CAR, Chad, Mali, Niger, Guinea, Ivory Coast,
Togo, Benin, “Burkina”, “Mauritania”…
• 2-4 millions of vulnerable (WASH) assisted each year
W C A R C risis S ea son
C h o lera etc. : B en in , C on go, C am eroun , D R C ,
Jan
F eb
M ar
A pr
M ay
Jun
July
A ug
S ept
O ct
N ov
D ec
G am b ia, G h ana, G u in ea, G u in ea B issau , Lib eria, N igeria, N iger,
S en egal, S ierra L eon e, T o go
F loo d :
S en egal, G am b ia, G u in ea B issau , Sierra L eon e,
Lib eria, C ote d ’Iv oire G h an a, T ogo, B en in , M au ritan ia, B u rkina
Faso
N u tritio n C risis : N orth ern B enin , B u rk in a , C h ad ,
N C ote d ’Iv oire, N G h an a, G u in ea, M ali, M au ritan ia, N iger, N .
N igeria, S en egal, N T ogo, C A R , C am eroon
M ea sles : B u rk in a Faso, N iger, M ali
M en ing itis:
B u rk in a Faso, C had, M ali, N ige r, N igeria,
N orth T ogo, N orth B enin, C A R , D R C , C am eroon
E lectio n s: B u rkin a, C ote d ’Iv oire, C am erou n,
D R C , etc.
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
1. Specific regional background
Institutional framework:
Informal regional level:
• “Regional Clusters” () (hosted by OCHA RO) set-up from the
informal regional IASC for the regional CAP (2008-2011)
• Regional “Groups” () facing regional lead agencies ()
among the Sahel Strategy (2012-2013, SRP 2014+)
Various regional groups:
• Sectors: Nut/Food Sec. ; WASH () ; Health ; Education…
• Themes: DRR, Cash Transfer; Cholera Platform ( ->
)
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
1. Specific regional background
Institutional framework:
Regional geographic Dakar (RO) coverage:
• ONGs, RC, UN, Donors…
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
1. Specific regional background
WASH Group focus:
• Coordination: preparedness and response (GWC tools & training)
• Main battles: Delay of the response (), top down approach (),
generic activities (), “hygiene” (WASH), mono lead agency (),
sectoral opportunism ($) etc.
Humanitarian (WASH) thresholds:

