Elements and Principles of Design

Report
the building blocks used to create a work of art
• Line
• Shape
• Form
• Value
• Color
• Texture
• Space
• Volume/Mass
An extended point; with
length and direction
Can you Name some
types of lines?
Wassily Kandinsky
• Russian-born artist
• 1866-1944
• one of the first creators of pure abstraction in modern painting
"Composition VIII", 1923
Composition VIII reflects the
influence of Suprematism
and Constructivism
He uses different colors
within the forms to energize
their geometry: a yellow
circle with blue halo versus
blue circle with yellow
halo; a right angle filled
with blue and an acute
angle colored pink.
Jackson Pollock
• American Painter
• 1912-1956
• the commanding figure of the Abstract Expressionist movement
“Lavender Mist: Number 1”, 1950
• Pollock was the first “all-over‘”
painter, pouring paint rather
than using brushes and a
palette, and abandoning all
conventions of a central motif
• “The painting has a life of its
own. I try to let it come
through.”
• He painted no image, just
”action”
Piet Mondrian
• Dutch Abstract Painter
• 1872-1944
• the real artist of geometry, “abstract purity”
“Composition with Red, Yellow, Blue and
Black”, 1921
• Mondrian imposed rigorous
constraints on himself, using only
primary colors, black and white, and
straight-sided forms.
• he developed a new style of
abstract painting, replacing his
cluttered canvasses with simplicity
• Outline
• Contour Line
• Gesture Line
•
•
•
•
A closed line
It is 2-D
Can be geometric
Can be organic
Henri Matisse
• French Fauvist Artist
• 1869-1954
“Anfitrite”, 1947
• gouache on paper cut and pasted
• Matisse generally cut the shapes out
freehand, using a small pair of
scissors and saving both the item cut
out and remaining scraps of paper.
• A 3-D object having
volume and thickness
Value Scale
• “tone”
• The lightness or
darkness of an color
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Highlight
Area of Illumination
Half Shade
Deep Shade
Cast Shadow
• Blended
• Crosshatch
• Hatch
• Techniques
• Stipple
• Scumble
• Blended
• Crosshatch
• Hatch
• Techniques
• Stipple
M.C. Escher, Drawing Hands 1948
Lithograph
• Scumble
• Blended
• Crosshatch
• Hatch
• Techniques
• Stipple
• Scumble
• Blended
• Crosshatch
• Hatch
• Techniques
• Stipple
• Scumble
M.C. Escher, Hand with Fir Cone
1921 woodcut
• Blended
• Crosshatch
• Hatch
• Techniques
• Stipple
• Scumble
• Blended
• Crosshatch
• Hatch
• Techniques
• Stipple
• Scumble
• Drawing Pencil
• surface quality
• either tactile or visual
• the degree of
roughness or
smoothness
• the area between
and around objects
• Positive/negative
space
“HUE”: color in it’s pure
state
• Chroma: purity or
intensity of color
• Intensity: bright/dull
• Value: light/dark
•
•
•
•
•
•
Monochromatic
Analogous
Complementary
Triadic
Tint/Shade
Warm/Cool
•
V: Refers to the space
within a form
•
M: the effect and degree
of bulk, density, and
weight of matter in space
Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms of Continuity in
Space, 1913, Bronze
• Emphasis
• Balance
• Rhythm
• Harmony
• Movement
• Proportion
• Unity & Variety
• Repetition
• Pattern
• Contrast
• Focal Point
• area that first
attracts attention in
a composition
symmetrical or
evenly balanced
• feeling of visual
equality in shape,
form, value, color,
etc…
asymmetrical and un-evenly
balanced
• A visual tempo or
beat
• regular repetition of
elements of art to
produce the look and
feel of movement.
Henri Matisse, “Dance (I)”, 1909
• A way of combining
elements of art to
accent their
similarities and bind
the picture parts into
a whole.
Henri Matisse, “Dance (I)”, 1909
• A way of combining
visual elements to
produce a sense of
implied action.
