The_CloudStack_Development_Story_and_Future_Vision

Report
The CloudStack development
story and future vision
Sheng Liang, CTO Cloud Platforms, Citrix Systems
August 29, 2012
AWS is setting the standard…
as measured by capacity…
Every day through 2011,
AWS added the same
amount of server
processing capacity, on
average, that it took to run
the Amazon online retailing
operation in 2000, when it
was a $2.76bn company.
Total Number of Objects
Stored in Amazon S3
762B
Peak Requests:
500,000+
per second
262B
2.9B
14B
40B
102B
Q4 2006 Q4 2007 Q4 2008 Q4 2009 Q4 2010 Q4 2011
Prickett-Morgan. “AWS Cloud Double Fluffs in 2011.” The
Register, 6 Jan 2012.
Source: UBS
…data center footprint and geographic
distribution…
…the company said that
with the opening of its AWS
data center in São Paulo,
Brazil in mid-December, the
company has doubled its
AWS data-center footprint.
Prickett-Morgan. “AWS Cloud Double Fluffs in 2011.” The
Register, 6 Jan 2012.
AWS Regions
Amazon Edge Locations (CloudFront & Route 53)
…and, most importantly, revenue…
$M
It has been estimated
that AWS could be a $1
billion business for the
online retailer come
next year…could hit
$2.5B in 2014.
Amazon Web Services Revenue Model
$1,400
All Other
$1,200
$1,000
$800
$600
$400
$200
$0
Hickey, Andrew. “Amazon Q3 Cloud Revenue
Skyrockets” CRN. 26 Oct 2011.
2006e 2007e 2008e 2009e 2010e 2011e
Source: UBS
How did Amazon build its Cloud?
Amazon eCommerce Platform
AWS API (EC2, S3, …)
Amazon Proprietary Orchestration Software
Open Source Xen Hypervisor
Networking
Servers
Storage
How can we build a cloud using CloudStack?
Amazon eCommerce
User Portal Platform
AWS API
(EC2,
Cloud
APIS3, …)
Amazon Proprietary
Apache Orchestration
CloudStack Software
VMware KVM
OVM
Hyper-V Bare-Metal
Open
Source
XenServer
Xen Hypervisor
Networking
Servers
Storage
“Cloud OS or
Data Center
OS”
The Virtual Datacenter OS allows businesses to efficiently
pool all types of hardware resources - servers, storage and
network – into an aggregated on-premise cloud
VMware press release Sept 15, 2008
Eucalyptus is the only cloud architecture to support the
same application programming interfaces (APIs) as public
clouds, and today Eucalyptus is fully compatible with the
Amazon AWS public cloud infrastructure.
Eucalyptus Systems Press Release April 2009
Nimbula
3Tera
Joyent
Zimory
Eucalyptus
VMware
OnApp
Enomaly
Cassatt
Abiquo
OpenNebula
Yunteq
Cloud.com June 2009
Prototype
2008
Sept 2008:
VMOps
Founded
1.0 GA
2.0
Refactor
2009
Nov 2009:
CloudStack
1.0 GA
AWS
Compatibility
2010
May 2010:
Cloud.com
Launch &
CloudStack
2.0 GA
2.2
Refactor
3.0 Quality
Improvements
2011
July 2011:
Citrix
Acquires
Cloud.com
4.X
Refactor
2012
April 2012:
Apache
CloudStack
Prototype
2008
1.0 GA
2009
2.0
Refactor
AWS
Compatibility
2010
2.2
Refactor
3.0 Quality
Improvements
2011
• Initial target: hosting companies like Rackspace and Savvis
• 3 engineers built a fully functional prototype in 5 months
• Use the demo to sell to early customers (ReliaCloud, CloudCentral,
1800hosting.com, Go Daddy, etc.)
4.X
Refactor
2012
Prototype
2008
1.0 GA
2009
2.0
Refactor
AWS
Compatibility
2010
2.2
Refactor
3.0 Quality
Improvements
2011
• Took 6 more months to make 1.0 software production ready
• Deployed on 5 production customers
4.X
Refactor
2012
Prototype
2008
1.0 GA
2.0
Refactor
2009
AWS
Compatibility
2010
2.2
Refactor
3.0 Quality
Improvements
2011
• Product first, architecture second
• From web hosting to enterprise workload
• Multi-hypervisor, SAN, and VLAN support
• Learn needs of enterprise workload from: Tata Communications, Korea
Telecom, Macquarie Telecom
• Competition: vCloud Express
4.X
Refactor
2012
Prototype
2008
1.0 GA
2.0
Refactor
2009
AWS
Compatibility
2010
2.2
Refactor
2011
• Private cloud demand picked up
• Zynga wanted private cloud
• Support Amazon-style flat networking and security groups
• Competition: Eucalyptus
3.0 Quality
Improvements
4.X
Refactor
2012
Prototype
2008
1.0 GA
2.0
Refactor
2009
AWS
Compatibility
2010
2.2
Refactor
3.0 Quality
Improvements
2011
4.X
Refactor
2012
• Second major refactoring of CloudStack code
• Network-as-a-service combing both Amazon and traditional style networking
• More flexible orchestration engine
Prototype
2008
1.0 GA
2009
2.0
Refactor
AWS
Compatibility
2010
• Citrix acquisition
• Rapid growth of CloudStack user base
• Quality is more important than new features
2.2
Refactor
3.0 Quality
Improvements
2011
4.X
Refactor
2012
Prototype
2008
1.0 GA
2.0
Refactor
2009
AWS
Compatibility
2010
2.2
Refactor
3.0 Quality
Improvements
2011
• Third major refactoring of CloudStack code
• Apache contribution drive rapid growth of CloudStack developer base
• Apache license compliance
• Services framework
• Hadoop integration
4.X
Refactor
2012
+
• Optimize Hadoop on cloud infrastructure
• Use HDFS as object store
How is cloud different from legacy
infrastructure?
