alumlytictrain6020

Report
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
NIC PRODUCT TRAINING
Topics: Leaded and Surface Mount (SMT)
 Product
• Characteristics
• Construction
• Types & Appearance
• Dimensions
• NIC Part Numbering System
 Market
• Status
• Competitors
• Cross-Referencing
 Applications/End products
• Common usage applications
• Benefits & Trade-Off
• Competing Technologies
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Capacitor Family Tree
CAPACITORS
ELECTROSTATIC
CERAMIC
ELECTROLYTIC
ALUMINUM
FILM
LEADED
RADIAL
AXIAL
TANTALUM
SMT
SNAP-IN
CYLINDRICAL
CAN
HORIZONTAL
MOUNT
FLAT
CHIP
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Aluminum Electrolytic Characteristics
C
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors belong to the family of ELECTROLYTIC
capacitors. They have the following characteristics:
• They are Polarized with anode (+) and cathode (-) terminals
• They dominate the upper range of capacitance values
• They are very widely used as they offer lowest cost per capacitance value
• They are available in both leaded and surface mount styles
• The are fixed capacitance value (their value is not user variable)
PRODUCT TRAINING: Ceramic Capacitors
Capacitance (Cap) Value Characteristic
C

100uF
Capacitance Value in…
F = micro-Farad = 1 x 10-6 F = 0.000001F
NIC offers aluminum electrolytic capacitance values ranging from…
0.1uF ~ 68,000uF
0.0000001F ~ 0.068 F
Most call outs are from 1uF ~ 1000uF
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Capacitance Tolerance Characteristic
C

100uF ± 20% (M)
Capacitance Value Tolerance:
Capacitance value will have tolerance value (+25°C):
± 20%(M) standard
±10%(K), -10%/+50% (T) and -0%/+100%(P) are all specials
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Voltage Characteristic
C

100uF ± 20%(M)
50VDC
Voltage Rating (VDC):
NIC offers voltage ratings from…
2.0VDC ~ 450VDC
Most call outs are from 10VDC ~ 100VDC
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Leakage Current Characteristic
C

IR
100uF ±20%(M)
50VDC
IR = 1 Meg
LC
LC = 50uA
Insulation Resistance (Meg-Ohm)
1Meg-Ohm = 1,000,000 ohm
Leakage Current (uA)
1uA = 0.000001A
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
ESR - Ripple Current Characteristics
C
ESR = 1.66

ESR
AC Current
100uF ±20%(M)
50VDC
IR
Ripple Current
Ripple Current Rating = 230mA
ESR = Equivalent Series
Resistance (Ohm ;  )
IR = 1 Meg
LC = 50uA
LC
Ripple Current Rating (mA)
1mA = 0.001A
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Characteristics
ESR = 1.66Ohm

100uF ±20%(M)
50VDC
Ripple Current
Rating = 230mA
IR = 1 Meg-Ohm
LC = 50uA
NIC P/N: NRSA101M50V8X11.5
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Catalog Characteristics
NRSA Series Characteristics (catalog data sheet)
Voltage Range
Capacitance Range
Tolerance
R a te d Vo lta g e R a ng e
6 .3 ~ 1 0 0 V D C
C a p a cita nce R a ng e
0 .4 7 ~ 1 0 ,0 0 0  F
O p e ra ting Te m p e ra ture R a ng e
-40 ~ +85°C
C a p a cita nce To le ra nce
+ 2 0 % (M )
M a x. L e a k a g e C urre nt @ (2 0 o C )
LC Spec =
0 .0 3 C V o r 4  A , w hiche ve r if g re a te r
A fte r 1 m in.
0 .0 1 C V o r 3  A , w hiche ve r if g re a te r
A fte r 2 m in.
Leakage Current
M a x. Ta n d @ 1 2 0 H z/2 0 °C
0.01 X (100uF X 50VDC)
Temperature Range
W .V. (V d c)
6 .3
10
16
25
35
50
63
S .V. (V dc)
8
13
20
32
44
63
79
125
C < 1 ,0 0 0  F
0 .2 2
0 .1 9
0 .1 6
0 .1 4
0 .1 2
0 .1 0
0 .0 9
0 .0 8
C = 2 ,2 0 0  F
0 .2 4
0 .2 1
0 .1 8
0 .1 6
0 .1 4
0 .1 2
0 .11
C = 3 ,3 0 0  F
0 .2 6
0 .2 3
0 .2 0
0 .1 8
0 .1 6
0 .1 4
0 .1 3
C = 4 ,7 0 0  F
0 .2 8
0 .2 5
0 .2 2
0 .2 0
0 .1 8
0 .2 0
100
C = 6 ,8 0 0  F
0 .3 2
0 .2 9
0 .2 6
0 .2 4
C = 1 0 ,0 0 0  F
0 .4 0
0 .3 7
0 .3 4
0 .3 2
L o w Te m p e ra ture S ta b ility
Im p e d a nce R a tio @ 1 2 0 H z
Z-2 5 °C /Z+2 0 °C
4
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
Z-4 0 °C /Z+2 0 °C
10
8
6
4
3
3
3
3
L o a d L ife Te st a t R a te d W .V.
