What can be done with Open Data? Open Data Seminar Department of Public Expenditure and Reform D/Public Expenditure and reform, Government Buildings, Merrion Street, Dublin 2 Conference Room 0.2, South Block 2.00pm, Wednesday 11 February 2015 Tracey P. Lauriault and Rob Kitchin Programmable City Project, NIRSA, Maynooth University Table of Contents • Programmable City project • Data Management • 2 data use case examples • Transit • Homelessness • All Island Research Observatory (AIRO) • Dublin Dashboard The Programmable City • A European Research Council (ERC: €2.3m) and Science Foundation of Ireland (SFI: €200k) funded • SH3: Environment and Society • Team of 11 researchers • 1 PI; 4 Pd Researchers; 5 PhD students • Key themes: smart cities, software, ubiquitous • • computing, locative media, big and open data Primary site: Dublin; Secondary site: Boston 5 years (started June 2013) Aim Aim of the ERC project is to build off and extend a decade of work that culminated in Code/Space book (MIT Press) with a set of detailed empirical studies MIT Press 2011 Sage 2014 Objectives How is the city translated into software and data? How do software and data reshape the city? Discourses, Practices, Knowledge, Models Translation: City into Code/Data SOFTWARE THE CITY Transduction: Code/Data Reshapes City Mediation, Augmentation, Facilitation, Regulation Sub-Projects Understanding the city (Knowledge) Managing the city (Governance) Working in the city (Production) Living in the city (Social Politics) Creating the smart city Translation: City into code & data Transduction: Code & data reshape city How are digital data materially & discursively supported & processed about cities & their citizens? (Tracey, PdR) How does software drive public policy development & implementation? (Bob /Aoife PhDs) How are discourses & practices of How is software used to regulate & city governance translated into code? govern city life? (Jim, PhD) How is the geography & political economy of software production organised? (Alan, PhD) How is software discursively produced & legitimated by vested interests? (Darach, PhD) How does software alter the form & nature of work? (Leighton, PdR) How does software transform the spatiality & spatial behaviour of individuals? (Sung-Yueh, PdR) Dublin Dashboard (Gavin, PdR) Data Management Data Management Framework Jeff Pitot de La Beaujardière, Data Management Architect at NOAA https://geo-ide.noaa.gov/wiki/images/9/97/Wksp3-201208_Interagency_NOAA-DM-Architecture_DeLaBeaujardiere.pdf Transit Data Use Case Public Transit Conversation Privatizing public transport from the periphery to the centre? • Data Sources • • • Dublin Bus routes considered for privatisation - 23 Dublin Bus & 5 Bus Éireann routes CSO/AIRO maps at small area & electoral division to examine what public is served by public transport Data Sets: • Population by social class – professional workers, skilled manual labour • Private Car Ownership • Deprivation Index • Analysis • • Core – periphery analysis of bus route privatization • Examine demographics of ‘orbital’ areas served by proposed privatised bus routes • Effects of frequency of service delivery to different populations Limitations • Absence of route-specific passenger load data Eoin O’Mahony, Assistant Lecturer SPD/DCU & Omar Sarhan, GIS and data enthusiast https://irelandafternama.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/privatizing-public-transport-from-the-periphery-to-the-centre/ Transit & Demographic Data Eoin O’Mahony, Assistant Lecturer SPD/DCU & Omar Sarhan, GIS and data enthusiast https://irelandafternama.wordpress.com/2015/02/05/privatizing-public-transport-from-the-periphery-to-the-centre/ Transportation Applications http://www.dublinbus.ie/en/rtpi/sources-of-real-time-information “In Transit” part of the Cabspotting program run by the Exploratorium, using data from Yellow Cab and visualisations Stamen Design - See more at: http://www.apps4ottawa.ca http://www.ethanzuckerman.com/blog/2008/12/26/mapping-infrastructure/en/apps/68 and-flow/#sthash.qar3OcMV.dpuf Homeless Data Use Case Homelessness • Dublin Region Homeless Executive (DRHE) Research and Data Advisory Committee (RDAC) • Housing Agency • DRHE • Public Health • Focus Ireland • School of Social work and • • • Social Policy TCD Programmable City, NUIM School of Business, TCD HSE Network of Decision makers • Homelessness Oversight Committee • National Homeless Consultative Committee • Dublin Joint Homelessness Consultative Forum • 2016 Census Advisory Committee • Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government • Local Authorities/HSE • Charitable organizations • Housing and service providers ...more Data collection http://www.homelessdublin.ie/pass http://www.dublincity.ie/official-street-count-figures-roughsleeping-winter-2014-across-dublin-region