WHAT is Internationalisation of VET?

Report
Internationalisation of VET at
policy and practice level
Case Finland
Hanna Autere
International Forum on VET Cooperation
between Finland and South-Korea
Heureka – Finnish Science Centre, 17th December 2014
Content of presentation
1. FNBE and Finnish VET in a nutshell
2. Internationalisation of VET at policy
level
3. Internationalisation at practice level
4. Using EU instruments
5. Learning outcomes approach
6. Opportunities for collaboration
2
Finnish National Board of Education
National Agency for Learning and Competence
Role of the FNBE in VET
•
•
•
Prepares the national qualification requirements for
VET
Decides on the learning outcomes of the studies
and their assessment for VET
Supports and develops nationally important aims
(e.g. internationalisation)
…in close co-operation with the providers and
working life.
Education system
in Finland
Doctoral and licentiate’s
degrees
Universities
Master’s degrees
Polytechnic Master’s degrees
Universities
Polytechnics
Work experience, 3 year
Bacherlor’s degrees
Polytechnic Bachelor’s
degrees
Universities
Polytechnics
WORK EXPERIENCE
Vocational qualifications
Matriculation examination
General upper secondary schools
Upper
Secondary
Vocational
qualification
Further
Vocational
qualification
Specialist
Vocational
qualification
Vopcational institutions, adult education
Institutions and apprenticeship training
Basic education, 7-16-year-olds
Comprehensive schools
Pre-primary education, 6-yeras-olds
Comprehensive schools/day-car centres
VET is attractive in Finland
•
•
•
VET is not a second choice
50 % of comprehensive school leavers
continue in upper secondary vocational
education
Number of students in initial VET has
increased (from 148 000 to 172 500 during
2004-2011)
General Objectives of Vocational
Education and Training
•
•
•
knowledge and skills necessary for
vocational competence and (self-)
employment
support for personal growth and citizenship
knowledge and skills needed in further
studies and in life-long learning
Internationalisation of VET
is a priority.
8
Govermental Development Plan for Education and Research 2011-2016
Objectives of internationalisation of VET




To increase mobility of VET students, graduates
and teaching staff.
To contribute actively to goal setting of European
VET policy and to promote achievement of
Copenhagen process objectives in Finland.
To increase cooperation between education
administrations and VET providers network with
non-member EU countries.
To enhance validation recognition of studies and
on-the-job learning and work experience as part of
the vocational qualification.
Student mobility in VET, Finland 2006-2012
7000
6566
6094
6000
4492
4000
12,5 %
4284
3000
2510
2000
2059
2038
2425
Suomesta
Suomeen
2749
2397
2453
To Finland
1000
0
2006
From Finland
5491
5343
5000
6259
2007
2008
2009
More information and detailed statistics
http://www.cimo.fi/services/statistics
2010
2011
2012
WHAT is Internationalisation of VET?
For example
 Development of education in European (EQF,
ECVET, EQAVET) and other international
cooperation
 International Cooperation, which follows
geogprahical orientation of the Finnish businesslife
 Education export
 Education cooperation with developing countries
WHY




is there a need for Finnish VET to internationalise?
Business and economy is globalizing
Finnish society depends on international experts
(Finnish and foreign professionals)
Labour and student mobility is growing
Individuals required to have international
competencies
Internationalisation of VET supports Finnish
education development.
HOW
does MoEC and FNBE support internationalisation of VET?
Financial support to national networks for priorities in
1. Development of competencies required by
internationalising working life
2. International flexible learning pathways
3. Mobility of teachers (job-shadowing, learning at work
places)
4. Home internationalisation
5. International cooperation linked to development of quality
management
6. Network cooperation with countries outside of European
Union
Internationalisation of VET
supporting national development
MoEC
Feedback
FNBE
Feedback
VET Schools
Networks
Networks
WHOM FNBE collaborates with?
•
•
•
•
•
Ministry of Education and Culture
CIMO, Centre for International Mobility
and Collaboration
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Finnish
Embassies
Embassies in Finland
VET school networks
15
VET school networks supported by
FNBE beyond Europe
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2 Russia networks
2 China networks: KAMoon China and
Chinet
India network
KEVA (Africa – Nepal) network
HANAKO – Japan-Finland network
Canada network
South Korea Technet
Thailand network
16
Hanako Japan network
17
KEVA – Developing cooperation and
voluntary work in global education
18
AKKUNA
Finnish – Russian VET schools network
19
Making use of EU tools supporting
learning outcome approach in
internationalising of VET.
20
Europass
ENQAVET
ECVET
EQF
European Credit
Transfer system for
VET
European Quality
Assurance System
for VET
European Qualification
Framework
21
EQF - European Qualification Framework
• For comparing qualifications/
competencies
• Learning outcomes described as
knowledge, skills and competencies
• Covers all qualifications from general and
vocational education and training to
higher education
22
ECVET – European Credit Transfer
System for VET
• Focus on individual
• Objectives:
1. Mobility
2. Lifelong learning
• Acquiring, accumulating and validating
competencies from different systems
• Use of learning outcomes (same than in
EQF)
23
SUMMARY
Using ECVET in Finland
Advantages
1.Qualifications divided into
modules
2.Use of learning outcomes
3.Use of credit points (in
VQs)
4.Recognition of prior
learning
5.Status of VET schools:
competent authorities
Challenges
1. Assessment and validation
→ mutual trust
2. Quality assurance
3. Making ECVET
understandable to teachers
and learners
Learning outcomes approach
and flexible learning pathways
support internationalisation.
25
Opportunities for international cooperation
in VET?
Flexible
learning
pathways
Use of
ECVET
tools
New
sectors
Curricula
development
Teacher
exchange
Internationalisation
at home
Student
mobility
Joint
seminars
Skills
competition
s
Learning
about
good
practices
Virtual
courses
Success factors for international
coperation in VET
•
•
•
•
•
Planning
Purposefulness (objectives)
Perseverance (long-span)
Versatility
1. Development projects
2. Mobility
3. Internationalisation at
home
4. Virtual collaboration
Committed actors, resources
actors, resources
+
Strategy
for
Internationalising
Learning about the best practices
&
Developing together the next
practices!
28
Vocational Education and Training in Finland
- More Information
www.minedu.fi
Ministry of Education
www.edu.fi
the Finnish education
portal
information in Finnish,
Swedish and English
www.oph.fi
Finnish National Board
of Education
information in Finnish,
Swedish and English

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