File - i Learn Islamic Teachings

Someone said: (Point to ponder)
Why are people so negative and want to fight
these days? We should be looking for
solutions and ways to help each other be
successful. I'm quiet disappointed in the aqlaq
of people (including myself). The good
behavior and feeling of community and
acceptance is what even further pushed me to
accept Islam, but these days it's gone. I'm quiet
sadden. Inshallah I pray Allah swt helps to lift
our burdens which have caused us duress and
help us all become better human beings. —
feeling sad
Soul : Brief discussion
Powers of the Soul
Diseases Of Soul
Today’s Disease : Jealousy
All interchangeable terms(ref: Tafseer
Namoona,Tafseer Mozoee’)
Independent of Body
BODY: Bodily sickness, health/well being
SOUL: Evil Habits and Submission to lusts,
Moral and Ethical virtues
Moral virtues in man gain him eternal happiness
Moral corruption leads him to everlasting
It is therefore necessary for man to purge and
purify himself of all evil traits of character
adorn his soul with all forms of ethical and
moral virtues
Without having cleansed oneself of all evil
habits, it would be impossible to nourish and
develop moral virtues in oneself.
At the time of its creation, the soul of man is
like a clean tablet. As one progresses through
life, he develops faculties which are directly
related to the way he lives, thinks, and acts.
The speech, thoughts and deeds of man, when
repeated over a long period of time, produce a
lasting effect in the soul which is known as a
This faculty penetrates the soul and becomes
the origin and cause of man's actions. In other
words, the human soul becomes used to these
faculties, establishes a union with it, and
determines the human being's direction in
accordance with their dictates.
If these faculties (malakat) are noble, they
manifest themselves as moral and wise speech
and behaviour in man.
If, on the contrary, they are evil and ignoble,
they are manifested through immoral and
perverse behaviour
These very faculties play the
decisive role in determining the fate
of the individual in the eternal
world of the Hereafter.
The soul shall be accompanied
there by the same faculties that it
was associated and united with in
this world.
If these faculties are virtuous, the
soul shall have eternal bliss,
If they were wicked ones, it shall
face eternal damnation
The most important faculties of the soul are:
The power of intelligence (al-quwwah alaqliyyah)-angelic.
2. The power of anger (al-quwwah al-ghadabiyyah)ferocious.
3. The power of desire (al-quwwah al-shahwiyyah)animalistic.
4. The power of imagination (al-quwwah alwahmiyyah)-demoniac
In a hadith from Imam Ali (A), he is related as
)) ‫ وخص الحيوانات‬,‫ان هللا خص الملك بالعقل دون الشهوة والغضب‬
‫ فان انقادت شهوته وغضبه‬، ‫بهما دونه وشرّف االنسان باعطاء الجميع‬
‫لعقله صار افضل من المالئكة لوصوله الى هذه المرتبة مع وجود المنازع‬
))‫والمالئكة ليس لهم مزاحم‬
Surely God has characterized the angels by
intellect without desire and anger, and the animals
with anger and desire without reason. He exalted
man by bestowing upon him all of these qualities.
Accordingly, if man's reason dominates his desire
and ferocity, he rises to a station above that of the
angels; because this station is attained by man in
spite of the existence of hurdles which do not vex
the angels
The Diseases of the Soul can be of following
 1. Diseases of the Power of Intellect and their
 2. Diseases of the Power of Anger and their
 3. Diseases of the Power of Passion and their
 4. Diseases relating to combinations of any two of
these powers, or all three.
 Before we begin our discussion of the diseases in
these four categories, it must be stated that every
one of these powers can exist in either of the three
different states of moderation, deficiency,
or excess.
