Title I, Part A District Budget Planning The *Small* Stuff

Title I, Part A District
Budget Planning
The “Small” Stuff
Julie McGuire, MEd
Federal Funds Coordinator
Carrollton-Farmers Branch ISD
Ok, you have your District Title 1,
Part A planning amounts, now
Collecting data for determining
poverty levels for your schools.
 Federal regulations require Title I funds to be
allocated at the building level based on the
number of low-income children residing in each
attendance area.
 School districts are allowed to use any month’s
data to determine their free and reduced eligible
child count. Use the month that is most
advantageous for your school district. However,
one month must be used uniformly for all buildings
within the district.
Title I Eligibility
 40% - 100% - School-Wide
 35% - 39.99% - Targeted
 If the school’s poverty rate is at least as high as
the district’s average poverty rate.
What is a “Feeder Pattern
 How do we determine eligibility based on feeder
Feeder pattern is a used to determine a
secondary school campus Title I funding
eligibility based on the percentages of lowincome students in the elementary
school/schools that “feed” into it.
 If a junior high/middle school or senior high school
building has been determined ineligible, then using
the feeder pattern may make that building eligible.
 To use the feeder pattern list of elementary schools
that feed into the school building they hope to
make eligible. The average percent of poverty for
those elementary schools would be applied to that
building giving it a new poverty percentage.
Grandfather Option
 The grandfather option may be used to continue to
serve a school that was eligible for Title I funds
and was served in the preceding year as a Title I
school but would no longer be eligible.
 The grandfather option may only be used to
provide Title I services for one additional year.
Does an LEA have to serve all
eligible schools?
 75% Rule – all schools 75% and above MUST be
 125% Rule – If a district chooses to serve any
school with a poverty rate below the 35%
threshold, any school/schools with rates above
35% must receive an amount per student equal to
or above the 125% of the district per-child
Does an LEA have to serve all
eligible schools?
 Grade Span - Once all schools above the 75
percent threshold are served, and LEA may choose
to rank schools within grade spans, rather than all
the schools together. This means an LEA could
rank elementary schools separately from middle
and high schools, and it could choose to serve
some grade spans but not others. Within a grade
span, higher poverty schools still must be served
first and get more money per low-income child. If
an LEA’s schools have irregular grade spans, a
school should be included in the grade span
deemed most appropriate by the LEA.
Skipped Campus
Skipped Campus - An LEA may choose to
“skip a campus” if ALL the following
conditions are met:
 Comparability of Services Requirement
 Skipped campus must receive supplemental
funds which are expended to meet either the
requirements of TEC §1114 or §1115
 Supplemental funds must equal or exceed the
Title I, Part A funds that are not being provided
to the “skipped campus”
Skipped Campuses & Private
School Participation
Skipped Campus Requirements:
Private School Participation
 If the LEA chooses to “skip” a campus, the LEA must
provide the opportunity to receive Title I, Part A services
to all eligible private school children who reside within
the boundaries of the attendance area of the “skipped”
Reservation of Funds/Set-Asides
 Before allocating funds, an LEA shall reserve funds, off
the top, that are reasonable and necessary to conduct
other authorized activities such as preschool programs,
summer school and intersession programs, professional
development, program improvement, and coordinated
 There is no maximum amount that an LEA may reserve
for administration, staff development, or other
reservations. However, please bear in mind that Title I
funds are primarily to be used to enable participating
children to make adequate progress towards
meeting the challenging State standards
Reservation of Funds/Set-Asides
 Comparable services
 Homeless students in non-participating schools
 Students in Neglected Facilities
 School Improvement Requirements
 School Improvement-20% unless the LEA meets
these requirements with non-Title I funds or
unless a lesser amount is needed
a minimum of 10% for professional
 School Choice-related transportation
Title I, Part A and other programs
do not have an administrative cap
must maintain an amount of funds
reserved for administration of the
program are reasonable and
necessary. As a rule of thumb, 5%
admin is considered by USDE as
reasonable and necessary.