C a p a cita nce C ha ng e
W ithin +2 0 % o f initia l m e a sure d va lue
8 5 °C 2 ,0 0 0 H o urs: 5 ~ 8 
Tan 
Less than 200% of specified m axim um value
4 ,0 0 0 H o urs : 1 0  ~
L e a ka g e C urre nt
L e ss tha n sp e cifie d m a xim um va lue
S he lf L ife Te st
C a p a cita nce C ha ng e
W ithin +2 0 % o f initia l m e a sure d va lue
8 5 °C 1 ,0 0 0 H o urs
Tan 
Less than 200% of specified m axim um value
No Load
L e a ka g e C urre nt
L e ss tha n sp e cifie d m a xim um va lue
LC = 50uA
Load Life Test (dependent upon part diameter) a useful gauge for estimating
(or comparing) operation lifetime of the component
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Catalog Characteristics
NRSA Series Characteristics (catalog page 12)
R a te d Vo lta g e R a ng e
6 .3 ~ 1 0 0 V D C
C a p a cita nce R a ng e
0 .4 7 ~ 1 0 ,0 0 0  F
O p e ra ting Te m p e ra ture R a ng e
-40 ~ +85°C
C a p a cita nce To le ra nce
+ 2 0 % (M )
M a x. L e a k a g e C urre nt @ (2 0 o C )
0 .0 3 C V o r 4  A , w hiche ve r if g re a te r
A fte r 1 m in.
0 .0 1 C V o r 3  A , w hiche ve r if g re a te r
A fte r 2 m in.
M a x. Ta n d @ 1 2 0 H z/2 0 °C
W .V. (V d c)
6 .3
10
16
25
35
50
63
S .V. (V dc)
8
13
20
32
44
63
79
100
125
C < 1 ,0 0 0  F
0 .2 2
0 .1 9
0 .1 6
0 .1 4
0 .1 2
0 .1 0
0 .0 9
0 .0 8
C = 2 ,2 0 0  F
0 .2 4
0 .2 1
0 .1 8
0 .1 6
0 .1 4
0 .1 2
0 .11
C = 3 ,3 0 0  F
0 .2 6
0 .2 3
0 .2 0
0 .1 8
0 .1 6
0 .1 4
0 .1 3
C = 4 ,7 0 0  F
0 .2 8
0 .2 5
0 .2 2
0 .2 0
0 .1 8
0 .2 0
C = 6 ,8 0 0  F
0 .3 2
0 .2 9
0 .2 6
0 .2 4
0 .3 2
C = 1 0 ,0 0 0  F
0 .4 0
0 .3 7
0 .3 4
L o w Te m p e ra ture S ta b ility
Im p e d a nce R a tio @ 1 2 0 H z
Z-2 5 °C /Z+2 0 °C
4
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
Z-4 0 °C /Z+2 0 °C
10
8
6
4
3
3
3
3
L o a d L ife Te st a t R a te d W .V.
C a p a cita nce C ha ng e
W ithin ±20%
+2 0 % o f initia l m e a sure d va lue
8 5 °C 2 ,0 0 0 H o urs: 5 ~ 8 
Tan 
Less than 200% of specified m axim um value
4 ,0 0 0 H o urs : 1 0  ~
L e a ka g e C urre nt
L e ss tha n sp e cifie d m a xim um va lue
S he lf L ife Te st
C a p a cita nce C ha ng e
W ithin +2 0 % o f initia l m e a sure d va lue
8 5 °C 1 ,0 0 0 H o urs
Tan 
Less than 200% of specified m axim um value
No Load
L e a ka g e C urre nt
L e ss tha n sp e cifie d m a xim um va lue
TEMPERATURE
OF OPERATION
+35C
+45C
+55C
+65C
+75C
+85C
5mm ~ 8mm diameters 
DURATION OF OPERATION
64,000 HOURS (7.3 years)
32,000 HOURS (3.6 years)
16,000 HOURS (1.8 years)
8000 HOURS
4000 HOURS
2000 HOURS
10mm diameter 
DURATION OF OPERATION
128,000 HOURS (14.6 years)
64,000 HOURS (7.3 years)
32,000 HOURS (3.6 years)
16,000 HOURS (1.8 years)
8000 HOURS
4000 HOURS
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Catalog Characteristics
NRSA Series Characteristics (catalog page 12)
ESR Table
Capacitance
Value
MAXIMUM E.S.R. () AT 20°c AND 120Hz
C ap (F)
6 .3
10
16
25
35
0 .4 7
50
63
353
100
283
1 .0
166
133
2 .2
7 5 .4
6 0 .4
3 .3
5 0 .3
4 .7
3 5 .3
3 1 .8
2 8 .3
1 9 .9
1 6 .6
1 5 .0
1 3 .3
10
22
ESR for 100uF
Voltage Ratings
W o rking Vo lta g e (V d c)
4 0 .3
1 0 .6
9 .0 5
7 .5 4
6 .7 9
6 .0 4
33
8 .0 5
7 .0 4
6 .0 4
5 .0 3
4 .5 3
4 .0 3
47
5 .6 5
4 .9 4
4 .2 4
3 .5 3
3 .1 8
2 .8 3
1 .9 9
1 .6 6
1 .5 0
1 .3 3
100
3 .1 6
2 .6 6
2 .3 3
220
1 .4 4
1 .2 1
1 .0 6
330
470
1 .11
Industry Standard
Test Frequency
120Hz = Full Rectified 60Hz
0 .9 0 5 0 .7 5 4 0 .6 7 9 0 .6 0 4
0 .9 5 6 0 .8 0 5 0 .7 0 4 0 .6 0 4 0 .5 0 3 0 .4 5 3 0 .4 0 3
0 .7 7 7 0 .6 7 1 0 .5 6 5 0 .4 9 4 0 .4 2 4 0 .3 5 3 0 .3 1 8 0 .2 8 3
1 ,0 0 0
0 .3 6 5 0 .3 1 6 0 .2 6 6 0 .2 3 3 0 .1 9 9 0 .1 6 6 0 .1 5 0
2,200
0.181 0.159 0.136
3,300
0.131 0.116
0.121 0.106 0.0905 0.083
0.101 0.0905 0.0805 0.0829 0.065
4,700
0.0988 0.0883 0.0777 0.0706 .0635
6,800
0.0781 0.0708 0.0653 0.059
0.07
10,000 0.0663 0.0614 0.0564 .0531
