WWII Notes

I. A weak League of Nations
A. The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed by more than 60
countries and made war illegal.
B. Japan
1. Japan invaded Manchuria and the League of Nations was
powerless to stop it.
2. China then withdrew from the League since it refused to help
C. Italy
1. Took over Ethiopia
2. Italy was the Aggressor and economic sanctions were placed
against it, but the League of Nations had no military force to
back it up.
II. Germany
A. Hitler withdrew Germany from the league
of nations and began arming his country.
B. Germany moved into the Rhineland
violating the treaty of Versailles
C. Hitler made a pact with Mussolini calling
themselves the Axis Powers
D. Hitler then Annexed Austria and the
League of Nations took no action.
III. Appeasement
A. Hitler moved into Czechoslovakian
territory of the Sudetenland.
B. On September 29, 1938, Hitler called the
Munich Conference
1. Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier
and Benito Mussolini were in attendence.
2. They agreed to give in to Hitler’s
Questions Pages 788-795
1. Why was the Nazi-Soviet Pact important to Germany?
2. How did the Western Powers react to Hitler attacking
3. Who became Prime Minister in Britain after
4. List Major Allied Powers and Axis Powers.
5. What was Vichy France?
6. Describe the Battle of Britain?
7. What was the Lend-Lease Act and why is it important?
8. On Page 795, do question 3. Time line of Germany.
IV. War Begins
A. Hitler breaks the Munich Pact in 6 months
and takes the rest of Czechoslovakia
B. Hitler signs the Nazi-Soviet Pact agreeing
not to attack the Soviets
C. September 1st, 1939, Germany attacks
Poland with Blitzkrieg- lightening war.
D. Britain and France declare war on
Germany within 48 hours.
E. Early War
• France is defeated very quickly and divided
into France and Vichy France.
• Britain is bombed with Germany’s
airforce—the Luftwaffe
• US-nuetral. Lend-Lease act supplied war
materials to Britain on credit.
V. Japan
A. In 1940, Japan formed an alliance with
Germany and Italy and in 1941 signed a non
aggression pact with the Soviet Union.
B. Japan controlled the Pacific except for the
Philippines and Hawaii.
C. Realizing their most dangerous enemy was
the United States, Japan determined that
knocking the US out of the Pacific before
they were really involved in the war was the
best answer.
VI. Pearl Harbor
A. December 7th 1941- Japan attacked Pearl
Harbor sinking several battleships and
killing 2,300 Americans.
B. December 8th, 1941- US declares War on
Japan. 3 days later, Germany and Italy
declare war on the US.
United Streaming Pearl Harbor
Holocaust PPT
Questions pages 804-809
1)What was the outcome of the Battle of Stalingrad
and why was it a major turning point?
2)Why is Mussolini forced into surrendering?
3)What two victories helped the US Navy turn the
tides on Japan?
4)What happened on June 6th, 1944? How many
troops were involved?
• June 6, 1944
• http://ttc.depere.k12.wi.us/safevideos/Video
• http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dday/sfeatu
– Must Read Thomas Valence
Questions Continued
5)What events led to the Allied victory in
6)Why were the Allied victories in the Soviet
Union, North Africa, Italy and the Atlantic
necessary to win WWII?
7)Describe the events leading up to V-E Day.
8)What was decided at the Yalta Conference?
9)What events finally made the Japanese
VII. End of the War-in Europe
A. With German loss at Stalingrad,
Americans landing in France and Italy
surrendering to Americans in the South,
Germany was surrounded.
B. After D-Day, the Soviets began a major
drive against Germany from the East.
C. The United States broke through the
German line at the Battle of the Bulge in
the West.
End of the War Cont.
D. In Spring of 1945, the War in Europe was
essentially over.
E. Hitler commits suicide April 30th, 1945.
F. V-E Day (Victory in Europe) is declared
May 8th, 1945.
VIII. End of the War in the
A. With victories at the Battle of Coral Sea
and at Midway, the Americans start to turn
the tide on the war against Japan.
B. The strategy of Island hopping- moving
from one island to another skipping some to
be left without supplies began.
End of War Cont.
C. The Japanese were going to be hard to
1. Kamikaze pilots and sense of honor from
Japanese culture made them a difficult enemy.
D. The Japanese refuse to surrender and a
major offensive on the island of Japan was
being prepared for.
End of War Cont.
E. President Roosevelt dies and Harry
Truman becomes President
F. Met with Allied leaders in July at Potsdam,
G. Germany was to be divided between the
US and USSR and an unconditional
surrender of Japan was discussed
IX. The Atomic Bomb
A. President Truman makes the decision to
drop the A-bomb.
B. August 6, 1945 Enola Gay drops first Abomb on Hiroshima.
C. August 9, 1945 2nd A-bomb dropped on
D. August 14, Japanese surrender. September
2nd V-J Day.
Atomic Bomb Picture
• http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/472940
Questions Continued
10)What were some of the costs of WWII?
11)What was the Batan Death March?
12)What did the Soviets do in occupied
13)Using the graph on page 809, what three
countries had the highest civilian losses?
What factors do you think contributed to
those losses?
14)How was WWII like no other war?
X. After the War…
A. The United Nations is created to help keep
peace in the world.
B. The Allies struggle with how to:
1. Reorganization of Germany
2. Who should be in charge of the Germany and
3. Who should have Atomic Weapons?

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