Routes for biomass conversion into olefins

Report
13/14 Spring Semester
Petrochemical Technology
(TKK-2130)
Instructor: Rama Oktavian
Email: rama.oktavian86@gmail.com
Office Hr.: M.13-15, Tu. 13-15, W. 13-15, Th. 13-15, F. 09-11
Petrochemical Industry
CRUDE OIL
REFINARY
FEEDSTOCKS
Gas, Naphtha, Gas Oil, Kerosene
PETROCHEMICAL
INDUSTRY
BASIC CHEMICALS
Ethylene, Propylene, 1.3-Butadiene & BTX,
PETROCHEMICALS
PE,PP,PVC,PS,PBR,MEG,LAB,ACN, AF, PTA, PHA, MA,CPL
Petrochemical Industry
The challenges
Constraints in feedstock with respect to availability, quality & cost
Eco friendly processes & products: stringent emission levels- Preserving
the environment
Need for conserving energy
Waste minimization/effective treatment
Catalysts with higher efficacy: activity/selectivity/ life / Max.atom
efficiency
Process improvements: milder conditions/fewer steps
Ever-increasing demand for niche /specialty products at affordable prices
New catalysts /processes: Reduction in discovery & process
development cycle time
Petrochemical Industry
The challenges
Petrochemical Industry
The challenges
Petroleum
Fuels
Feed-stocks
Hydrogen
Lubricants
Syngas
Sulfur
Petrochemical feed-stocks
C2-C3 gas
LPG
C4 stream
Naphtha for light olefins
Naphtha for aromatics
Kerosene
Gas oil for cracking
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemicals from Ethylene
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemicals from Propylene
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemical Industry
Olefin metathesis
C2H4 + C4H8  2 C3H6
Can be a stand alone unit or integrated with cracker/FCC unit
Low investment, less energy intensive, attractive returns
High propylene/ethylene yield ratios, varying from 0.5 to 1.1
Use of low cost C4 stream
Process technologies
META-4 ® (Axens – IFP Group Technologies)
OCT ® Olefins Conversion Technology (ABB Lummus)
UOP’s process
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemical Industry
Consists of three sections
1. Reaction and regeneration
2. Quench, compression and caustic wash
3. Product fractionation
Petrochemical Industry
Petrochemical Industry
Introduction
The use of biomass and carbon-based waste in the production of plastics can
contribute to the depletion of greenhouse gas (GHG)
The price of ethylene is being highly dependent on the price of crude oil
Petrochemical Industry
Routes for biomass conversion into olefins
Petrochemical Industry
Routes for biomass conversion into olefins
Petrochemical Industry
Routes for biomass conversion into olefins
Petrochemical Industry
Routes for biomass conversion into olefins

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