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Catalog Characteristics
NRSA Series Characteristics (catalog page 12)
Ripple Current
Rating Table
Capacitance
Value
PERMISSIBLE RIPPLE CURRENT (mA rms)
AT 85°C AND 120Hz
C ap (F)
6 .3
10
16
25
35
50
63
100
0 .4 7
10
11
1 .0
12
15
2 .2
20
25
3 .3
26
35
4 .7
33
35
45
50
55
60
70
70
75
85
100
120
80
85
95
11 0
140
170
10
22
33
Ripple Current
Rating for 100uF
Voltage Ratings
W o rking Vo lta g e (V d c)
95
100
120
140
190
230
100
47
130
160
170
210
230
300
370
220
210
260
270
370
420
490
600
330
240
290
330
400
470
580
680
700
470
330
350
440
510
600
730
880
930
1 ,0 0 0
570
660
760
900
960
11 0 0 1 3 0 0
2 ,2 0 0
940
1000 1200 1300 1400 1700 2200
3 ,3 0 0
11 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 4 0 0 1 6 0 0 1 7 0 0 2 2 0 0 2 3 0 0
4 ,7 0 0
1300 1500 1700 1900 2400 2500
6 ,8 0 0
1600 1700 2000 2550
1 0 ,0 0 0
1800 1900 2650 2750
Industry Standard
Test Frequency
120Hz = Full Rectified 60Hz
Test Temperature Is Rated
Temperature (+85°C)
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Impedance Characteristic
C
ESR

IR
Z ()
Z = Impedance (Ohm) Impedance is the total AC resistance (ohm)
the capacitor presents to the circuit.
The impedance includes the capacitive and inductive reactance (Xc and XL)
and the ESR. The impedance value will be dependent upon the capacitance
value, the frequency and the capacitor construction.
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
ESR & Impedance (Ohm)
Impedance & ESR Characteristics
Impedance
ESR
Frequency
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Construction
Start with high purity aluminum foil
Both anode (+) and cathode (-) foils are chemically etched
to increase the surface area (more surface area = more capacitance)
An aluminum oxide dielectric is electrochemically formed
on the anode (+) foil surface
Oxide thickness
determines
rated voltage
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Construction
Separator paper prevents
shorting and act as
medium to hold electrolyte
Separator paper
Cathode (-) Foil
Separator paper
Anode(+) Foil
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Construction
Capacitor Element is Wound Up
Separator Paper
Anode (+)
Leads
Cathode (-)
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Construction
End Seal “Bung”
Mechanical seal
Liquid
Electrolyte
Can
Capacitor
Element
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Construction
Liquid electrolyte becomes
extension of cathode.
Anode (+)
Cathode(-)
Oxide Dielectric
Separator Paper
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Conditioning
Reforming -Aging All parts ( 100% ) are conditioned for 30 ~ 60
minutes at rated temperature and voltage
•Repairs imperfections
caused during assembly
•Stabilizes characteristics
•Screens out defective
units
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
The higher the temperature rating
the longer the life expectancy
Types
 +85°C - Industry standard general-purpose components
(-40° ~+85°C temperature range). 20+Series
 +105°C - Industry standard wide temperature components
(-55° ~+105°C temperature range). 20+Series
 +125°C - Special extended temperature range (-55°
~+125°C) 2 Series: NACT and NRWX
 Low Impedance / Low ESR - special type offers low
impedance - ESR at high frequency (50KHz ~500KHz)
6 Series: NACZ, NRSZ, NRSX, NRSY, NRE-SX and NSRZ
 Low Leakage - special type offers reduced leakage
current characteristic. Low cost replacements for tantalum capacitors.
5 Series: NACL, NLE, NLE-L, NLE-LW and NLE-S
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
 Specialty Polymer - Solid Aluminum - new technology
products use polymers (plastic) as a replacement for the
liquid electrolyte. Benefits include no dry-out (infinite life),
very low impedance /ESR and high ripple current rating.
