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In the name of Allah
Historical place
in
Afghanistan
Masjet-e-Jami
Herat city boasts of Masjet-e-jami, also
known as Friday mosque or blue mosque . The
mosque is not only important from the
architectural point of view but it is also an
important pilgrimage center in Afghanistan. The
mosque is around 800 years old. Masjet-e-jami
is noted for its beautiful lineup of blue tile
flowers and mosaic decoration. The mosque is
the largest building in the city and a beautiful
example of Islamic architecture.
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Masjet-e-jami
Herat city boasts of Masjet-e-jami, also known as Friday mosque or blue mosque.
Masjet-e-jami
The mosque is not only important from the architectural point of view but it is also an important
pilgrimage center in Afghanistan.
Masjet-e-jami
The mosque is around 800 years old. . Masjet-e-jami is the largest building in the city and a beautiful
example of Islamic architecture.
Gazargah
Gazar Gah is the shrine complex, located to the 5 km
east of Herat. Here is the tomb of famous sufi shrine Khoja
Abdullah Ansari. Buildings near the tomb are decorated
with brilliant tile work. Khoja Abdullah Ansari was a
famous Sufi mystic & poet who died in 11th century. Next
to him is the tomb of Amir Dost Mohammad, one of the
former kings of Afghanistan. The other main attractions in
Gazar Gah are Main iwan (main court), a fifteen-foot marble
pillar depicting the artwork of Timoryan period.
.
Gazar Gah
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Gazar Gah is the shrine complex, located to the 5 km east of Herat. Here is the tomb of famous sufi shrine
Khoja Abdullah Ansari .
Gazar Gah
Khoja Abdullah Ansari was a famous Sufi mystic & poet who died in 11th century. Next to him is the tomb
of Amir Dost Mohammad, one of the former kings of Afghanistan.
Gazar Gah
Buildings near the tomb are decorated with brilliant tile work.
Mousallah Complex
Collection of minarets, a mosque and a medressa , the
whole complex is known as the Mousallah Complex.
The old medressa was built by the queen Goher Shad
in 1411 . She was the daughter-in-law of famous ruler
Timor . Close to the complex there is a large domed
tomb of Gohar Shad. There were total 6 minarets in
this complex . 2 of them are destroyed with time but
still 4 remain in the complex .The Mousallah Complex
has been described as the most beautiful example in
color and architecture.
Queen Goher Shad
The old Medressaz was built by the queen Goher Shad in 1411. She was the daughter-in-law of
famous ruler Timor. Close to the complex there is a large domed tomb of Goher Shad.
Mousallah Complex
There were total 6 minarets in this complex. 2 of them are destroyed with time but still 4 remain in the
complex. The Mousallah Complex has been described as the most beautiful example in color and architecture.
Arg-e Herat
The Citadel of Herat ( Arg-e-Herat ) , also known as the Citadel of
Alexander, and locally known as Qala Iktyar-ud-din (Arg-e-Herat), is
located in the center of Herat in Afghanistan. It dates back to 330 BC,
when Alexander the Great and his army arrived to what is now
Afghanistan after the Battle of Gaugamela . Many empires have used it
as a headquarters in the last 2,000 years, and was destroyed and rebuilt
many times over the centuries.
This historic citadel was saved from demolition in the 1950s, and
was excavated and restored by UNESCO between 1976 and 1979.
From decades of wars and neglect, the citadel began to crumble but
in recent years several international organizations decided to completely
rebuild it. The National Museum of Herat is also housed inside the
citadel, while the Afghan Ministry of Information and Culture is the
caretaker of the whole premises.
Arg-e Herat
The Citadel of Herat ( Arg-e-Herat ) , also known as the Citadel of Alexander , and locally known as
Qala Iktyar-ud-din (Arg-e-Herat), is located in the center of Herat in Afghanistan.
Arg-e Herat
It dates back to 330 BC, when Alexander the Great and his army arrived to what is now Afghanistan after
the Battle of Gaugamela .
Arg-e Herat
Arg-e Herat
Museum of Herat
The National Museum of Herat is also housed inside the citadel, while the Afghan Ministry of Information
and Culture is the caretaker of the whole premises
Museum of Herat
From decades of wars and neglect, the citadel began to crumble but in recent years several international
organizations decided to completely rebuild it.
Museum of Herat
Pul-e-Malan
One sight you can see without a permit is the 12th century
Pul-e-Malan Seljuk Bridge – well, really, it’s so heavily
restored that it is doubtful that you can find a single original
brick in it. With 22 arches it spans the Hari Rud river which
provides a lot of the water for the surrounding agriculture
. Boys and men were bathing in the dark brown water, which
had quite a current. The bridge immediately reminded me of
Esfahan again; several old bridges of similar design cross the
river there. As we watched the merrymaking at the river a
land rover actually drove into the water and under the
bridge! These dare devils.
Pul-e-Malan
One sight you can see without a permit is the 12th century Pul-e-Malan Seljuk Bridge – well,
really , it’s so heavily restored that it is doubtful that you can find a single original brick in it .
With 22 arches it spans the Hari Rud river which provides a lot of the water for the surrounding
agriculture .
Pul-e-Malan
Boys and men were bathing in the dark brown water, which had quite a current.
Mazar-e-Sharif
People of Afghanistan believe that Imam
Ali (AS) was buried in Mazar-e-Sharif . In this
reason got this city the name “Mazar-e-Sharif”
that means “holy pilgrimage”.
Mazar-e-Sharif
People of Afghanistan believe that Imam Ali (AS) was buried in Mazar-e-Sharif .
Mazar-e-Sharif
People of Afghanistan believe that Imam Ali (AS) was buried in Mazar-e-Sharif . In this reason
got this city the name “Mazar-e-Sharif” that means “holy pilgrimage”.
Bamiyan giant Buddha statues
•
Efforts are currently being made to preserve Afghanistan’s many historical sites. Tragically, some of Afghanistan’s
greatest cultural treasures, such as the Bamiyan giant Buddha statues, were destroyed by the Taliban. Other cultural
heritage sites, such as the Heart mosque with its intricate ceramic tile designs, the hauntingly hidden Minaret of Jam,
and the imposing Mazar-i-Sharif mosque have been preserved.
Bamiyan giant Buddha statues
Etched into the dappled sandstone of the Bamiyan mountains are the faint remains of the once colossal
Buddha statues that silently watched over the Bamiyan Valley for 1500 years.
Minaret of Jam
Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in
western Afghanistan. It is located in the Shahrak District, Ghor
Province, by the Hari River . The 62-metre high minaret,[1]
surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400m, was built in
the 1190s, entirely of baked bricks. It is famous for its intricate
brick , stucco and glazed tile decoration , which consists of
alternating bands of Kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric
patterns , and verses from the Qur'an ( the surat Maryam ,
relating to Mary, the mother of Jesus).
Minaret of Jam
•
Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in the Shahrak
District, Ghor Province, by the Hari River .
Minaret of Jam
The 62-metre high minaret,[1] surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400m, was built in the 1190s,
entirely of baked bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick , stucco and glazed tile decoration , which consists
of alternating bands of Kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric patterns , and verses from the Qur'an ( the
surat Maryam , relating to Mary, the mother of Jesus).
Students work in class :8/10
Edited by students : Fatimah and Mahtab
School : Atoon Heravy High school
Under the supervision of : Ms.Sima

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