Reservation of Funds/Set-Asides
 Professional Development – For professional
development is required if a Title I school has
teachers who do not meet the “highly-qualified”
definition of NCLB. Amount must be at least 5% of
current entitlement
 Parental Involvement - 1% if LEAs entitlement
exceeds $500,000; with 95% of the 1% reserved
being allocated to Title I campuses in addition to
their basic campus allocation
 Private School Programs
 Preschool, Summer School, Intercession Programs
125% Special Allocation Rule
125% Special Allocation Rule:
Serving campus below 35%
 All participating campuses receive an amount that is at
least 125% of LEAs per-pupil allocation
125 Percent Per-Pupil Calculation
Total LEA entitlement divided by Total Number of
students in LEA=Base amount per pupil
Base amount multiplied by 125% (1.25)=
minimum amount per pupil
to ALL campuses being served.
An LEA uses this Special Allocation Rule only when serving campuses
below 35%.
 If an LEA chooses to fund any school attendance areas or schools
with a poverty level below 35% (twice the national average of
children aged 5-17 in poverty) then the per low-income amounts
allocated to all its participating schools or areas must be at least
125% of the per low-income pupil the LEA received for that year
under Title I.
 PURPOSE: The purpose of the 125% rule is to ensure that funds
are focused on the highest poverty schools in the LEA.
• It has no relevance for higher-poverty LEAs in which all schools
have 35% or higher poverty.
• It definitely has an impact on less-impoverished LEAs with schools
below 35% poverty; the 125% rule forces these less-impoverished
LEAs to focus their money on their highest poverty schools,
regardless of local pressure to spread the funds more widely.
• This rule applies regardless of whether the LEA is a Single
Attendance Area or Multiple Attendance Area.
125% Special Allocation Rule
 The LEA must calculate the 125% per-pupil
amount based on the LEAs total entitlement, not
on the amount remaining after reserves are
 The LEA must allocate at least the minimum
amount for each low-income child at each campus
the LEA serves with Title I, Part A funds, not just
for those campuses below 35% poverty.
Carryover Funds
 ESEA limits the amount of Title I, Part A funds a
district may carry over from one fiscal year’s
allocation to not more than 15 percent of the
total Title I, Part A funds allocated to the district
for that fiscal year.
Carryover Funds
 Although a district may not use carryover funds to
provide services in an ineligible Title I school, a
district has considerable discretion in handling
carryover funds. Some of these options include:
 Adding carryover funds to the district's currentyear allocation and distributing them to
participating areas and schools in accordance
with allocation procedures that ensure equitable
participation of private school children.
 An LEA may also use the carryover for districtlevel activities, such as parental involvement.
 Allowing each campus to retain its carryover
funds for use in the subsequent year.
An LEA that is a Single Attendance
Area or that has a total enrollment
of fewer than 1,000 students may
allocate funds to any campus,
regardless of rank order of poverty
Districts may not take funds from a
building that has a larger allocation
and distribute it to buildings that
have smaller allocations.
 An LEA that chooses to serve
campuses with 75 percent poverty or
less using grade span groupings may
determine different per-child amounts
for different grade spans as long as
those amounts do not exceed the
amount allocated to any campus above
75 percent poverty. Per-child amounts
within grade spans may also vary, as
long as the LEA allocates higher perchild amounts to campuses with higher
poverty rates than it allocates to
campuses in the grade span with lower
poverty rates.
An LEA must bear in mind, however,
that the goal of Title I, Part A is to
enable participating children to
make adequate progress toward
meeting the challenging student
performance standards that all
children are expected to meet. The
per child allocation amount must be
large enough to provide a
reasonable assurance that a school
can operate a Title I program of
sufficient quality to achieve that
 The Title I statute requires allocations
to be based on the total number of
low-income children in a school
attendance area or school. Therefore,
poverty is the only factor on which an
LEA may determine funding. In other
words, an LEA may not allocate
funds based on the instructional
model, educational need, or any
other non-poverty factor. In fact,
now that Title I, Part A places the
responsibility for selecting participants
and designing programs on schools
rather than on the LEA, the LEA will
not necessarily be in a position to know
in advance the instructional model or
educational need when determining

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