Trade off is high cost. 1 Series: NSP
 Bi-Polar - special ”Bi-polar" or ”Non-polarized" component
can be produced by using a second anode foil in place of
the cathode. This results in a non-polarized part that can
be reverse biased. Trade off is: only half the capacitance
value, higher loss (increased dissipation factor), lower ripple
current rating and higher cost as compared to a standard
uni-polarized part. 5 Series: NACEN, NNR, NNA, NRESN and NSRN
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Appearance
Radial Leaded Features
• Cathode lead (-) shorter than
anode (+)
• Cathode polarity band
• Date code (YYWW)
“9614” = 14th week of 1996
•
•
•
•
Temperature rating
Capacitance value (µF)
Voltage rating (VDC)
NIC logo
NIC NLE, NNR, NRE, NRSA,
NRSx, NRWx, and NSR Series
(25+ Series)
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Appearance
Axial Leaded Features
•
•
•
•
Cathode (-) polarity band
Capacitance value (µF)
Voltage rating (VDC)
NIC logo
NIC NAE, NASA, NASS,
NAE-WT and NNA Series
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Appearance
Snap-In Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
Cathode (-) polarity band
Temperature rating
Capacitance value (µF)
Voltage rating (VDC)
NIC name
“CE” stands for Capacitor
Electrolytic
NIC NRLM, NRLF, NRLMW
and NRLFW Series
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Appearance
Surface Mount Cylindrical Features
• Cathode (-) polarity band
• Anode (+) polarity notch
• Date code “YM”
“36”=6th month of 1993
• Capacitance value (µF)
• Voltage rating (VDC)
NIC NACxx Series
(15+ Series)
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Appearance
Surface Mount Flat Chip Features
(+)
• Anode (+) polarity band
• Capacitance value (µF)
• Voltage Code
( j = 6.3VDC)
• Date Code
(7N41 = Nov. 1997)
NIC NSP Series
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Appearance
Surface Mount Flat Chip Features
(+)
• Anode (+) and Cathode (-)
identifiers
• Cathode (-) notch in body
• Capacitance value (µF)
• Voltage rating (VDC)
NIC NACM Series
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Dimensions
• Component size is describe diameter by length
(Dø x L) dimensions in millimeters (mm).
Dø
L
• Lead spacing of radial leaded styles is variable
(forming and crimping).
• Tape and reel and ammo pack packaging styles
also allow different lead space options.
• It is important to review correct/preferred lead
spacing with the customer at the time of
quote/order.
“TRST”
Straight Leads
on Tape
Lead Spacing
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Dimensions
Dø
Lead Spacing
L
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Dimensions
Dø
Lead Spacing
L
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Dimensions
Dø
L
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Dimensions
DØ
L
STYLE
S IZ E D ø x L (m m )
3 x5 .5
4 x4 , 4 x4 .6 , 4 x5.5, 4 x6 .3
S u rfa c e
M ount
5 x4 , 5 x4 .6 , 5 x5.5, 5 x6 .3
6 .3 x4.6, 6 .3 x5.5, 6 .3 x6 .3 , 6.3 x8
8 x1 0 .5, 8 x1 0.8
1 0 x8 , 1 0 x10 .5, 1 0 x1 0.8, 1 0 x1 4, 1 0 x1 8, 1 0 x2 2
1 2 .5 x14 , 1 2.5 x17 , 1 2.5 x2 2
1 6 x1 7
1 8 x1 7 , 18 x2 2
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Dimensions
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Part Numbering System
NIC NLE, NNR, NRE, NRS, NRSx, NRWx,
and NSR Series (25 Series)
Tape & Reel Codes
TR = 5.0mm (0.197”) LS
TRF1 = 2.5mm (0.098”) LS
TRST = Straight Lead LS
TRN = 5.0mm Negative Lead First
NRSA 101 M 16V 6.3X11 TR
Tape and Reel
Size: Dø X L (mm) : Diameter by Length
Working Voltage Rating (VDC)
Capacitance Value Tolerance: M = ±20%
Series
Capacitance Value in uF: (3 digit code) First 2 digits are significant. Third
digit is number of zeros. 100 = 10uF, 101 = 100uF, 332 = 3300uF. Values
less than 10uF R = decimal 1R0 = 1.0uF, 4R7 = 4.7uF
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Part Numbering System
NIC NAE, NASA, NASS, NAE-WT and NNA Series
NASA 472 M 16V 16X31
Tape & Reel
Dø = 3.5mm ~ 8mm are
available on tape and reel
Tape and Reel Code = TR
Size: Dø X L (mm) : Diameter by Length
Working Voltage Rating (VDC)
Capacitance Value Tolerance: M = ±20%
Series
Capacitance Value in uF: (3 digit code) First 2 digits are significant. Third
digit is number of zeros. 100 = 10uF, 101 = 100uF, 332 = 3300uF. Values
less than 10uF R = decimal 1R0 = 1.0uF, 4R7 = 4.7uF
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Part Numbering System
NIC NRLM, NRLF, NRLMW and NRLFW Series
NRLM 103 M 35V 25X40
These large can styles are only
available in bulk for hand insertion
Size: Dø X L (mm) : Diameter by Length
Working Voltage Rating (VDC)
Capacitance Value Tolerance: M = ±20%
Series
Capacitance Value in uF: (3 digit code) First 2 digits are significant. Third
digit is number of zeros. 100 = 10uF, 101 = 100uF, 332 = 3300uF. Values
less than 10uF R = decimal 1R0 = 1.0uF, 4R7 = 4.7uF
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Part Numbering System
NIC NACxx Series (14 Series)
NACE 221 M 16V 6.3X8 TR13
Tape & Reel Qty
3 & 4 mm Dø = 1500 pcs.