How to handle failures
8%
Annual Failure Rate of servers
Kashi Venkatesh Vishwanath and
Nachiappan Nagappan, Characterizing
Cloud Computing Hardware Reliability,
SoCC’10
#CitrixSynergy
23
• Server failure comes from:
ᵒ
ᵒ
ᵒ
ᵒ
70% - hard disk
6% - RAID controller
5% - memory
18% - other factors
• Application can still fail for
other reasons:
ᵒ Network failure
ᵒ Software bugs
ᵒ Human admin error
Internet
Core Routers
…
Access Routers
Aggregation Switches
Load Balancers
…
Top of Rack Switches
Servers
40%
Effectiveness of network
redundancy in reducing failures
Phillipa Gill, Navendu Jain & Nachiappan
Nagappan, Understanding Network Failures
in Data Centers: Measurement, Analysis
and Implications, SIGCOMM 2011
#CitrixSynergy
25
• Bugs in failover
mechanism
• Incorrect configuration
• Protocol issues such
as TCP back-off,
timeouts, and spanning
tree reconfiguration
Cloud workloads
Traditional-Style
Reliable hardware, backup entire
cloud, and restore for users when
failure happens
Amazon-Style
Tell users to expect failure.
Users to build apps that can
withstand infrastructure failure
Link Aggregation
VM Backup/Snapshots
Storage Multi-pathing
Ephemeral Resources
VM HA, Fault Tolerance
Chaos Monkey
VM Live Migration
Multi-site Redundancy
Designing a zone for a traditional workload
Traditional-Style Availability Zone
Hypervisor
vSphere or XenServer Enterprise
vCenter/XenCenter
Storage
Enterprise Networking (e.g., VLAN)
SAN
Networking
Hypervisor
Cluster
Hypervisor
Cluster
Hypervisor
Cluster
L2 VLANs
Network Services
Enterprise Storage (e.g., SAN)
Load Balancing
VPN
Multi-tier Apps
Multi-tier VLANs
OVF
Designing a zone for an Amazon-style workload
Amazon-Style Availability Zone
Software Defined Networks
(e.g., Security Groups, EIP, ELB,...)
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
Hypervisor
XenServer Advanced
Storage
Local
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
Server
Racks
SDN based L2
Elastic IP
Network Services
Security Groups
Elastic Block Storage
Object store
Networking
L3
Server
Racks
EBS
ELB
Multi-tier Apps
3rd Party Tools (e.g.,
RightScale, enStratus)
CloudFormation
GSLB
CloudStack can Support Both Styles
Apache CloudStack
AWS-style
Availability
Zone
AWS-style
Availability
Zone
AWS-style
Availability
Zone
Traditional
Style
Availability
Zone
Traditional
Style
Availability
Zone
CloudStack Future
146 Companies
238 Developers
Service Providers
Global User Groups
100’s of Production Clouds
32,000 Community Members
Enterprises
Universities
Apache CloudStack community projects
• SDN
ᵒ
ᵒ
ᵒ
ᵒ
Nicira
Midokura
Big Switch Networks
Stratosphere
• Backup/DR
ᵒ Sungard
• Networking
ᵒ Cisco (VXLAN, Nexus)
ᵒ Brocade (ADX)
• Smart Storage
ᵒ
ᵒ
ᵒ
ᵒ
ᵒ
Hadoop + S3 API for object store
NetApp (FlexPod, object store)
Basho RIAK CS
Caringo object store
Cloudian S3
• PaaS
ᵒ CloudFoundry implementation through
IronFoundry and Stackato teams
ᵒ Engine Yard
ᵒ Cumulogic
ᵒ GigaSpaces
“The Apache Way”
•
•
•
•
•
•
Collaborative software development
Commercial-friendly standard license
Consistently high quality software
Respectful, honest, technical-based interaction
Faithful implementation of standards
Security as a mandatory feature
Innovative Cloud Applications and Services
…
Networking
Servers
Innovative Cloud Infrastructure
Storage
More information:
http://cloudstack.org
http://cloudstack.jp

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