Cholera morbidity

Flood victims

Population displacement

Acute malnutrion

Urban crises...
Reactivity &
targeting
WASH minimum packages:
 “Hygiene + Water +
Sanitation” per vulnerability
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
HNO Sahel
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Undernutrion
Sahel
Cholera
Floods
Displacements
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
Others
Joint Regional Analysis
Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Undernutrion
Sahel
Cholera
Floods
Displacements
WASH-in-NUT
Strategy
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
Others
Joint Regional Analysis
Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Undernutrion
Sahel
Cholera
Floods
Displacements
Shared vision on the problem & response analysis :
WASH-in-NUT
Strategy
• Low interest in the WASH component of the crisis
• Under funding of the WASH part of the response
• Need for a common ground of evidences / good
practices
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
Others
Joint Regional Analysis
Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Undernutrion
Sahel
Cholera
Floods
Displacements
Definition of a regional strategy
WASH-in-NUT
Strategy
Bibliography
/ review
of existing
evidences
• • Sahel:
WaSH Min
package
(Niger, Mali,
Tchad,
• Burkina);
Definition
of a minimum
wash package
of activities
superposed
GIS mapping
WaSH-malnut
with
• RRT
Integration
into the UNICEF
regional nutrition
crisis
IMO for strategic
decision-making
(Chad, Mali);
response
• Included
in framework
8/9 Sahel countries CAPs + DRC HAP
• (Intercluster
Financial support
level) through ECHO funding
• Capitalisation work / capture of good practices
• Monitoring & support to national actors
Global Wash Cluster Meeting -October 2013, Jakarta
Others
Joint Regional Analysis
Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Undernutrion
Sahel
Cholera
Floods
Displacements
Cholera
Strategy
Global Wash Cluster Meeting -October 2013, Jakarta
Others
Joint Regional Analysis
Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Undernutrion
Sahel
Cholera
Floods
Displacements
Others
Joint Regional Analysis
Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
Shared vision on the problem & response analysis :
Cholera
Strategy
• Reccurent cholera outbreak with an increasing
frequency
• Low response capacity / too late
• Despite increasing knowledge, lack of
standardised response (pb of knowledge
transmission and application)
• Lack of long term investments
Global Wash Cluster Meeting -October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Undernutrion
Sahel
Cholera
Cholera
Strategy
Floods
Displacements
Others
Joint Regional Analysis
Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
• Regional Cholera mapping (Taskforces/Intercluster
Definition
of a matrix);
regionalIntercluster
strategy matrix Niger
functionnality
• Dakar HHA Regional Workshop; Dakar Regional
• Cholera
Bibliography
– review
best practices
Prep/Resp
training;ofKinshasa
Sub-regional
Forum;
ECHO-UNICEF-RECA)
• Cholera
Definition
of Niger
the «(Joint
shield
and sword »
Cholera
response Lessons Learned workshop;
strategy
Leone);
WiEresponse
trainings
• Capitalization
Integration (Guinea/Sierra
in the regional
cholera
(Ouaga 2Rs,Goma)
framework (UNICEF/plate-forme régionale)
• SIMEX cholera DRC /common SOF-indicators
• HCC/WCC;
Financial support through ECHO funding
Capitalisation
/ Monitoring
•• Cross-border
alerts
and remote support to
preparedness;
• Advocacy through donor liaison (OFDA)
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Undernutrion
Sahel
Cholera
Floods
Displacements
Others
Joint Regional Analysis
Major Humanitarian issues at Regional level
Work in Progress…
• Floods: Niger Harmonized assessment
tool (CAT contextualized)
• Displacements: Joints visits ECHO-UNHCRUNICEF
• WCAR ‘TWiG’ Malaria
Global Wash Cluster Meeting -October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Joint Regional Analysis
Major humanitarian issues at regional level
Definition of Regional Strategies
& diffusion through national coordination bodies
Joint Monitoring Matrix & Analysis
Indicators – national and regional analysis
Joint Support / Follow up missions
Best Practices Capitalisation
Knowledge sharing events & KM
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
Capitalisation
Lessons learned
Follow up &
Support
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Strategic Guidance
Funding
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
2. Joint WASH regional approach
Regional level :
Ideal place for analysis, cross border and inter
country experience sharing, capitalisation and
knowledge management
Country 1
Actor 1
Country 2
Actor 2
Actor 3
Country 3
Country 4
Actor 4

RECA
an entry
partners
suchresponse
as NGOs(reinventing
(beyond ECHO
Veryenables
useful for
longerpoint
termthrough
improvement
of the
thepartners
wheel) and
funded
OCHA,

Basedprojects),
on a Bottom
Up etc
 Top Down Approach

Increase
and
performance
of clusters(RECA
is alevel
parallel channel which
Need toaccountability
build on a well
functionning
national
coordination
allows partners to provide feedbacks on Cluster performance &point out inefficiencies or
voice out alerts to regional level)
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
3. Regional added value
Regional Group added value (Limitation - Survey done at regional level)
Satisfaction Survey
Soutien aux pays
Partage de l'information & Alerte
Capitalisation & information sharing
Fonctionnement du groupe WASH
régional
Harmonisation / cohérence
Utilité et intérêt de la coordination
WASH régionale
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90% 100%
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
3. Regional added value
Challenges :
• Fragile : Based on individuals, commited to work together and to support the
regional coordination
• Informal status : Lack of legitimity to bring some countries / partners together
towards the implementation of regional strategies
• National coordination performance level : In the end, the success of the regional
approach depends on a well functionning national coordination (need for ad hoc
support)
• Capitalisation / information sharing : Need to build a strong regional knowledge
management system which could ease the learning process for newcomers
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
3. Regional added value
Ideal (WASH) regional coordination ?
•
•
Ensure as a « Co-lead »
the equilibrium for the
representation of the
Collective by CLA and Colead (Donor, ECHO) sides
Equality
Complementarity
Facilitates the access to
info & touchy feedbacks/
views
Transparency
Partnership principles
Responsibility
RECA support

Results driven
• Trainings, IACP, Capacitymapping, SIMEX, LL Workshops,
• WiN adopted & included in 8/9
Sahel countries CAPs + DRC HAP !
• Cross-border alerts, Cross-country
exchanges, capitalization…!
WCAR WASH Coordination Model
THANK YOU
Global WASH Cluster Meeting - October 2013, Jakarta

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