Diagnosis: Finding our exactly what you
are Suffering from
Happy/no worry If we see Allah is being disobeyed
No regular Khums,haven’t computed total of life
In case of a fight,donot intefere,think why bother
More religious in public
Want people to know I am becoming more religious
Don’t like to talk about death/Akhira
Hesitant greeting younger people/poorer people
Rarely attend jamaat,if yes try to leave mosque asap
Not always but only sometime listen to music
Waiting for Ramazan month to end soon
Not attending Ethic class more than twice yearly
Know that tableegh is responsibility but still never thought about it
See sins but don’t do Bil Maroof or Nahi munkir mostly
Enjoy doing/listening to backbiting
Annoyed when someone highlight our mistake
Bad feelings/hatred towards relatives
Didn’t take any steps for religious education of our family
1 or 2 lies everyday
2-3 backbiting,making fun everyday
Use other peoples’ things without permission
Seldom read religious books specially relevant to ethics
Not helping Mo’min inspite of capability
Stop talking to Mo.min on some worldly affair
Inquisitive about others’ affairs
Call people by offensive names and enjoy
If we hurt someone, we don’t care/ think about it
Donot cooperate with organizations doing Tableegh
If someone hurts us, we donot forgive easily
Tell secrets of Mo’min to others ..we do make sure that they will not tell
Fight with relatives and friends on trivial things
Swear frequently and falsely
Enjoy going to mall without reason
Enjoy Thinking about sins
Sin thinking that Allah is Forgiving
Complain to Allah if dua is not accepted or some trouble comes up
Meet rich people with hospitality and warmth but poor or normal people with sternness or regularly
Expect comparative better attitude towards self of others
Find ways to be famous
Lazy about Wajibs but enthusiastic about Mustahibs
Donot pay attention if someone tries to guide us, teach us
Donot meet with people of lower social/economic status than us
Feel overburdened and stressed about following wajibs and haram
More courteous behavior to outsiders then people of household
If someone doesn’t give us due respect then we become upset
Contented about lack of knowledge regarding wajibaat and donot try to increase knowledge
Pessimistic thoughts about Scholars
Enjoy company of world loving ,sinning friends
Avoid saying sorry despite being responsible for mishap/loss
If someone surpasses our rights or misbehaves,argue, eager to take revenge
Spend free time in wasteful activities
Consider ourself free of Azaab depending on promise of Shifaa’t by Imams
Striving for better and better worldly position/status
Happy seeing our enemy in trouble
Not Use our blessings and talents in the way of Allah swt instead sometimes use them for Gunaah
Stop others from certain sisn…but Do yourself
Meet Na Mahrams frequently, freely
Donot do Taqleed, even if do taqleed, donot take pains to find ahkaam
Feel proud of our beauty, education,status, family,riches, children etc
Trying to show our worship and prayers/talk abou them with others
Break relations with some relatives completely
Feel jealous looking at other people’s status
Feel others’ sins are Cancer and our own only flu
Donot help poor relatives
Watch dramas /movies sometime
Get sarcastic with mo’mina
Never use mind,talent,money for tableegh work
Read morally inappropriate material/novels/books/magazines
Take care of worldly affairs right then but leave things f Akhira for later
Not made any program for repentance of sins
Donot bother about halal/haram earnings
Donot enjoy /feel like doing Quran recitation
Fajar Qaza usually
Postponing Hajj even though waajib
If we don’t like something, misbehave even with parents
Shave Beard(Men)
If donot keep promise, no bad feeling/not feeling guilt
Didn’t take time out to cure disease of soul
Always looking for worldly luxuries
Difficult to control tongue when angry
Like to go out without hijab and with Zeenat
Always looking for personal benefit even if other is harmed
Praying ill for Momin if they wrong us
If very angry even use abusive language
Not being careful about making our prayers/worship perfect acc to Shariah
Not keen to learn about death,barzakh,meezaan,siraat,jaanat,jahannum
Donot value others opinions/knowledge against our own and keep complaining about their
lack of knowledge
Forget about loan(things or money) or are careless about it
Rely on the word of mouth regarding everyday Masa’il rather then finding out Fatwa of
Did not take any action to protect yourself/family from
cable,dishnetwork etc
If someone keeps things with us, we are not careful about
using or not using
More concerned about people’s anger than Allah’s anger
Donot worry about spiritual illness as compared to bodily
illness…not even a percent!