5mm Dø & 6.3x5.5 = 1000
6.3x6.3 = 800 pcs.
6.3X8 = 500 pcs.
8 & 10 mm Dø = 300 pcs.
12mm Dø= 200 pcs.
Tape and Reel
330mm (13”) Reel
Size: Dø X L (mm) : Diameter by Length
Working Voltage Rating (VDC)
Capacitance Value Tolerance: M = ±20%
Series
Capacitance Value in uF: (3 digit code) First 2 digits are significant. Third
digit is number of zeros. 100 = 10uF, 101 = 100uF, 332 = 3300uF. Values
less than 10uF R = decimal 1R0 = 1.0uF, 4R7 = 4.7uF
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Part Numbering System
NIC NSP Series
NSP 470 M 6.3V D TR
Tape and Reel: 3500 pieces per
330mm (13”) Reel,
12mm tape with 8mm pitch
Size Code: D = 7.3mm x 4.3mm (L x W)
Working Voltage Rating (VDC)
Capacitance Value Tolerance: M = ±20%
Series
Capacitance Value in uF: (3 digit code) First 2
digits are significant. Third digit is number of
zeros. 100 = 10uF, 101 = 100uF, 332 = 3300uF.
Values less than 10uF R = decimal 1R0 = 1.0uF,
4R7 = 4.7uF
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Part Numbering System
NIC NACM Series
NACM 100 M 25V 3.8X6.5 TR
Tape & Reel Qty
3.8x6.5 = 3000 pcs.
4.8x7.3 = 2000 pcs.
Tape and Reel
380mm (15”) Reel
Size: W X L (mm) : Width by Length
Working Voltage Rating (VDC)
Capacitance Value Tolerance: M = ±20%
Series
Capacitance Value in uF: (3 digit code) First 2 digits are
significant. Third digit is number of zeros. 100 = 10uF, 101 =
100uF Values less than 10uF R = decimal R47 = 0.47uF, 1R0
= 1.0uF, 4R7 = 4.7uF
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Market
Source: Paumanok PublicationsInc.presented @ CARTS 1999
Worldwide Unit Shipment Forecast
80
70
60
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
50
40
30
20
10
0
Billions of Units
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Market
Source: Paumanok PublicationsInc.presented @ CARTS 1999
Average Worldwide Unit Price (ASP)
$0.060
$0.050
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999 F
$0.040
$0.030
$0.020
$0.010
$0.000
ASP
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Market
Source: Paumanok PublicationsInc.presented @ CARTS 1999
Worldwide Demand By Market Segment
Specialty
1997
(Million
USD)
$0
Standard
$1,000
$2,000
$3,000
Standard types include +85C, +105C Standard & Low ESR
Specialty types includes solid aluminum electrolytic, Flash/Strobe and large can
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Market
• Most popular part style (with the most aggressive
pricing) continues to be miniature +85°C rated
general-purpose style radial leaded style parts.
( NIC NRSA, NRSS series )
• Axial* and snap-in leaded styles both continue
to grow at modest rates.
* - Recently UCC and Panasonic discontinued axial leaded
style parts. We have been successful in converting axial
leaded style customers over to NIC.
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Market
• Largest growth has been for surface mount cylindrical can
style parts.
