Visual Literacy

Report
Professional Development Workshop
for High School Teachers
Shoshana Gray & Staci Greenwald




Understand the concepts involved in visual
literacy
Understand the importance of visual literacy
Become aware of your own visual literacy
Learn how to use visual tools in your
classroom to increase your students’ visual
literacy
“Visual literacy is the learned ability to interpret
visual messages accurately and to create such
messages (Heinich, et. al. as cited in Pettersson, 2009, p. 38).

Xtranormal Video
Images combine all media forms and are a synthesis of
language, discourse, and viewing (2). ~Ron Burnett
[Data from 2009]
From the Kaiser Family Foundation Report:
Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8-to-18-year-olds

Design

Association

Context

Shape

Angles/Direction

Color

Placement
The intersections of creativity, viewing, and critical reflection are
fundamental to the very act of engaging with images in all of their
forms (13). ~Ron Burnett
Images: Microsoft Office 2007 clipart
(Bang, M., 2000, p. 17)
(Bang, M., 2000, p. 23)
(Bang, M., 2000, p. 40)



What are your emotions as you view this
image?
Does it remind you of something?
Does it have a connection with something else
that is commonly understood?
shutterstock.com
http://preparednesspro.wordpress.com/2009/09/08/the-next-911/heart-of-a-soldier-james-b-stewart/
http://www.terragalleria.com/parks/np-image.redw20669.html via Google images
Photograph by Simon Howden; accessed via freedigitalphotos.net.
Photograph by Suat Eman; accessed via freedigitalphotos.net.
http://www.geraldbrimacombe.com/west_coast_1.htm via Google Images.
What happened when you viewed these images?




What is the relative context of the image?
Is it placed together with other images?
Has it been manipulated?
Does it have a caption or text associated with
it?
There is no such thing as an image divorced from a variety of
media or social contexts of use and application (6).
~Ron Burnett
http://www.dezeen.com/category/events/new-designers-07/
(Wilde & Wilde, 1991, p. 119)
(Wilde & Wilde, 1991, p. 119)
(Wilde & Wilde, 1991, p. 115)
(Wilde & Wilde, 1991, p. 115)


Net Neutrality
In groups of 3, take a few minutes to discuss
the images you saw in the video.
What message did you receive?
 Identify elements of design, association, and context
that lead you to understanding the images the way
you did.
 Use the handout to focus your discussion and take
notes.


What did you determine about:




The audience to whom this was directed?
The purpose for this video?
Any indirect communication?
What visual clues lead to your interpretation ?



Design
Association
Relative context

Now that you have an increased awareness of
the power of visual images, how can you apply
this to your teaching?
Images are no longer just representations or interpreters of
human actions. They have become central to every activity
that connects humans to each other and to technology. ~Ron
Burnett

Find ways to incorporate visual tools into your
lesson plans.
Benefits:
 Targets visual learners
 Provides outlet for teaching visual literacy
 Engages students
Microsoft Office 2007 clipart
Oakland Museum of California. (2003)
Images can say a great deal, but they can speak differently to different people.
In this activity, you will pick the caption you feel best describes what is taking
place in each photograph.
Oakland Museum of California. (2003)
Thousands attend “Welcome Home” rally for Arthur Ashe after his historymaking win at Wimbledon.
Oakland Museum of California. (2003)
Huey P. Newton, co-founder of the Black Panther Party, addresses a crowd of
supporters in front of the Alameda County Courthouse in Oakland.
Singer Damon Harris motivates the crowd outside the Bateson Building in
Sacramento during a peaceful protest against the ban on interracial marriages.
Oakland Museum of California. (2003)
Which is the correct caption?
1. Thousands attend “Welcome Home” rally for Arthur Ashe after his historymaking win at Wimbledon.
2. Huey P. Newton, co-founder of the Black Panther Party, addresses a crowd of
supporters in front of the Alameda County Courthouse in Oakland.
3. Temptations singer, Damon Harris, serenades a crowd of peaceful protesters
outside the Bateson Building in Sacramento.
Oakland Museum of California. (2003)
Which is the correct caption?
1. Thousands attend “Welcome Home” rally for Arthur Ashe after his historymaking win at Wimbledon.
2.Huey
Huey P.
P. Newton,
Newton, co-founder
co-founder of
of the
the Black
Black Panther
Panther Party,
Party, addresses
addresses aa crowd
crowd of
of
supporters
supporters in
in front
front of
of the
the Alameda
Alameda County
County Courthouse
Courthouse in
in Oakland.
Oakland.
3. Temptations singer, Damon Harris, serenades a crowd of peaceful protesters
outside the Bateson Building in Sacramento.
Oakland Museum of California. (2003)
Correct answer:
#2 Entertainer Paul Robeson sings to laborers working at the
racially integrated Moore Shipyards in Oakland, California, on
September 21, 1942.
Oakland Museum of California. (2003)
Correct answer:
#3 Three First Class seamen stationed at Port Chicago examine the shrapnel
remaining from the infamous 1944 explosion that killed 320 sailors.
Oakland Museum of California. (2003)

Capitalize on teachable moments that come up
spontaneously in classroom discussions.
Advertisements
 Elections
 Movies

Crucially, it is the many ways in which images
“materialize” metaphors that gives them such
transformative power (42). ~Ron Burnett

Seglem, R., & Witte, S. (2009, November). You gotta see
it to believe it: Teaching visual literacy in the English
classroom. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 53(3),
216-226. doi:10.1598/JAAL.53.3.3
Microsoft Office 2007 clipart
By teaching students how to read and view all texts critically, not
just the traditional print texts, teachers can build upon the
skills students need to read and write, increasing their literacy
levels in all areas (224). ~Seglem & Witte
Microsoft Office 2007 clipart







Bang, M. (2000). Picture this: How pictures work. San Francisco: SeaStar
Books.
Burnett, R. (2004). How images think. Massachusetts Institute of
Technology.
Flynt, E. S., & Brozo, W. (2010, March). Visual literacy and the content
classroom: A question of now, not when. The Reading Teacher, 63(6), 526528. doi:10.1598/RT.63.6.11
Oakland Museum of California. (2003). Visual literacy activities. In Picture
this. Retrieved from http://museumca.org/picturethis/visual.html
Rideout, V. J., Foehr, U. G., & Roberts, D. F. (2010, January). Generation
m2: Media in the lives of 8- to 18-year-olds. Retrieved from The Kaiser
Family Foundation website:
http://www.kff.org/entmedia/upload/8010.pdf
Seglem, R., & Witte, S. (2009, November). You gotta see it to believe it:
Teaching visual literacy in the English classroom. Journal of Adolescent &
Adult Literacy, 53(3), 216-226. doi:10.1598/JAAL.53.3.3
Wilde, J., & Wilde, R. (1991). Visual literacy: A conceptual approach to graphic
problem solving. New York: Watson-Guptil Publications.
•Image Sources cited on each slide

similar documents