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Astanti Fatsa Yulia
10506050
OLED
Semikonduktor padat berukuran 100-500 nm
OLED dapat terdiri dari 2-3 lapisan senyawa
organik.
bagian OLED : substrat, anoda, lapisan senyawa
organik, serta katoda.
OLED 2 lapis : Conducting layer dan Emissive layer.
OLED 3 lapis : Electron Transport Layer, Emissive
Layer, Hole Transport Layer.
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Mengemisikan cahaya
Kaya warna (termasuk hitam)
View angle lebih luas
Konsumsi energi lebih rendah
Biaya produksi OLED lebih rendah
dibandingkan produksi LCD
Susbstrat fleksibel
Gambar 1. Struktur OLEDs 2lapis
(www.howstuffworks.com/OLEDs)
Gambar 2.Struktur OLEDs 3 lapis
(www.chem.wisc.edu/OLEDs)
Komponen Senyawa Organik :
Amorphous film
High Tg > 100ºC
Device :
Luminensi > 20000 cd/m2
Quantum efficiency > 4%
Power efficiency > 20 Im/W
Turn-on voltage < 6 V
Lifetime > 10000 h
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Metal chelates
Flourene, Carbazole, Maleimide
Anthracene
0,5000 g 1,2-diaminobenzene dilarutkan
dalam 20 mL metanol (suhu kamar)
diaduk sampai larut dan
ditambah 1 gram benzil
Larutan diaduk, dipanaskan dalam
microwave selama 20 detik
ditambah 1-2 tetes H2SO4 pekat
(pH ± 4-5)
Larutan disaring dan dicuci sedikit metanol,
tampung filtratnya
Filtrat dievaporasi hingga terbentuk kristal
coklat muda
Kristal dikeringkan
Kristal diuji kemurniannya (TLC), titik leleh,
spektrum florosensi IR, MS dan NMR
+
O
+
O
OH
HO
H+
NH2
benzil
NH2
OH 2+
OH
OH 2+
HN
NH
OH
+H
2N
NH 2 +
OH 2+
OH 2+
HN
NH
HSO4-
N
N
2,3-diphenylquinoxaline
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Massa kristal (I) = 1,300 gram (rendemen
92,86%)
m.p = 115-120ºC (literatur 115-116ºC)
Kristal murni ditandai dengan munculnya 1
titik (Rf = 0,8)
Spektrum florosensi : 521 nm
Spektrum IR : puncak di daerah 600-800 cm1,1209 cm-1, 1400-1500 cm-1, 1600-1660
cm-1, 2900-3000 cm-1
No δ Hasil Sintesis
δ Literatur
Intrepretasi
(ppm)
(ppm)
1
7,9492
7,81
Triplet
2
7,7628
7,67
Triplet
3
7,6045
7,51
Triplet
4
7,5355
7,47
Doublet
5
7,3484
7,41
Quintet
4
5
3
8
6
2
7
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
δ Hasil Sintesis (ppm)
154,1173
135,8600
130,8430
130,6721
130,3287
130,0330
129,7850
129,7263
δ Literatur (ppm)
153,4500
141,2800
139,1900
129,8800
129,8600
129,2400
128,7600
128,2300
Intrepretasi
Singlet
Singlet
Singlet
Doublet
Doublet
Doublet
Doublet
Doublet
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Stuart Dailey, W. J. Feast, R. J. Peace, Ian C. Sage, S. Till, E.
L. Wood. Synthesis and Device characterization of side-
chain polymer electron transport materials for organic
semiconductor applications. J. Mater. Chem, 2001, 11,

2238-2243.
Sung Min Kim, Jin-Soon Kim, Dong-Myung Shin, Young
Kwan Kim, and Yunkyoung Ha. Synthesis and Application
of the Novel Azomethine Metal Complexes for the Organic
Electroluminescent Devices. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2001,
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Vol. 22, No. 7.
S. Schrader, Proc. SPIE: Org. Photonic Mater. and Devices V,
2003, 4991, 45.
J. N. Bardsley, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quan. Elec.2004, 10, 3.
http://www.chem.wisc.edu/areas/organic/studsemin/jewe
ll/jewell-sem.pdf

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