• Lower pricing, higher available capacitance values voltage ratings and better safety factor, than tantalum style
parts, have fueled growth
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
SMT
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
(see WEBSITE)
Cross Referencing Surface Mount
S urfa c e M o unt A lum inum E le c tro lytic C a p a c ito r C ro s s R e fe re nc e
N IC
S e rie s
D e s c rip tio n
E lna
N ic hic o n
P a na s o nic
R ub yc o n
S a nyo
U nite d
C he m ic o n
NA C E
C ylind ric a l C a n,
8 5 °C
R V,R V 2
RV 3
U U R ,U W X
UUG
VA
VS
RE V
C V -C
C V -B S
MV
NA C E N
C ylind ric a l C a n,
N o n-P o la r
8 5 °C
RV B
UW P
V S -N
NE V
C V -N P
MVBP
NA C E W
NA C H
C ylind ric a l C a n,
1 0 5 °C
R V L ,R V J
RV S
U U V,U W T
U U T,U U X
V G ,V V
H A ,H B
RGV
RK V
MVK
MVJ
RC H
MF
MFK
NA C L
NA C M
NA C P
NA C S
NA C T
NA C V
NA C V F
NA C X
C ylind ric a l C a n,
Low Leakage
8 5 °C
M o ld e d C hip ,
L o w P ro file ,
1 0 5 °C
C ylind ric a l C a n,
L o w P ro file ,
4 .0 /4 .6 m m ,8 5 °C
C ylind ric a l C a n,
L o w P ro file ,
5 .5 m m , 8 5 °C
C ylind ric a l C a n,
E xte nd e d
Te m p e ra ture ,
1 2 5 °C
C ylind ric a l C a n,
H ig h Vo lta g e ,
1 0 5 °C
C ylind ric a l C a n,
5 .5 m m H g t.,
L o w Z, 1 0 5 °C
NA C Z
N A C ZF
C ylind ric a l C a n,
L o w Z, 1 0 5 °C
NS P
M o ld e d C hip ,
S o lid A lum inum ,
1 0 5 °C
U ZS
C V -B D
C V -B B S
RV K
R TK
UUB
UUH
C V -P X
UUG
UUJ
RV H
UW F
FC
RV H
UW F
UUJ
FC
R ZV
C V -G X
C V -G X
CD
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
N IC
S e r ie s
N R E -L
D e s c r ip t io n
R a d i a l, L o w P r o fi le
8 5 oC
ELNA
RC
L o w P r o fi le ,
NRELS
R e d u c e d S i ze
RC
8 5 oC
Illin o is
C a p a c it o r
M a llo r y
Radial
Leaded
N ic h ic o n
(see WEBSITE)
U n it e d
P a n a s o n ic
R ubycon
SS
WA
SS
M59
UV X
S U (E C E A )
TW S S
SME
UV R
M
YK
SMG
KA
MS7
KS
MS5
S RE C
WXA
K RG
SSP
K M E (V B )
YX A
K M G (V B )
RS C
URS
RS S
UV S
RS C
URS
RS S
UV S
C h e m ic o n
S RG
S RC
S RG
R a d i a l,
NRSA
C u r r e n t S i ze
RE 2
CKR
RE 3
CKS
RC 2
P UM
SKR
8 5 oC
R a d i a l,
NRSS
N e w R e d u c e d S i ze
8 5 oC
R a d i a l,
N R E -S
7 m m H e i g ht
SSR
o
85 C
US R
US A
S RA C
S RG
R a d i a l,
NSR
5 m m H e i g ht
RC 3
UMA
8 5 oC
R a d i a l,
N R E -LW
URT
L o w P r o fi le ,
URZ
8 5 oC
R a d i a l,
N R WA
C u r r e n t S i ze
RJ3
o
105 C
RMR
TK R
UP R
CKH
TM R
UV Z
R a d i a l,
NRWS
R e d u c e d S i ze
RJ4
UV Z
o
105 C
N H E (E C E A )
MH
NHG
R a d i a l,
N R E -S W
7 m m H e i g ht
RC 2S
PGM
US T
KG
MH7
1 0 5 oC
KMA
R a d i a l,
NSRW
5 m m H e i g ht
RC 3S
UMT
MH5
K RE
TW L
LLA
1 0 5 oC
R a d i a l,
N L E -L
Low Leakage
R B (L L )
o
85 C
RLR
RLS
UK L
R a d i a l, L o w L e a k a g e ,
NLE
7 m m H e i g ht
RC 2L
PLM
US L
8 5 oC
R a d i a l, L o w L e a k a g e ,
NLES
5 m m H e i g ht
UML
8 5 oC
R a d i a l,
N L E -LW
Low Leakage,
1 0 5 oC
RC 25
UK L
Z
Industry Standard
MOST POPULAR STYLE
Cross Referencing
Axial
Leaded
Cross Referencing
(see WEBSITE)
N IC
S e rie s
D e scrip tio n
E LNA
Illino is
C a p a cito r
M a llo ry
N ichico n
P a na so nic
R ub yco n
U nite d
C he m ico n
NA E
A xia l,
S ta nd a rd S ize ,
8 5 oC
TE 2
TTA
TC G
SKA
TV X
S U (E C E B )
TTM S
TTS
S M E (T)
NA S A
A xia l,
S ta nd a rd S ize ,
8 5 oC
TE 2
TTA
TC G
SKA
TV X
L S (E C E B )
S U (E C E B )
NA S S
A xia l,
R e d uce d S ize ,
8 5 oC
TE 2
N A E -W T
A xia l,
S ta nd a rd S ize ,
1 0 5 oC
TJ
NNA
A xia l,
B i-P o la r,
8 5 oC
S M E (T)
S U (E C E B )
TC X
B PA
N H E (E C E B )
K M E (T)
NA
S M -N P
Axial Leaded Parts Discontinued
in1998 by Panasonic and UCC
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum electrolytic capacitors are used in virtually every
segment of the electronics industry. Any product that "plugs into
the wall" (receives it's power from the utility company) uses
aluminum electrolytic capacitors in the power supply circuitry
which converts AC voltage from the utility company into clean
continuous DC voltage to power the circuitry.
POWER SUPPLY
Aluminum electrolytic capacitors are also widely used to provide
temporary voltage hold-up (they act as short-term energy sources)
during transition periods (high load, line droops, transient events)
within most electrical circuits.
