myrrha - NuPECC

Report
The MYRRHA Project
Lucia Popescu
SCK•CEN
[email protected]
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Outlook
 MYRRHA
 Motivation
 Applications catalogue
 Technical design
 Project details
 GUINEVERE (FREYA)
 [email protected]
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
MYRRHA - Accelerator Driven System
• ADS experimental demonstrator scalable to an industrial demonstrator
• corner stone of the ERAER
• European Technology Pilot Plant for LFR technology
Reactor
Accelerator
• Subcritical or Critical modes
• 65 to 100 MWth
(600 MeV - 4 mA proton)
Spallation Source
Multipurpose
Flexible
Irradiation
Facility
Fast
Neutron
Source
Lead-Bismuth
coolant
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Applications Catalogue
Fuel research
Φtot = 0.5 to 1.1015 n/cm².s
F = 1 to 5.1014 n/cm².s
(ppm He/dpa ~ 10)
in medium-large volumes
Material research
FFast = 1 to 5.1014 n/cm².s
(En>1 MeV) in large volumes
Fission GEN IV
50 to 100 MWth
FFast = ~1015 n/cm².s
(En>0.75 MeV)
(transmutation)
Waste
Fth = 0.5 to 2.1015 n/cm².s
(En<0.4 eV)
Multipurpose
hYbrid
Research
Reactor for
High-tech
Applications
Radioisotopes
Fusion
High-power LINAC
600 MeV – 1 GeV
Long irradiation time
Fundamental
research
Silicon
doping
([email protected])
Fth = 0.1 to 1.1014 n/cm².s
(En<0.4 eV)
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Relative radiotoxicity
Motivation for Transmutation
transmutation
of spent fuel
spent fuel
reprocessing
no
reprocessing
Uranium
naturel
Time (years)
Duration Reduction
1.000x
Volume Reduction
100x
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
MYRRHA – Conceptual Design
Reactor
Accelerator
• Subcritical or Critical modes
• 65 to 100 MWth
(600 MeV - 4 mA proton)
Spallation Source
Multipurpose
Flexible
Irradiation
Facility
Fast
Neutron
Source
Lead-Bismuth
coolant
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
(1) MYRRHA - Reactor