Just talking about coming of Imam and being in his army
but not doing anything
Not hopeful because of too much negligence in the past
While doing worldly or religious thing, always thinking
what people will say/think about it
Point at the mistake/condemn/despise Mo’min/Mo’mina
in public for hi/her mistake
Mostly pessimistic about Mo’min and mO’mina
More concerned about bringing change in others than our
own self
Attend parties where Islamic values are not taken care
of…even though it happens only sometimes
1-24 :Easy to control, Get on it before its
too late!
25-50 : Diseases are penetrating
yourself,Immediate action needed
51-75: Danger Zone.Immediate Action.
75 and above: Seiously grave
situation,make immediate plans, otherwise
doomed to disaster.
Hasad or malicious envy is a
psychological state in which a person
wishes for the deprivation of a
blessing, talent, or merit possessed by
another person (the mahsud).
The scholar al-`Allamah al-Majlisi has mentioned some causes
and motives of hasad::
Enmity: Hasad can be the result of enmity. For example,
enmity against another family, tribe or group can cause one to
envy successes they achieve.
The sense of one's supremacy: The hasid (one who envies)
anticipates the pride of the mahsud on account of a
merit mahsud enjoys. Not having the patience to put up with
this pride, the hasid feels a sense of superiority and earnestly
desires the loss of this merit.
Kibr(pride) and Wonder: The hasid high-handedly treats the
person who is conferred some merit, favour, or talent, and
may wonder to see a great blessing enjoyed by the object of
his envy. For example, a wealthy individual outwardly looks
with disdain upon the respect enjoyed by apoor person
believing that he deserves to be the recipient of such
Fear and Love of authority: Also, the envious man is
fearful of some hindrance on the part of the person
enjoying an advantage or talent or merit that may
frustrate his cherished objectives. Such fear manifests
itself when one's acquiring or preserving authority over
others requires that nobody should share his advantages
or merits. For example, one who wishes to be re-elected
as the leader of an organization may desire that no other
member step forward and exhibit leadership skills such
as eloquence of speech and efficiency of organization and
Viciousness of nature: A human being of vicious nature
does not like to see others enjoying any kind of good
whatsoever. Such a person always greets news of
another.s good fortune for example, in education or
business, with sarcasm, pessimism, and ridicule or with
other unethical tactics or conduct.
Some Other Causes:
Professional Jealousy: Two persons of same
profession.e.g two same buisnesses in same area,
two scholars
Sharing Love: two wives, mother in law and
daughter in law
Two persons sharing many things but one
achieves more in life.e.g siblings,Habeel/Qabeel
Or do they envy
people for what
Allah has given
them of
His bounty?
The Prophet Muhammad (s) said: Beware! Do not bear
enmity with the blessings of Allah. When asked about the
people who bear enmity with the blessings of Allah, he (s)
replied: Those who are envious. (Al-Mu`tazali,Sharh Nahj
al-Balagha, vol.1, p. 3
Imam Ali (a) said: Envy is a great trap of Satan. (AlAmadi, Gharar al-Hakam wa darar al-Kalam, hadith no. 1133
Imam Ali (a) said: A hasid is a sick person though he (may)
physically appear to be healthy. (Gharar, hadith no. 1963)
Muhammad ibn Muslim reports that al-Imam al-Baqir (a)
said: A man may be forgiven for something done in a fit of
anger, but hasad devours faith as fire consumes wood. (AlKulayni, Usul al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 306, Bab al-Hasad, hadith no.
Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq (a) is reported to have said: Satan says
to his soldiers: Instil hasad and disobedience of Allah
among them (bani Adam) as these are equal
to shirk (polytheism) in the eyes of Allah.(Al-Kulayni, Usul
al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 327, Bab al-Baghy, hadith no. 2)
HASAD: After seeing blessings upon a
person,having desire for these blessings to be
taken away
RASHK/GHIBTA: Ater seeing blessings upon
a person, having desire of same blessings with
no negative thoughts
Imam Ali as said” The worst punishment of a Haasid
person is that he remains gloomy while his Mehsood
enjoys blessings”!!
Always a loser: Just his wishing that other person be
deprived doesn’t work!!
Health problems: Indigestion, depression, increased
infections, other health issues, Stress
Decreased Life Span
Always alone: Doesn't become friends with people as
he doesn't appreciate things about anyone. Even family
desert such a person
Lack of Eemaan: As he is not happy with Allah’s
Deprived of good deeds
Deprived of sincere and mindful worship of Allah swt
Other vices: Gheebat, Tohmat (slander),abuse,
anger,opression, breaking ties with family, many other
It’s a greater sin to keep it in the heart
 Its worse when it manifests in actions
 If thought of jealousy comes and we ignore it
and donot give it place in our hearts then it is
Except Prophets no one is saved for Hasad!,The
Feeling sad when someone gets a favor/blessing
Doing backbiting, slandering
Ill treating someone, unjust attitude
Flattering someone on the face which you don’t
really mean
Praying/feeling that someone gets deprived of
Feeling happy when someone is in trouble
Constantly staying grieve struck by someone's
Keeping the above thoughts in your mind always
Being curious about happenings in someone’s life
If you feel/someone tells you the aforementioned
signs and symptoms, Pay attention to it
Self admiration may stop you from accepting that
you have it, BE CAUTIONED
Use your faculty of reasoning to analyze whats
Might take advice from a trustworthy/pious
person who you are sure will not judge you
Belief in Tawheed specially in this case Tawheed e
Fai’lee. Belief that whatever it is, it is from Allah
swt. At this point too Shaitan will whisper…why
Allah gave so & so. It is Hikmat and Maslihat of
Allah swt (wisdom prudence, foresight)
Telling yourself: Is it worth it to go through so
much pain for someone?
Be optimistic about people, especially that with
whom you are jealous
Jealousy is CONTAGIOUS.Avoid company of
jealous people!
Remember Day Of Judgement.Remember how
Jealousy will disfigure your soul. Remember
how jealousy will let Power of Anger and
Power of Passion and Power of Imagination
take over your power of reason.
Remember to use your power of Reason.Keep
this power the incharge of your being
It is difficult to control power of Anger and
passion and imagination. But only this is how
you will achieve eternal peace
Prevention better than cure: If someone hurts
you, forgive and forget. Otherwise this will
harbor as jealousy in you!
Jealous person exhibits pride, does not
greet,misbehaves to the Mehsood. Do the opposite!
Be the first to greet, be down to earth, show respect,
show appreciation
Jealous person is happy when Mehsood is in
trouble.This is Shamatat: another greater sin! Do the
opposite. Go to him/her and show your support in
their times of trouble
A wise person must establish friendship keeping in
mind that he/she cannot survive alone. None can
catre for all their needs themselves.WE NEED
Pray and expect and anticipate blessing upon fellow
A jealous person conceals good things about a
person and reveals his or her discrepancies.Do the
opposite! Talk nice about that person, avoid
Though your behavior will be unnatural in the
beginning, since your aim is self-rectification, it will
gradually become less artificial.InshaAllah, day by day
this will become a reality and your heart will follow
your tongue to appreciate his virtues and good
At any stage during your treatment, don't think that this moral
vice is not curable; this erroneous notion is inspired by Satan and
the lower self ,who want to frustrate your efforts of curing
yourself. Have hope in God Almighty!
Without the science of ethics and spiritual
purification, mastery over any other science is not
only devoid of any value, but it would in fact lead
to the obstruction of insight and ultimate
destruction of those who pursue it. That is why it
has been said that which means, `knowledge is
the thickest of veils', which prevents man from
seeing the real nature of things.

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