Board Presentation.Feb11

Report
Africa Adaptation Programme
Board Meeting
New York
10th February, 2011
Ian Rector – Programme Manager
Jose Levy – Knowledge Management Expert
Keith Cundale – Institutional Capacity Development
and Leadership Expert
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
•Reinforcing the objectives and purpose of AAP
•Focusing on some of the broader national
achievements and challenges
•Focusing on IRTSC initiatives and challenges
•Outlining IRTSC strategic emphasis for 2011
•December 2011??
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
Modalities
• Country Projects: NEX Modality includes
contributions to UNIDO, UNICEF and WFP in
4 countries ($73.37m)
• IRTSC: UNOPS implementation ($8.96m)
• PPIS: UNDP implementation ($4.11m)
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
Objectives
• Enhancing the adaptive capacity of vulnerable
countries to climate change and disaster risks
• Promoting early adaptation through evidence-based
solutions and initiatives for action
• Laying the foundation for long-term investment to
increase resilience to climate change across the
African continent
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
NOT AN ADAPTATION PROJECT
STRATEGIC FOCUS FOUNDATIONS FOR LONG
TERM BENEFITS
AN OPPORTUNITY TO EMBRACE CHANGE
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
• Government of Japan funding
• Projects running in 20 countries
• $92m over three years 2009-11
Burkina Faso
Cameroon
Congo
Ethiopia
Gabon
Ghana
Kenya
Lesotho
Malawi
Mauritius
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sao Tome
Senegal
Tanzania
Tunisia
Regional team in Dakar, Senegal
Satellite office opening soon in Nairobi
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
Outcomes
Country Projects have been designed to
achieve ….
–
Strengthening long term planning to
enable countries to manage both
existing and future risks associated
with climate change and other
causes
–
Building effective leadership and
institutional frameworks for
enhanced coordination and
cohesion of programmes
–
Supporting the piloting of adaptation
initiatives in the field
–
Identifying a range of financing
options for sustained adaptation
–
Building knowledge management
systems and promoting information
sharing.
Planned activities to ensure that inter- regional
expertise and capacity development is
provided to 20 countries including.....

Advice and assistance relating to
enhanced Government policy-making and
planning in this field

Support for leadership development and
institutional reform as well as enabling
individual development

