A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Report
A Comparison of
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Abrahamic Religions
Paragraph Writing Assignment
Lesson 10-4
1
• TN SPI
– 6.1.3 Recognize the world’s major religions and
their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam,
Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and
Mohammad)
2
• Date and Place founded:
– Judaism – approximately 1300 B.C. in Palestine
• Some say the date is unknown
– Christianity – approximately 33 A.D. in Palestine
– Islam – 622 A.D. in Saudi Arabia
3
• Founders and Early Leaders
– Judaism – Abraham and Moses
– Christianity – Jesus
– Islam - Muhammad
4
• Followers Called:
– Judaism – Jews
– Christianity – Christians
– Islam – Muslims
• Clergy Called:
– Judaism – rabbis
– Christianity – bishop, pastor, ministers, priest
– Islam - imams
5
• House of Worship
– Judaism – synagogue or temple
– Christianity – church, cathedral, chapel
– Islam – mosque
– Day of Worship
• Judaism – Saturday
• Christianity – Sunday
• Islam - Friday
6
• Original Language
– Judaism – Hebrew
– Christianity – Aramaic and Greek
– Islam – Arabic
• Names of God
– Judaism – Yahweh and Elohim
– Christianity – God, the Trinity
– Islam - Allah
7
• Major Locations TODAY
– Judaism – Europe, Israel, North America
– Christianity – Europe, North and South America
– Islam – Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia
8
• Early Expansion
– Judaism – Little expansion mostly confined to
Israel
– Christianity – by the end of the 4th century
Christianity spread across the entire Roman
Empire
– Islam – Within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula;
after 100 years stretched from Spain to Southeast
Asia
9
• Current Worldwide Followers TODAY
– Judaism – 14 million (ranks 12th)
– Christianity – 2 billion (ranks 1st)
– Islam – 1.3 billion (ranks 2nd)
– In the USA
• Judaism – 5.6 million
• Christianity – 159 million
• Islam – 1.1 million
10
• Sacred Texts
– Judaism – Hebrew Bible
– Christianity – Old Testament and New Testament
– Islam – Qur’an (Koran)
11
• Ultimate Reality (Type of Theism)
– Judaism – One God
– Christianity – Trinity (God the father, God the Son,
and God the Holy Spirit)
– Islam – One God
12
• Divine Revelation
How do we know about God?
– Judaism – through prophets recorded in the
Hebrew Bible
– Christianity – through prophets and Jesus as
recorded in the Old and New Testament
– Islam – through God’s final prophet Muhammad
recorded in the Qur’an
13
• Identity of Jesus
– Judaism – False prophet
– Christianity – Son of God, the Messiah, Savior
– Islam – prophet of God
14
• Death of Jesus
– Judaism – death by Crucifixion
– Christianity – death by Crucifixion
– Islam – Did not die, but ascended into heaven (a
disciple took his place)
15
• Resurrection of Jesus
– Judaism – Denied
– Christianity – Affirmed
– Islam – Denied; since he did not die
16
• Means of Salvation
– Judaism – Belief in one God; good deeds
– Christianity – correct belief, good deeds; by faith
accept Christ as Savior (Protestants)
– Islam – Belief in one God; good deeds and follow
Five Pillars of Faith
17
• Afterlife
– Judaism – eternal heaven, or no afterlife
– Christianity – eternal heaven
– Islam – eternal paradise (heaven)
– Judaism - eternal hell, or no afterlife
– Christianity – eternal hell
– Islam – eternal hell
18
• Symbols
– Judaism – Star of David
– Christianity – cross
– Islam – crescent with name of Allah in Arabic
19
• View of Fellow Abrahamic Religions
– Judaism – “Islam and Christianity are false
interpretations and extensions of Judaism.”
– Christianity – “Judaism is a true religion, but with
incomplete revelation. Islam is a false religion.”
– Islam – “Jews and Christians are respected as
fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and only
partial revelation.”
20
Paragraph Writing Assignment
• Using your class notes, you will write a one
paragraph essay describing the origins, history
and beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, or Islam.
21

similar documents