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Typical markets/end-products using aluminum electrolytic capacitors include:
Power supplies (linear and switch mode), Point of Load (POL) Voltage
regulators and Converters (DC-DC, AC-DC), Line voltage conditioning (UPS
systems, PF correction) and inverters (DC-AC).
Computers and Peripherals (mother boards, monitors, disc / hard drives,
modems, soundcards, graphic/video cards, printers, scanners…etc.)
Telecommunications / Networking equipment (phones, switchers,
adapters, routers, hubs, LANs, Ethernet hardware, wireless communication… etc.)
Audio/Video equipment (CATV, recorders/cameras, signal processors,
amplifiers, projectors… etc.)
Appliances (power and control systems)
Security and Alarm (sensors, cameras, display and control)
Automotive (electronic control and display systems)
Medical (electro-surgery, dialogistic, monitoring)
Industrial Controls / Data Acquisition
Office and business equipment (point of sale, scanners, copiers, printers,
fax machines…etc.)
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications


 Positive (anode) polarity indicator
indicating electrolytic capacitor
Circuit
Schematics
Cathode (-) polarity indicator
indicating electrolytic capacitor
Energy storage / power source smoothing (voltage hold-up).
Power source noise filtering applications (shunts noise to ground).
AC signal bypass/filtering applications (shunts noise to ground).
Arc suppression (reduces high energy transients)
Also used in combination with a resistor or inductor
for circuit timing, filtering or tuning
Circuit A

Circuit B
Circuit coupling (passes AC and blocks DC)
Also used in combination with a resistor or inductor for
circuit timing, filtering or tuning
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface mount and Leaded
Product : Power supplies
Application: Input-Output circuit energy storage and noise filtering
(1) 1000uF @  35VDC
SMT version: NACZF102M35V18X17TR
Leaded version: NRSA102M35V12.5X25 or
Leaded version: NRSA102M50V16X25
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface mount and Leaded
Product : Power supplies
Application: Output circuit energy storage and noise filtering
Increasing output capacitance value
lowers ESR and ripple voltage!
Output Ripple Voltage
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Catalog Characteristics
NRSA Series Characteristics (catalog page 12)
ESR
Table
Capacitance
Value
MAXIMUM E.S.R. () AT 20°c AND 120Hz
C ap (F)
Voltage Ratings
W o rking Vo lta g e (V d c)
6 .3
10
16
25
35
0 .4 7
50
63
353
100
283
1 .0
166
133
2 .2
7 5 .4
6 0 .4
3 .3
5 0 .3
4 .7
3 5 .3
3 1 .8
2 8 .3
1 9 .9
1 6 .6
1 5 .0
1 3 .3
10
22
4 0 .3
1 0 .6
9 .0 5
7 .5 4
6 .7 9
6 .0 4
33
8 .0 5
7 .0 4
6 .0 4
5 .0 3
4 .5 3
4 .0 3
47
5 .6 5
4 .9 4
4 .2 4
3 .5 3
3 .1 8
2 .8 3
1 .9 9
1 .6 6
1 .5 0
1 .3 3
100
3 .1 6
2 .6 6
2 .3 3
220
1 .4 4
1 .2 1
1 .0 6
330
470
1 .11
0 .9 0 5 0 .7 5 4 0 .6 7 9 0 .6 0 4
0 .9 5 6 0 .8 0 5 0 .7 0 4 0 .6 0 4 0 .5 0 3 0 .4 5 3 0 .4 0 3
0 .7 7 7 0 .6 7 1 0 .5 6 5 0 .4 9 4 0 .4 2 4 0 .3 5 3 0 .3 1 8 0 .2 8 3
1 ,0 0 0
0 .3 6 5 0 .3 1 6 0 .2 6 6 0 .2 3 3 0 .1 9 9 0 .1 6 6 0 .1 5 0
2,200
0.181 0.159 0.136
3,300
0.131 0.116
0.121 0.106 0.0905 0.083
0.101 0.0905 0.0805 0.0829 0.065
4,700
0.0988 0.0883 0.0777 0.0706 .0635
6,800
0.0781 0.0708 0.0653 0.059
Industry Standard
Test Frequency
120Hz = Full Rectified 60Hz
Cap
ESR
1000
0.266
4700
0.077
10,000 0.056
0.07
10,000 0.0663 0.0614 0.0564 .0531
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface Mount
Product : CCD cameras (video systems , security systems)
Application: On-board energy storage, DC supply line hold-up and noise
filtering typically low voltage ( +5VDC) operation
4 ~ 6 SMT Aluminum typically per board
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface Mount or Leaded
Product : Video accelerator and sound cards
Application: On-board energy storage, DC supply line hold-up and noise
filtering typically low voltage ( +5VDC) operation
(19) SMT Aluminum
(2) Radial leaded Aluminum
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface Mount or Leaded
Product : (DFP) digital flat-panel display card
Application: On-board energy storage, DC supply line hold-up and noise
filtering typically low voltage ( +5VDC) operation
(15) SMT Aluminum
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface Mount
Product : Digital Television (DTV)
Application: On-board energy storage, DC supply line hold-up and noise
filtering typically low voltage ( +5VDC) operation
(15) SMT Aluminum
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface mount and Leaded
End Product : Telecommunication Network Interface Cards (NIC)
Application: On-board energy storage, DC supply line hold-up and noise
filtering typically low voltage ( +5VDC) operation
(2) Radial leaded Aluminum
(3) SMT Aluminum
(1) SMT Aluminum
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface Mount or Leaded
Product : Modems (Telephone Interface)
10uF
(1) 33uF @ 50VDC
Non-Polarized Aluminum
Electrolytic Capacitor
SMT version
NACEN330M50V10X10.8
is available
Speaker Circuit
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface Mount or Leaded
End Product : VME bus motherboard
(“VME” is widely accepted back-plane interconnection bus system