Reactor Vessel
Reactor Cover
Core Support Structure



Core Barrel
Core Support Plate
Jacket



Core Plug
Multifunctional Channels
Core Restraint System

IVFS

IVFHM
Core
 Reflector Assemblies
 Dummy Assemblies
 Fuel Assemblies
Spallation Target Assembly and Beam Line
Above Core Structure
Control Rods, Safety Rods, Mo-99 production units
Primary Heat Exchangers
Primary Pumps
Si-doping Facility
Diaphragm
IVFHS
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
(1) Reactor Layout - Core
•
151 positions
•
Diameter: 1450 mm
•
keff≈0.95 (ADS mode)
•
30-35 % MOX fuel
•
37 multifunctional plugs
Total flux (hottest pin)
4.7E+15
n/cm2/s
Inlet temperature
270
°C
Fast flux above 0.75 MeV
(hottest pin)
1.01E+15
n/cm2/s
Coolant delta T
130
°C
Dpa(/350 EFPD's) (hottest pin)
45
Velocity (fuel rod)
1.9
m/sec
Ppm He/dpa (hottest
pin/target zone)
3.8/6.4
Temperature at cladding
surface
500
°C
Irradiation volume
(8 In-Pile Sections)
3700*8
Maximum linear power
370
W/cm
cm3
Spallation
target
IPS
Fuel
Assemblies
8
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
(2) MYRRHA - Spallation Target
Design requirements
 enough neutrons to feed the sub-critical core at keff ≈ 0.95
 heat evacuation (~ 65 % of the beam power, i.e. ≈ 2.1 MW)
 spatial constrains
 must reach an appropriate lifetime
LBE
 Window-target design
=> high neutron gain and
=>forced convective heat removal
 Windowless-target design
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
(3) MYRRHA - Proton Driver
Accelerator characteristics:
Fundamental parameters (ADS)
Particle
p
Beam energy
600 MeV
Beam current
4 mA
Mode
CW
MTBF
> 250 h
implementation
Superconducting linac
10
frequency
176/352/704 MHz
Reliability =
redundancy
Double injector
“fault tolerant”
scheme
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
(3) MYRRHA - Proton Driver
• implementation of reliability : 3 principles
•
1.
overrating
2.
reliability (availability)
3.
repairability
redundancy
parallel scheme
(double-injector)
serial scheme
(modular high en. sections)
principles to be applied to the basic linac layout, but also to much of
the ancillary equipment
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
(3) MYRRHA - Proton Driver
• implementation of reliability : 3 principles
•
1.
overrating
2.
reliability (availability)
3.
reparability
redundancy
parallel scheme
(double-injector)
serial scheme
(modular high en. sections)
principles
to be
applied
to the
linac layout, but
alsolinac
to much of
Principle
of fault
tolerance
in basic
the superconducting
spoke
the ancillary equipment
within < 3 sec
• Detection of an RF fault
• Change RF phase in neighboring cavities
• Increase RF field in neighboring cavities
Increase of 25% field level
-> 50% power margin required
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
(3) MYRRHA - Proton Driver
PA within
MAX (FP7):
Frankfurt University
IPN Orsay
INFN Milano
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
MYRRHA on the European Context
ESFRI
European
Strategic
Forum for
Research
Infrastructure
Knowledge
Economy
Energy
Independence
SET Plan
European
Strategic
Energy Plan
27.11.2010
15.11.2010
Confirmed on ESFRI
priority list projects
in ESNII
(SNETP goals)
December 2010
on NuPECC lrp
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Belgian Commitment: Secured
International Consortium: under Construction
2nd phase (11 y)
others 576 M€
Consortium
Belgium 60 M€
(12 M€/y x 5 y)
Belgium 324 M€
(36 M€/y x 9 y)
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
The Project Schedule
2010-2014
2015
Front End
Tendering &
Engineering
Procurement
Design
2016-2018
Construction of
components &
civil engineering
2019
On site
assembly
2020-2022
2023
2024Commissioning Progressive
Full
start-up
exploitation
Minimise
technological
risks
PDP
Secure
the licensing
Secure a sound
management and
investment
structure
preliminary
dismantling
plan
Central
Project
Team
PSAR
preliminary
safety
assesment
Owner
Consortium
Group
EIAR
environmental
impact
assesment
Owner
Engineering
Team
FEED
(Front End
Engineering
Design)
2010-2014
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
MYRRHA: an International Project
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
INVESTMENT PHASE
International Members Consortium – Phase 1
As of early 2012
Primary
«investors»
Belgian Federal Ministry
of Energy
(50%)
Belgian Federal Ministry
of Science Policy (50%)
Participation vehicle
(Consortium members)
Contribution to
investment
capital
(960 M€’09)
«ERIC» (*)
IPR
management
rules tbd
SCK•CEN
(on behalf of
Belgian
Federal
Government)
40 %
BE
Major European partners
EU country
Public
foundation
25-30 %
EU countries
A major Asian partner
Asian country
15 ~ 20%
Asian country
EU FP7 (RTD) / SET-Plan (Energy)
EU participation
2 -10 %
EU
ROW participation
0 -10 %
ROW
ROW
(*) European Research
Infrastructure Consortium
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
OPERATION PHASE
International Members Consortium - Phase 2
«ERIC» (*)
CLOSED/
SHARED
INFORMATION
for MoC
OPEN
INFORMATION
SHARED
INFORMATION
for participants
CLOSED
INFORMATION
for participants
Members of Consortium ~25%
- Individual research of a member of Consortium
- Collaborative research amongst members of
Consortium
- 3 years program commitment
Open User Facility
BENEFITS for Members of Consortium
• Board position to control overal operation
• Priority of access
• Potential benefit of low price (compensation
profit from commercial revenues)
• Capacity transfer flexibility (rules tbd)
~25%
- Governments funding
- Criteria of research excellence
- Independant program access committee (PAC)
~25%
Collaborative research
- Distribution of information to participants
Contract research…..
Commercial services
- RI
- NTD Silicon
~25%
SCK•CEN
as qualified and
licenced operator of
the MYRRHA
infrastructure under
contractual
arrangement with ERIC
(*) European Research
Infrastructure Consortium
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Joining the MYRRHA Project
 Belgium is welcoming international participation in the MYRRHA consortium
 Membership eligibility for the international MYRRHA consortium is based
on a balanced in-cash/in-kind contribution
 Until end 2014:
 Partners are invited to express their interest in a participation in the MYRRHA
programme by sending an Expression of Interest to SCK•CEN by end of August
2012.
 After having received this Expression of Interest, the candidate Partner will
confirm the contribution level of its commitment by sending a Commitment
Letter by end of December 2012.
 After having received the Commitment Letter, the candidate Partner and SCK•CEN
will enter immediately into negotiation on their co-operation aiming at the
signature of a Bilateral Agreement covering the Investment Phase and/or the
Operation Phase. This Bilateral Agreement should be signed and enter into force
before the mid 2013.
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Outlook
 MYRRHA
 Motivation
 Applications catalogue
 Technical design
 Project details
 GUINEVERE (FREYA)
 [email protected]
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
GUINEVERE – a Step Towards MYRRHA
(Generator of UnInterrupted NEutrons at the VEnus REactor)
 Zero-power fast-n-spectrum facility @ SCK•CEN (sub-critical & critical
mode)
 Collaborative work within EUROTRANS
90° bending magnet
D+ source
250 keV
acc.
D+, D2+, D3+
D+
Ti-T target
GENEPI-3C
•
•
•
pulsed
continuous
continuous with beam
interruptions
VENUS-F
fast subcritical reactor
with solid Pb coolant simulation
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
GUINEVERE: A Modular Fuel Element Design
8 cm
Top lead
reflector
(40 cm)
fuel (60 cm active height)
• rodlets: d = 1.27 cm, h = 20.32 cm
• metallic uranium (30 w% U-235)
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
GUINEVERE - Objectives of an ADS zero-power experiment
 Perform qualification of sub-criticality monitoring
 Validate the core power - beam current relationship
• For different subcriticality levels
• For different types of cores
provide input for MYRRHA
 Investigate start-up and shut-down procedures
 Validate instrumentation and perform dedicated experiments
 Interpret and validate experimental data
 Perform code validation activities and benchmarks
 Study safety and licensing issues of different component parts as well as
that of the integrated system as a whole
 Identify licensing aspects for a full-scale ADS
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Outlook
 MYRRHA
 Motivation
 Applications catalogue
 Technical design
 Project details
 GUINEVERE (FREYA)
 [email protected]
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
[email protected] Conceptual Design
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Beam-Splitting System (Concept)
ISOL
target
station
600 MeV
~ 100 - 200 mA
pulsed beam
(up to 250 Hz)
~ 60 m long
600 - (later
800 MeV
upgrade to 1 GeV p)
2 - 4 mA
CW
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
[email protected] Facility Characteristics
 based on proven technology (largely based on experience at ISOLDE and
TRIUMF)
 keep open the possibilities for higher intensity beams
 can deliver:
 pure RIB: selective ionization, chemistry, M/DM > 10.000