Encouraging exposure to world best
practice and data

Support in finding innovative funding
options

Creation of region-wide databases and
learning opportunities
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
Progress 2009
2009
Nation Project
Design
17 Prodocs completed
9 Prodocs approved
14 DoA’s issued
Recruitment IRTSC
IRTSC Office
PM – September
Office Accommodation
October
National Staff October –
December
Selection finalised for
Knowledge Management
Expert September
Furniture , fittings and
equipment
November 09- March 10
Recruitment for final
experts initiated October
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
National Progress - 2010
Inception Planning
Final 3 Prodocs completed
Early Implementation
Final 11 Prodocs approved
Progressive - dependent upon IW
Final 6 DoA’s issued
All countries now into full
implementation to varying
degrees – refer to status sheets
Twenty IW’s completed:
First IW Burkina Faso January
Final IW Nigeria – October
Keith and Jose to provide verbal
highlights
Majority IW March – July
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Baseline: Country Project Situation
as at end 2010
Project Management
M&E
Yes
No
NPD
18
2
PSC
17
3
PMU
16
4
Office space
19
1
ERBM
9
11
IW
20
WP updated
16
4
QM Fwc updated
3
17
M&E Fwc
12
8
ATLAS PM
5
15
Compliancy with ATLAS requ.
2
18
Compliancy with reporting req.`
5
15
Project Review
2
18
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
Disbursement National Projects
9%
Disbursement
Unspent
91%
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Disbursement by Country
700,000
600,000
500,000
400,000
300,000
200,000
100,000
0
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Perception of progress made so far
Good
Average
Poor
Burkina
Cameroon
Congo
Ghana
Gabon
Ethiopia
Kenya
Lesotho
Malawi
Namibia
Mozambique
Morocco
Mauritius
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sao Tome
Tunisia
Tanzania
Senegal
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
v3 08 December 2010
Observed Implementation
Challenges
• Project fatigue – Too many ad hoc and uncoordinated
climate change projects which countries are finding difficult to manage.
• Ambitious project designs for their timeframes
• Capacity and resource limitations – many countries lack the basic skills,
competencies and technology to manage and implement CC projects
• Inconsistent knowledge and understanding of the fundamental aspects of CCA
and DRR and their relationships which has impacted on project design,
inception planning processes and the pace of implementation
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
Observations
• Significant delays in relevant countries owing to not
having pre determined financial management and
reporting agreements governing the interventions of
UNIDO, WFP and UNICEF
• Limited ability of UNDP national staff in some countries
to influence government strategic thinking and action on
AAP issues.
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
Inter-regional Technical Support
Component incorporating PPIS
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
IRTSC Staffing Status
Programme Manager
Recruited
September 09
Knowledge Management
Expert
Recruited
January 10
Institutional Capacity
Development and
Leadership Experts (2)
Recruited
Functions undertaken
through consultants until
December 2010
Data Analyst
Recruited
September 10
Programme Associates (3)
Recruited
October 09
Project Coordinator (media Recruited
Project)
Commences February 11
UNV’s (2)
Commenced January 11
Recruited
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
?
Climate Change
Climate Change
Factors
Temp Variation
R/Fall Variation
Sea Level rise
Monitoring
Loop
Impact Analysis
Development
Social and Gender Inclusion
Mainstreaming
Framework
Economic and
Social Systems
Eco Systems
Critical
infrastructure
Natural Hazards
Livelihoods
other
Sector wide planning and development
Economic and Development Planning
Disaster Management/DRR
Risk Database
PRSP
NAPA
Early warning systems
Preparedness Planning
Awareness
Relief and Recovery Management
Cross cutting Inputs
(examples):
Knowledge Management
Information Management
Capacity Development
Advocacy and awarenessraising
Policy and Planning
Poverty Reduction and
MDG Goals
Lessons learned feedback loop
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
Adaptation Versus Development
• This slide demonstrates that in some cases the gap between existing coping
capacity and existing/future risk may be so great that only long term development
strategies may have an impact on reducing risk and vulnerability. Conversely,
repeated disasters can erode coping capacity and extend the gap.
CC Future Risk Predictions
Predicted Adaptation Gap
Existing Risk Levels
Existing Adaptation Gap
Existing adaptive/coping
capacity
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
CCA: The Basic Foundations
2
Technical capability to establish sector
based impact scenarios
3
Institutional and technical capability to
undertake cross sector impact analysis
4
5
6
Global and
Regional CC
scenarios
Ability to create a
national CC
impact statement
Capability to create and maintain sectorwise early detection systems and prediction
models
Capability to develop and implement
comprehensive community risk assessment
actions incorporating CC impact analysis,
prediction models, social and gender
considerations
Capability to document CRA outputs
(RRAPs) for integration within formal policy
and planning frameworks – all levels
Poverty Reduction Goals
1
Capacity to utilize impact
analysis and RRAP to inform
the review and or
strengthening of:
National Policy
Institutional frameworks and
capacity development
7
NAPA/SNAP/Other
Sector wise policy and workplans
Response Management
including Early Warning
Systems
Community Adaptation and
DRR
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