developed by a consortium of companies led by Motorola, now standardized as IEEE 1014. )
Application: On-board energy storage, DC supply line hold-up and noise
filtering typically low voltage ( +5VDC) operation
(9) SMT Aluminum
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface mount and Leaded
Product : DC-DC Converters
Application: Input and Output circuit energy storage and noise filtering
DC-DC Converters:
Commonly used in…
•
Portable instruments
•
Battery operated digital products
•
Industrial power distribution
(8) Radial Leaded •
Telecom power supplies
Aluminum
(3) SMT Aluminum
•
Notebook and palmtop computers
•
GPS systems
•
Cellular Telecomm Infrastructure
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Component Type: Surface Mount Aluminum Product : High Performance Video
Gaming (Sony Play-Station)
(41) SMT Aluminum
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Applications
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Component Type: Surface mount and Leaded
End Product : Computer motherboard
Application: On-board energy storage, DC supply line hold-up and noise
filtering typically low voltage ( +5VDC) operation
(38) Radial leaded Aluminum
Large number used in output capacitor bank
to minimize ESR (and reduce ripple voltage).
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Benefits
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Characteristics of aluminum electrolytic capacitors that sway
customers:
 Lowest cost… this is winning feature
 Higher CV... than offered by other competing technologies
 Safety… Aluminum electrolytic capacitors handle unforeseen
transients without complaint, far better than competing technologies. “Soft”
open circuit failure mode is preferred to short circuit failure mode of
competing technologies.
 Mature product with proven technology… It works
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Trade-offs
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Characteristics of aluminum electrolytic capacitors that most
customers accept or work around:
 Life expectancy... is limited as liquid electrolyte dries out over time and
temperature. Fortunately, this typically occurs long after the end product or
assembly has reached it’s useful lifetime.
 Reflow soldering only… surface mount style aluminum electrolytic
capacitors can not be used in wave-flow soldering. Fortunately most SMT
assemblies produced today are soldered using reflow soldering.
 Component height... aluminum electrolytic capacitors tend to stand
higher, as compared to competing technologies. For ultra-small applications
these style capacitors are sometimes too physically large (i.e.... pocket
phones, pagers, etc.)
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Competing Technologies
Competing - Alternate technologies
Tantalum Electrolytic:
+ Solid electrolyte (long life)
+ Lower profile (height) for height restrictive uses
+ Long term reliability is better
+ Low ESR - high ripple styles available
– More expensive than aluminum
– Limited to low voltages…
(4.7uFmax @ 50VDC, 15uFmax @ 35VDC, 22uFmax @ 25VDC, etc)
– Shorting failure mode… Smoke - flames - fire hazard...
limited tolerance to transient events.
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Competing Technologies
Competing - Alternate technologies
Ceramics:
+ Low ESR - High Ripple Rating
+ Long term reliability is better
– More expensive for >1uF
– Very unstable at >1uF(capacitance value decreases dramatically
with applied voltage and temperature)
– Limited to low voltage <25VDC for >1uF
– Shorting failure mode
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Technical Info
Customers may inquiry into the following:
Leaded Component Taping Specifications:
Leaded components are supplied either bulk (bags) or tape and
reel/tape and box (ammo pack).
 Taping is in accordance with EIA-468-B (Radial) or EIA-296-E (Axial)
guidelines.
 You can find the taping specifications in our catalog (pages 10 &11)
or at web site page:
 Standard Lead Spacing “TR” = 5mm (0.20”)
 Special Lead Spacing”TRF1” = 2.5mm (0.10”
Special Lead Spacing”TRST” = straight lead (no forming)
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Technical Info
Customers may inquiry into the following:
SMT Component Taping Specifications:
SMT components are supplied on tape and reel.
 Taping is in accordance with EIA-481-1A guidelines.
 You can find the taping specifications on the catalog data sheets for
each product series or at web site: http://www.niccomp.com
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Technical Info
Customers may inquiry into the following:
Soldering Land Patterns or Pads (SMT styles):
If the customer is looking for these, they are seeking the recommended
land pattern dimensions.
These can be found on the catalog data sheets for each product series
or from web site: http://www.niccomp.com
.
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Technical Info
Customers may inquiry into the following:
Soldering Profile (SMT styles):
The recommended soldering conditions SMT parts can withstand.
These can be found on the catalog data sheets for each product series
or from web site: http://www.niccomp.com
.
PRODUCT TRAINING: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors

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