PowerPoint-Präsentation

Report
Perspectives on Regional
Renewable Energy Cooperation
Dr. Armin Haas,
with the collaboration of Prof. Klaus Töpfer and Patrick Matschoss
Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies e.V. (IASS Potsdam)
Innovative solutions for climate finance, the energy transition and
an EU narrative
Paris, July 8-9, 2014
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
1
Rationale of the Presentation
• Sketch why regional cooperation may be
key for an economically and ecologically
sustainable development of renewable
energy in Europe.
• Sketch the main challenge for regional
cooperation.
• Highlight the need for social learning.
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
2
A Vision of Plenty
Rubens: Abundance
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Plenty in Europe
• 100 per cent cheap renewable electricity
for Europe.
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
4
European Renewable Domains
Source: RGI
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
5
The Supergrid
• Using renewables in a
wide area network.
• Getting rid of 80 per
cent of fluctuations.
• High Voltage Direct
Current Grid.
Source: Gregor Czisch, 2005
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
• Costs using 2005
technology: 4.6
Eurocent/kWh.
6
The Big Question
• Is Czisch’s vision technically sound?
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Smart Grids
• Local generation.
• Demand and load
management.
• Telematics.
• Virtual power
stations.
Source: European Commission
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Three Issues
• Are the SuperGrid and Smart Grids
mutually exclusive?
• Is there a route from here to there?
• Technical visions do not sufficiently reflect
the social dimension.
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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The SuperSmart Grid
• Synergy of SuperGrid
and
Smart Grids.
• Connecting concepts
and communities.
• Paying attention to the
social dimension of the
challenge.
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
10
Enhanced Renewables Cooperation
• Enhance cooperation of pioneering EU
states.
• Deploy renewable energies where they
perform best.
• Jointly create business opportunities for
the private sector.
• Trigger large-scale investments in Europe.
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
11
The Social Dimension
• Humans come with interests.
• Humans come with ideologies.
• Humans are humans:
Some are mindfulness, and some are ignorant;
some are clever, and some are dumb;
and some pretend to be ignorant or dumb.
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
12
A Socio-Ecological System
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Social Learning
• A fully renewable electricity system is a
concrete and practical topic for social
learning.
• Organise a search process for experimenting
with building blocks for such a system.
• Those who cannot learn from history are doomed
to repeat it.
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Case Study I: Desertec
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Desertec
• Desertec Foundation.
• Desertec Industrial Initiative.
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Founding Members of DII
•
•
•
•
•
•
Desertec Foundation
Schott Solar
M+W Group
Deutsche Bank
ABB Group
RWE
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
•
•
•
•
•
•
Munich Re
Abengoa Solar
Flagsol
HSH Nordbank
Cevital
E.ON
17
State of Play
• Most observers perceive Desertec
not as a success story.
• What happened?
• What can we learn from Desertec?
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Case Study II: RGI
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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State of Play
• The RGI seems to be a success story – so
far.
• How did it develop?
• What can we learn from the RGI?
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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A Social Learning Exercise
• What can we learn from Desertec, from
the Renewables Grid Initiative, and from
other initiatives for regional renewable
energy cooperation?
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Inside the Cornucopia
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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Thank You for Your Attention
Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies e.V.
Berliner Straße 130
D – 14467 Potsdam
Web: www.iass-potsdam.de
IASS Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies – Dr. Armin Haas – July 2014
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