Al/Al203 Deposition

Report
Mechanical Properties of Aluminum & Alumina by Cold Spray Process
Program Information
National Science Foundation’s
Research Experience for Undergraduates
Summer 2011 Grant #0852057
BACKGROUND
Authors
Faculty Advisors:
Ashleigh Giffen,
Myriah Santistevan
Dr. Michael West – REU Site Director
Dr. Bharat Jasthi – AMP Research Assistant
Dr. Alfred Boysen – Technical Communications
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Materials
Cold Spray Deposition
1) Evaluated 50/50 weight (Figure 2) &
Al/Al203 Cold Spray Deposits courtesy of Erik Klinckman, and
• Discovered in mid-1980’s
10%Al/90%Al203 (Figure 3). Weight not equal to
teammates Nathan Salden, and Owen Britton
• Been used to repair or reinforce metals
density. 50/50 is easily sprayed, 10/90 would
Cast Iron Dog-Bone Mold
• Little known about mechanical properties of
deposition itself
Equipment
Al/Al203 Deposition
Cold Spray Equipment
be stronger but not efficient deposit.
2) Design of dog bone 1 (Figure 4) unsuccessful.
When attempting to remove the dog bone,
Vickers Microhardness Machine
• Research on thermal expansion of deposits by
deposit crumbled. (Figure 9)
Scanning Electron Microscope
Erik Klinckman and team
3) The authors have obtained new mold (Figure 5).
Optical Microscope
• Analysis of mechanical properties of the
deposits has not been researched.
RESULTS
Deposit is yet to be sprayed.
Procedures
4) Performed microhardness testing (Figure 6) on
1) The authors collaborated with Erik Klinckman to evaluate the
PURPOSE
solid sample (Figure 7) and on a cracked sample
microstructure of Al/Al203 mixture with various weight ratios.
(Figure 8)
2) The authors provided Erik Klinckman with a dog bone mold made
• Understand the microstructure and hardness
by Matthew Carriker. The purpose of this dog bone was to make a
deposit and evaluate the tensile properties of a Al/Al203 deposition.
• Understand the Mechanical Properties of
Al/Al203 Cold Spray deposit
• Learn what treatments will effectively
strengthen these properties and why
• In doing this we will be able to better explain
the importance of Cold Spray in the
commercial world
3) Due to the results of #2, the authors redesigned the dog bone.
Refer to “Results #3”.
4) Deposition of Al/Al203 onto stainless steal foil substrate.
Removed deposit from the substrate using CPT. Deposit cut into 4
pieces, mounted and studied. Refer to “Results #4”.
Al
65.0
Vickers Hardness
of Al/Al203
Al/Al2O3 Mixture
70.0
60.0
55.0
50.0
45.0
40.0
35.0
Series 1
Series 2
1
51.4
62.8
2
51.4
55.0
3
47.1
57.5
4
47.5
54.7
5
46.7
61.3
6
60.4
38.4
7
66.5
59.8
8
61.0
66.8
9
63.9
64.9
10
11
42.0
52.8
Figure 6 Vicker’s Hardness Test
Al2O3
Figure 1
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
FUTURE RESEARCH
Figure 2 50/50 Al /Al203
Figure 3 90% Al203/10% Al
Figure 4 Dog Bone 1
Figure 5 Dog Bone 2
1) Acquire successful dog bone deposit to
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
http://www.ktech.com/Advanced_Manufacturing/Design_Build/Cold_Spray_System.html
The authors would like to thank Dr. Michael West, Dr. Bharat Jasthi and Dr.
Christian Widener (AMP Center Director) for their guidance throughout the
project. We would like to thank Dr. Alfred Boysen for helping us to prepare
our poster and paper. A special thanks goes to NSF for supporting us and
our research.
perform tensile testing
2) Anneal deposit to observe effects on
mechanical properties
3) Friction Stir process deposit and observe
effects on mechanical properties

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