intense RIB (x100 compared to the present ISOLDE ‘standard’ RIB)
RIB of good ion optical quality
optimal experimental conditions/lay-out/support (green-field facility!)
extended beam times with stable operation
experiments
 need very high statistics;
 need many time-consuming systematic measurements;
 hunt for very rare events;
 have an inherent limited detection efficiency.
 complementary to ISOL and In-Flight facilities
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Applications ([email protected] Applications)
Masses
Nuclear
Physics
Condensed
Matter
Bohr-Weisskopf: A- and g-factors
Decay (log ft, Pxn/yp)
Ultra-high selectivity: LIST configuration
Rare decays: GTGR, b xn/yp, cluster decay, SHE
Extreme precision: e.g., crystal spectrometry
Reactions (s, B(E2), C2S)
Astrophysics
Fundamental
Interactions
QED tests in HCI
d<r2>, m, Q
Atomic
Physics
Prototyping
Ft values,
Correlations (b-n,…),
EDM
Mössbauer,
b-NMR, PAC,
EC-SLI
Correlations (b -n, ...), EDM: Statistics +
control systematic effects of setup
Systematic sample measurements
Chemistry
Biology
Medical
Applications
Typical Beam
Time/Experiment
SHE chemistry
Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu,
Zn b-NMR in
proteins
Systematic sample measurements
Radiopharmacy
Systematic production of Radiopharmaceuticals
(prototyping)
Radiotherapy (prototyping)
Dedicated radiotherapy center
Day
Week
Month
Year
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
[email protected] Project at SCK•CEN
 [email protected] - an integral part of the MYRRHA project
 Delivery of the proton beam by MYRRHA
but
 To be developed within a separate consortium
 Physics experiments (from the focal plane of the separator)
 To be set up and run by users
 Support by [email protected] physics group at SCK•CEN
 Conceptual design phase (2012-2014) followed by a basic design in
the FEED-phase (2015-2017)
Funded BriX project within IAP programme of BELSPO
also during phase 7 (2012-2017)
 R&D on target-ion-source systems and parallel operation with
MYRRHA
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
[email protected] Project Schedule
2012-2014
Conceptual Design
2015-2017
Front End Engineering Design
2018
Awarding construction contracts
2019-2021
Manufacturing of components & construction
2022
Assembly & Installation
2023-2024
Commissioning
2025 -
Exploitation
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Outlook
 MYRRHA
 Motivation
 Applications catalogue
 Technical design
 Project details
 GUINEVERE (FREYA)
 [email protected]
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
MYRRHA: EXPERIMENTAL ACCELERATOR DRIVEN SYSTEM
A pan-European, innovative and unique facility at Mol (BE)
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN
Copyright © 2012 - SCKCEN
PLEASE NOTE!
This presentation contains data, information and formats for dedicated use ONLY and may not be copied,
distributed or cited without the explicit permission of the SCK•CEN. If this has been obtained, please reference it
as a “personal communication. By courtesy of SCK•CEN”.
SCK•CEN
Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie
Centre d'Etude de l'Energie Nucléaire
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre
Stichting van Openbaar Nut
Fondation d'Utilité Publique
Foundation of Public Utility
Registered Office: Avenue Herrmann-Debrouxlaan 40 – BE-1160 BRUSSELS
Operational Office: Boeretang 200 – BE-2400 MOL
Copyright © 2012
SCK•CEN

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