Pablo Picasso, “Starry Night”, 1889
•
size relationship of
parts to a whole and
to one another.
Leonardo da Vinci , “Vitruvian Man”, 1480
•
Unity: The quality of wholeness
or oneness; when the
components of a work of art
are perceived as harmonious,
giving the work a sense of
completion.
•
Variety: adds interest by using
contrasting elements within the
composition; an assortment.
UNITY & VARIETY
Wasily Kandinsky, “Several
Circles”, 1926
• Element occurring more
than once
• Repetition with
Variation is interesting,
• without variation
repetition can become
monotonous
• The repetition of
anything - shapes,
lines, or colors in a
planned way
• Also called a motif,
in a design
M.C. Escher, Path of Life III 1966 woodcut in red
and black, printed from 2 blocks
•
•
•
when two related
elements are different.
using opposing qualities
next to each other. For
example, black and
white
Contrast adds variety to
the total design and
creates unity.
Georges La tour, Joseph the Carpenter
1645, Louvre, Paris
References
Alpha Books. (2013). [Online image]. Retrieved from http://idiotsguides.com/static/quickguides/artphotography/drawing-101-shadingtechniques.html
Chiang, H. C. (2014). Drawings. Retrieved from http://www.physicschick.com/personal.shtml
Christus Rex Project. (2000). Joseph the Carpenter. Retrieved from http://www.christusrex.org/www2/art/Latour.htm
Duey, B. (2008). [Online image]. http://www.dueysdrawings.com/shading_tutorial.html
Fussell, M. (2010). Use Positive and Negative Space to Enhance Your Art Compositions. Retrieved from
http://thevirtualinstructor.com/blog/use-positive-and-negative-space-to-enhance-your-art-compositions
Ibiblio.org. (2010). Vitruvian Man. Retrieved from http://sunsite.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/vinci/sketch/proports.jpg
Labyrinth Conceptions. (2006). [Online image]. Retrieved form http://www.homeschoolarts.com/pi-l1-4.htm
Lukyanov, I. (2010). [Online image]. Retrieved from http://drawingsketchaday.blogspot.com/2010/06/realistic-hand-sketch-drawing.html
McArdle, T. (2014). [Online image]. http://www.art-is-fun.com/henna-hand-designs.html
Pioch, N. (2002). Jackson Pollock. Retrieved from http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/pollock/lavender-mist/
Printable Colouring Pages. (2011). Geometric Shapes Color. Retrieved from http://printablecolouringpages.co.uk/?s=triangles&page=2
Rummyhunny. (2010). Color!. Retrieved from http://rummyhunny.blogspot.com/2010/11/i-understand-them.html
Sofia Learning, LLC. (2014). [Online image]. Retrieved from
http://www.sophia.org/download/ckeditor%2Fpictures/2940/data/content/unity%20variety.jpg?1310621834
Succession H. Matisse. (2011). Paper Cut Outs. Retrieved from http://www.henri-matisse.net/cut_outs.html
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (2013). Unique Forms of Continuity in Space. Retrieved form http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-ofart/1990.38.3
The Modern Museum of Art. (2014). Composition with Red, Blue, Black, Yellow, and Gray. Retrieved form
http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=79002
The Modern Museum of Art. (2014). Paris, Boulevard des Invalides. Retrieved from
http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=79124
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. (2014). Vasily Kandinsky. Retrieved from http://www.guggenheim.org/newyork/education/school-educator-programs/teacher-resources/arts-curriculum-online?view=item&catid=716&id=150
Today in Art. (2014). [Online image]. Retrieved from http://todayinart.com/2009/12/8-drawing-exercises-that-every-artist-shouldpractice/
Van Gogh Gallery. (2013). Starry, Starry Night. Retrieved from http://www.vangoghgallery.com/painting/starry-night.html
Word Press. (2012). Color Wheel. Retrieved from http://painting-course.com/595/color-theory/wheel-for-painting/
Word Press. (2012). Drawing Lines. Retrieved from http://painting-course.com/98/drawing-lessons/drawing-lines/

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