IRTSC Service Delivery Model
Capacity
Development Group
Gender Team
Knowledge
Management Team
Policy and Planning
Team
Poverty Group
South - South
Cooperation
Communications
Governance Team
Level 5
Support from Regional
and International
Resource Centres
Level 4
Collaboration with
relevant organisations
and similar projects
Level 3
Advisors
IRTSC
Level 2
UNDP HQ and
Regional Practice
Teams
Level 1
In-Country
UNV and
Consultants
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Africa Adaptation Programme
IRTSC National Support Strategies – 2010
• 2 Sub regional preparatory workshops
• Supporting Inception Workshops and Early
Implementation in 19/20 countries
• Sustained in-country assistance Rwanda, Kenya.
Ethiopia and Malawi
• UNV’s offered – 2 countries finalised; 7 being
processed
• Regional Peer Evaluation and Planning Meeting –
over 100 participants
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Information Management
2010
Passive:
• Helpdesk
• Website remodelling
Pro-active
• M&E and reporting framework
• Roving troubleshooters and mentors
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
IRTSC Level
Programme Level
Baseline: Summarizing Table Monitoring/Reporting
Requirements
Progress
measured
Against
Programme
Objectives
Against
Programme
Outcomes
Against IRTSC
Outputs
Activity level
National Level
Against Outputs
Activity level
Measured by
Report
Responsible
Other
Indicators of
Programme
Objectives
Indicators of
Programme
Outcomes
Indicators as per
IRTSC RM
Frameworks
(Outputs level)
Indicators as per
Result
Management
Frameworks
APR
UNDP EEG/IRTSC
For discussions
during Board
Meeting
IRTSC
For discussions
during Board
Meeting
QPR /APR
Monthly ATLAS Reports
Q/APR
Q/APR, Annual Review, Project Teams/UNDP COs For discussions
Monthly ATLAS Reports
with Project
PM Component of ATLAS
Board/PSC. Inputs
(Issue Log/Risk log/
to programme
Lesson-learned
reporting
log/Monitoring Schedule
Plan activated & updated
in ATLAS)
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Information Management - Helpdesk
• Implementation of IRTSC Helpdesk
[email protected]
Helpdesk Requests by Country
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Cross Practice Strategy
• Draws on expertise and resources of UNDP
Practice Teams/groups to sustain and expedite
assistance to countries
• Integrated within IRTSC workplan and
priorities
• Focus initially on AAP with transition to
supporting broader UNDP service delivery
• Niger pilot undertaken February 2011
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Visibility and Outreach
• Monthly updates
• Side events and plenary presentations
• Representation and distribution of awareness
material UNFCCC, TICAD and ADF Forums
• Communications Strategy developed
• Launch of AAP/SSC Media Awareness Project
• AfDB and EAC – consultations ongoing
• Formal briefings for GoJ and JICA
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Challenges now and in the future
• Building IRTSC staffing and office capacity - one year had
already lapsed before operational
• Establishing technical network – difficult to identify persons
with right skill sets
• Selling AAP as a strategic initiative – countries locked into a
project culture – time for the pause button?
• Breaking down the “no cost extension” mindset and focusing
on now
• Building new capacities – progressive and long term
• Mainstreaming AAP within broader UNDP systems as a
programme legacy – where, when and how?
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Strategic Focus 2011
Stream I: Direct Assistance to National
Projects
• Robust and flexible systems and structures to
ensure the IRTSC can provide immediate response
to specified country needs.
• Maintaining passive and proactive means of
identifying country needs
• Building knowledge, understanding and capacity to
enhance implementation and long term actions
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Strategic Focus 2011
Stream II: Strategic and Business Enhancement
• Leadership Transformation targeting leaders of
society including UNDP CO
• Integrated service delivery – breaking down project
fatigue
• Organisational effectiveness – recognising
inefficiencies where they exist and being prepared
to move from business as usual to overcome them
• Transitioning the Cross Practice initiative for greater
UNDP impact
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Assumptions
• National projects now in full implementation and the
momentum will continue to build
• UNDP CO’s and implementing partners are now fully
aware of IRTSC resources and will access them
• The IRTSC will create the systems and processes to
enable them to respond to country needs – quickly
• UNDP CO’s and implementing partner agencies see
the value adding opportunities associated with
Stream II initiatives and will take advantage of them
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
December 2011 ?
The Variables:
• Accuracy of assumptions
• Ability to manage external factors
• Impact of specific country issues – elections, rebellions etc
Outlook:
• National projects are expected to vary in progress from 40-70%
• All 20 countries will have received basic Stream I assistance
• 8-10 countries will have received advanced Stream I and some stream II
assistance
• 4-6 countries will have received intensive stream II assistance.
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Board Considerations
• Programme Extension – concern that many
countries are pushing funds to community
activities to increase expenditure.
• Engagement of UNDP CO’s in Stream II: Critical
if strategic reforms are to be met.
• Transfer of remaining country funds to IRTSC –
to enable the component to meet significant
range of country needs
Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa

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