http://www.cso.ie/en/census/census2011reports/ho melesspersonsinirelandaspecialcensus2011report/ Data dissemination http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousing/Housing/SpecialNeeds/HomelessPeople/ http://www.environ.ie/en/DevelopmentHousing/Housing/SpecialNeeds/HomelessPeople/ Atlas of the Risk of Homelessness “https://gcrc.carleton.ca/confluence/display/GCRCWEB/Pilot+Atlas+of+the+Risk+of+Homelessness Risk of Homelessness Indicators Across Time Aging Social Housing Stock by Neighbourhood: Toronto Municipal Data Collection Tool All-Island Research Observatory All-Island Research Observatory • Spatial data portal and consultancy specializing in • • evidence-based planning Been operating since 2005 (initially as CBRRO) Interactive mapping & graphing modules both North/South AIRO – data, maps, services Dublin Dashboard Partnership & Funding • • • Developed (Start 2013): • The Programmable City project • All-Island Research Observatory (AIRO) Partnership: • Dublin City Council Funded: • European Research Council • Science Foundation Ireland • 2 years of funding (spread over 3 years) The Dublin Dashboard includes: • real-time information • time-series indicator data • & interactive maps about all aspects of the city Benefits: • detailed, up to date intelligence about the city that aids everyday decision making and fosters evidence-informed analysis. Freely available data sources: • Dublin City Council • Dublinked • Central Statistics Office • Eurostat • government departments • links to a variety of existing applications Produced by: • The Programmable City project • All-Island research Observatory (AIRO) at Maynooth University working with Dublin City Council • Funded by : • the European Research Council (ERC) • Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) Why produce a Dublin Dashboard? • To answer the following questions: • How well is Dublin performing? • What’s happening in the city right now? • Where are the nearest facilities to me? • What are the patterns of population, employment, • • • crime, housing, etc in the city? What are the future development plans? How do I report issues about the city? How can I freely access data about the city? Logic & principles • • • • • • Provides practical, useful, accessible city intelligence to public, government and companies to aid everyday decision making, evidence-informed debate, and policy formulation Pull together data about all aspects of the city – including realtime info - from as many sources as possible (e.g., DCC, Dublinked, CSO, Eurostat, govt depts) Select data that are: • systematic and continuous in operation and coverage • timely and traceable over time Data displayed through an analytical dashboard that uses interactive data visualisations that require no a priori knowledge to use Produced as a platform that leverages existing resources and encourages new app development. The data are open for others to use and re-work. • • • • • • • • • • • • How’s Dublin Doing? • Dublin Indicators and benchmarking tools Dublin Real-Time • Real-time data from sensors across Dublin Dublin Mapped • Detailed Census maps for 2006 & 2011 Census, crime, live register Dublin Planning • Zoning and planning permissions Dublin Near To Me • Maps of location and nearness to public services, area profiles Dublin Housing • Maps of housing, house prices and commuting patterns Dublin Reporting • FixMyStreet, CityWatch, FixMyArea Dublin Data Stores • Access to all data used in the dashboard Dublin Social (in progress) • Maps of social media activity Dublin Modelled (in progress) • Modelling and scenario tools Dublin Apps (in progress) • Directory of apps relevant to Dublin Have Your Say (in progress) • Feedback from users Next steps • The Dashboard is extensive, but far from finished • It is an on-going project and we are working on: • • • • • • • adding more real-time data extending indicator/benchmarking data and mapping modules opening up more datasets and encouraging new data generation, more geo-referencing of data, and better ways to share data (APIs, machine-readable) adding new modules: city snapshot, social media, modelling (needs investment), links to city apps translating for mobile platforms (e.g. tablet/smartphone apps) encouraging others to leverage data and add new apps We’re interested in working with any interested parties to help develop Dashboard further or to implement it for different places "Great cities embrace the data ... they are not defensive about it ... they improve" Louisville Mayor, Greg Fischer www.dublindashboard.ie https://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/progcity @ProgCity Acknowledgements Programmable City project research is funded by a European Research Council Advanced Investigator award (ERC-2012-AdG-323636-SOFTCITY).